1868 United Kingdom general election

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1868 United Kingdom general election

← 1865 17 November – 7 December 1868 (1868-11-17 – 1868-12-07) 1874 →

All 658 seats in the House of Commons
327 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  William Ewart Gladstone crop.jpg Illustrirtes Konversations-Lexikon; vergleichendes Nachschlagebuch für den täglichen Gebrauch. Hausschatz für das deutsche Volk und "Orbis pictus" für die studirende Jugend (1870) (14781283621) (cropped).jpg
Leader William Ewart Gladstone Benjamin Disraeli
Party Liberal Conservative
Leader since 3 December 1868 27 February 1868
Leader's seat Greenwich Buckinghamshire
Last election 369 seats, 59.5% 289 seats, 40.5%
Seats won 387 271
Seat change Increase18 Decrease18
Popular vote 1,428,776 903,318
Percentage 61.2% 38.7%
Swing Increase1.7% Decrease1.8%

United Kingdom general election 1868.svg
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

Benjamin Disraeli
Conservative

Appointed Prime Minister

William Ewart Gladstone
Liberal

The 1868 United Kingdom general election was the first after passage of the Reform Act 1867, which enfranchised many male householders, thus greatly increasing the number of men who could vote in elections in the United Kingdom. It was the first election held in the United Kingdom in which more than a million votes were cast; nearly triple the number of votes were cast compared to the previous election of 1865.

The result saw the Liberals, led by William Ewart Gladstone, again increase their large majority over Benjamin Disraeli's Conservatives to more than 100 seats.

This was the last general election at which all the seats were taken by only the two leading parties, although the parties at the time were loose coalitions and party affiliation was not listed on registration papers.

Results[edit]

Largest party in each constituent country
Largest party in each constituent country
387 271
Liberal Conservative
UK General Election 1869
Party Candidates Votes
Stood Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % No. Net %
  Liberal 600 387 +18 58.81 61.24 1,428,776 +2.0
  Conservative 436 271 −18 41.19 38.71 903,318 −2.1
  Others 3 0 0 0 0 0 0.05 1,157 N/A

Voting summary[edit]

Popular vote
Liberal
61.24%
Conservative
38.71%
Others
0.05%

Seats summary[edit]

Parliamentary seats
Liberal
58.81%
Conservative
41.19%
Others
0.0%

Regional results[edit]

Great Britain[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Liberal 515 80 321 Increase7 1,374,315 61.4
Conservative 383 65 234 Decrease10 864,551 38.6
Other 1 0 0 969 0.0
Total 899 145 555 Decrease3 2,239,835 100
England[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Liberal 412 46 244 Decrease7 1,192,098 59.7
Conservative 334 54 211 Decrease2 803,637 40.2
Other 1 0 0 969 0.1
Total 747 100 455 Decrease9 1,996,704 100
Scotland[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Liberal 70 23 51 Increase9 125,356 82.5
Conservative 20 3 7 Decrease4 23,985 17.5
Total 90 26 58 Increase5 149,341 100
Wales[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Liberal 29 10 23 Increase5 52,256 62.1
Conservative 20 4 10 Decrease4 29,866 37.9
Total 49 14 33 Increase1 82,122 100

Ireland[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Liberal 85 41 66 Increase8 54,461 57.9 +2.3
Irish Conservative 53 26 37 Decrease8 38,765 41.9 −2.5
Other 2 0 0 Same position 188 0.2 +0.2
Total 140 67 103 Same position 149,341 100

Universities[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Conservative 9 4 6 Steady 7,063 55.4
Liberal 4 1 3 Increase3 4,605 44.6
Total 13 5 9 11,668 100

References[edit]

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989), British Electoral Facts: 1832–1987, Dartmouth: Gower, ISBN 0900178302
  • Rallings, Colin; Thrasher, Michael, eds. (2000), British Electoral Facts 1832–1999, Ashgate Publishing Ltd

External links[edit]