1922 United Kingdom general election in Northern Ireland

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1922 United Kingdom general election (Northern Ireland)

← 1918 15 November 1922 1923 →

All 13 seats in Northern Ireland to the House of Commons
  First party Second party
  James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon.jpg Joe Devlin.JPG
Leader James Craig Joe Devlin
Party UUP Nationalist
Leader since 1921 1918
Leader's seat Did not stand Did not stand
Seats won 11 2
Popular vote 69,357 42,026
Percentage 57.2% 34.7%

The 1922 United Kingdom general election in Northern Ireland was held on 15 November 1922. There were ten constituencies, seven single-seat constituencies with elected by FPTP and three two-seat constituencies with MPs elected by bloc voting. Only two of the constituencies had contested elections.

It was the first election held after the Government of Ireland Act 1920, which had reduced the number of seats in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom in the region designated as Northern Ireland from 30 to 13. It was also the first election held after the approval of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, whereby the Irish Free State separated from the United Kingdom with effect from 6 December 1922, a few weeks after the election was held.

At the previous general election, the seats won in the area which would become Northern Ireland were:

Party MPs
Unionist 20
Nationalist 4
Sinn Féin 3
Labour Unionist 3

The Sinn Féin members elected sat as TDs for the First Dáil, a revolutionary parliament for an Irish Republic.

The focus of politics in Northern Ireland had shifted to the Parliament of Northern Ireland, after the first general election to the House of Commons of Northern Ireland in May 1921. The party leaders of the three parties had been elected to seats in this parliament rather than at Westminster.

Results[edit]

The Ulster Unionist Party was dominant in this election, and won the most seats at every election in Northern Ireland until the 2005 general election. They took the Conservative Party whip in the House of Commons.

The Nationalist Party was a successor to the Irish Parliamentary Party which had suffered a large defeat in the previous election, now continuing in the area of Northern Ireland.

In the previous election, Sinn Féin had won three of the seats in this region. The Irish Free State had been in midst of the Irish Civil War from June 1922, which divided Sinn Féin into Pro-Treaty and Anti-Treaty factions (soon to become separate parties), and it did not contest this election to Westminster.

In the election as a whole, the Conservatives led by Bonar Law won an absolute majority of 344 of the 615 seats.

Results[1][2]
Party MPs Uncontested Votes[3] Adjusted votes[a 1] %
Ulster Unionist 11 10 107,972 69,357 57.2%
Nationalist 2 0 90,053 42,026 34.7%
Independent Nationalist 0 0 9,861 9,861 8.1%
Total 13 10 207,886 121,245 100
  1. ^ Votes in constituencies using the bloc voting system are counted as 0.5 each, as each voter had one vote per seat.

MPs elected[edit]

Constituency Party MP
Antrim Ulster Unionist Charles Craig
Ulster Unionist Hugh O'Neill
Armagh Ulster Unionist William Allen
Belfast East Ulster Unionist Herbert Dixon
Belfast North Ulster Unionist Thomas McConnell
Belfast South Ulster Unionist Thomas Moles
Belfast West Ulster Unionist Robert Lynn
Down Ulster Unionist David Reid
Ulster Unionist John Simms
Fermanagh and Tyrone Nationalist Party Thomas Harbison
Nationalist Party Cahir Healy
Londonderry Ulster Unionist Malcolm Macnaghten
Queen's University of Belfast Ulster Unionist Sir William Whitla

References[edit]

  1. ^ Walker, Brian Mercer (1992). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1918–1992 (New History of Ireland). Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. p. 15. ISBN 0901714968.
  2. ^ "Elections to the United Kingdom Parliament held in Northern Ireland: General Election of 6 December 1922". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  3. ^ Rallings, Colin; Thrasher, Michael (2006). British Electoral Facts. Ashgate. p. 23.