1997 Irish presidential election
The 1997 Irish presidential election was held on 30 October 1997. It was the eleventh presidential election to be held in Ireland, and only the sixth to be contested by more than one candidate. It was held ahead of schedule when incumbent Mary Robinson resigned to assume her new appointment as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.
The Minister for the Environment and Local Government made the order opening nominations on 15 September, with 30 September as the deadline for nominations. Five people received nominations, the highest number contesting to that point, and more remarkably, four of the five were women.
Mary McAleese was selected by Fianna Fáil as their candidate for the presidency. Born in Belfast, she was formerly a journalist with broadcaster, RTÉ, and at the time of her nomination, she was Pro-Vice Chancellor of Queens University Belfast. Two other candidates, Albert Reynolds and Michael O'Kennedy, had also sought the Fianna Fáil nomination. Reynolds was a former Taoiseach while O'Kennedy was a former cabinet minister having served in the Finance and Foreign Affairs portfolios. Both were also sitting TDs which was seen as an advantage. In the first round of voting, Reynolds received 49 votes, McAleese 42, and O'Kennedy 21. In the second round, McAleese won, with 62 votes to Reynolds's 48. McAleese was later also endorsed by the Progressive Democrats, the smaller party in the coalition government with Fianna Fáil.
Mary Banotti was nominated by Fine Gael. She was the grand-niece of the former Irish leader, Michael Collins, and sister of the deputy leader of the party, Nora Owen. She defeated colleague Avril Doyle for the party nomination in a very close contest. Banotti, who was an MEP at the time, was the only serving politician among the five presidential candidates.
Adi Roche, who had founded Chernobyl Children International in 1991, was nominated by the Labour Party. Roche was later endorsed by Democratic Left and the Green Party. At 42 years of age, she was and is the youngest person to stand in an Irish presidential election.
Dana Rosemary Scallon
Dana Rosemary Scallon received the nominations of five county councils: Donegal, Kerry, Longford, North Tipperary and Wicklow. Scallon was a singer, the winner of the 1970 Eurovision Song Contest, and a family values campaigner. She was the first candidate in any Irish presidential election to have been nominated by local authorities, rather than by Oireachtas members.
Derek Nally was the fifth candidate to join the presidential race and the only male candidate. He was a retired Garda and victims' rights campaigner. He also received the nominations of five county councils: Carlow, Clare, Kildare, South Dublin and Wexford.
|1997 Irish presidential election|
|Candidate||Nominated by||% 1st Pref||Count 1||Count 2|
|Mary McAleese||Oireachtas: Fianna Fáil and Progressive Democrats||45.2||574,424||706,259|
|Mary Banotti||Oireachtas: Fine Gael||29.3||372,002||497,516|
|Dana Rosemary Scallon||County and City Councils||13.8||175,458||—|
|Adi Roche||Oireachtas: Labour Party, Democratic Left and Green Party||6.9||88,423||—|
|Derek Nally||County and City Councils||4.7||59,529||—|
|Electorate: 2,688,316 Valid: 1,269,836 Spoilt: 9,852 (0.7%) Quota: 634,919 Turnout: 47.6%|
Results by constituency
- The powers and functions of the president were exercised and performed by the Presidential Commission from the resignation of Mary Robinson on 12 September until the inauguration of Mary McAleese on 11 November.
- O'Sullivan, Roddy (16 September 1997). "Two weeks for nominations". The Irish Times. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
- "McAleese's candidacy endorsed by PDs". The Irish Times. 24 September 1997. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
- Hogan, Dick (16 September 1997). "Champion of Chernobyl victims to run for Presidency". The Irish Times. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Charity workers stand by criticism of Roche". 22 September 1997. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- Newman, Christine (17 September 1997). "Dana promises a people's campaign for Presidency". The Irish Times. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
- "Derek Nally - an arresting candidate". BBC News. 29 October 1997. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
- "Four more councils agree to give Nally nomination". The Irish Times. 30 September 1997. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
- "Presidential Elections 1938–2011" (PDF). Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government. p. 34. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
- "Presidential Elections 1938–2011" (PDF). Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government. p. 35. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
- "Presidential Elections 1938–2011" (PDF). Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government. p. 36. Retrieved 20 September 2018.