Albert Édouard Le Brethon de Caligny

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Albert Édouard Le Brethon de Caligny
Born(1833-12-11)11 December 1833
Pont-l'Évêque, Calvados
Died17 January 1863(1863-01-17) (aged 29)
Shaoxing
AllegianceFrance
Service/branchFrench navy
Years of service1853 - 1863
RankLieutenant de vaisseau

Albert Édouard Le Brethon de Caligny (11 December 1833 Pont-l'Évêque, Calvados – 17 January 1863, Shaoxing) was a French Navy officer and founder of the Ever Victorious Army.

Career[edit]

After studies at the École Polytechnique, Le Brethon joined the French Navy, rising to midshipman in 1855. He served on Persévérante and on Lavoisier before rising to Ensign on 9 October 1857.[1]

He took part in the Italian unification on Tempête in 1859 before transferring on the frigate Forte the next year. He distinguished himself during the Battle of Shanghai while leading a landing party, and was awarded command of Confucius.[1]

Promoted to Lieutenant on 10 May 1862, Le Brethon was tasked to instruct locally recruited troops, leading to the training of the Ever Victorious Army.[2] From October, he commanded a mixed troop of French and Chinese soldiers fighting the Taiping Rebellion.[1] On 17 January 1863, he was killed at Shaoxing by the explosion of an artillery piece.[3]

Posthumously promoted to general in the Chinese Army, he was buried at Kangpo.[1] The gunboat Aigrette was renamed to Le Brethon in his honour.

Notes, citations, and references[edit]

Notes
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d Albert Edouard Le BRETHON de CALIGNY, Parcours d'officiers dans la Royale
  2. ^ Gazette de Changhai - 5 : Les malheurs de la Concession continuent : le deuxième assaut des Taiping, Consulat général de France à Shanghai
  3. ^ Roche, vol.1, p.85
References
  • Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours 1 1671 - 1870. p. 85. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.
  • LE BRETHON de COLIGNY Albert, Édouard, MÉMORIAL DES OFFICIERS DE MARINE