American Party (1969)
|Founded||February 1, 1969|
The party began as part of the American Independent Party, supporters of George Wallace's 1968 campaign for the presidency, and was the formal name of the party on the ballot in Tennessee. In 1969, the AIP became the American Party at a convention attended by representatives from 37 states. Following the 1972 election, the American Party formally split from the American Independent Party. Both parties have nominated candidates for the presidency and other offices, although the AIP has in more recent years considered itself a California affiliate of the Constitution Party. In New York, the American Party ran a state ticket in 1974 under the name of Courage Party, because a state law there prohibits the use of the word "American" on the ballot. The American Party won its strongest finish in the 1972 presidential election; nominee John G. Schmitz carried 1,090,673 votes (3rd place).
In 1990, a small number of former members of the American party began the Christian Party, whose membership reportedly grew at a faster rate, but nothing came of it.
The American Party has failed to achieve ballot status in any state since 1996. The party's website disappeared sometime in 2008. In 2010 the Ohio party endorsed several Libertarian Party candidates.
The party had a Florida affiliate, the American Party of Florida, that appeared to carry on operations into June 2011, but became defunct after that and no longer is listed as a political party in Florida.
In 2015, the party created a new website; a Twitter account and Facebook page were also created. The American Party is now formally known as the "American Party of the United States", and disclaims any association with the "American Party of South Carolina", the "Independent American Party", or the "American Party of America".
Presidential and vice-presidential candidates
|American Party National Campaigns|
|Year||Convention Site & City||Dates||Presidential nominee||Vice-Pres. nominee||Votes|
|1968||George C. Wallace (Alabama)||Curtis LeMay (Ohio)||9,901,151|
|August 3–5, 1972||U.S. Rep. John G. Schmitz (California)||Thomas J. Anderson (Tennessee)||1,090,673|
Salt Lake City, Utah
|June 16–20, 1976||Thomas J. Anderson (Tennessee)||Rufus E. Shackleford (Florida)||160,773|
|1980||Pasadena, California||December 8–9, 1979||Percy L. Greaves, Jr. (New York)||Frank L. Varnum (California)||6,648|
|Anti-Greaves ticket in Kansas||Frank W. Shelton (Kansas)||George E. Jackson||1,555|
Presidential Electors in Minnesota
|No nominee||No nominee||6,136|
|1984||Charlotte, North Carolina||December 1–3, 1983||Delmar Dennis (Tennessee)||Traves Brownlee (Delaware)||13,161|
|1988||Salt Lake City, Utah||June 1987||Delmar Dennis (Tennessee)||Earl Jeppson||3,475|
|1992||Pensacola, Florida||June 1992||Robert J. Smith (Utah)||Doris Feimer (North Dakota)||292|
|1996||Wichita, Kansas||March 1996||Diane Beall Templin (California)||Gary Van Horn (Utah)||1,847|
|2000||Oklahoma City, Oklahoma||March 30–31, 2000||Don Rogers (California)||Al Moore (Virginia)||0|
|2004||Newark, Delaware||July 11–12, 2003||Robert N. Boyd (Indiana) (withdrew)||Walton C. Thompson (withdrew)||0|
|Kenner, Louisiana||January 10, 2004||Diane Beall Templin (California)||Al Moore (Virginia)||0|
Avon Park, Florida
|March 7–8, 2008||Diane Beall Templin (California)||Linda Patterson (Indiana)||0|
|2016||Kansas City, Missouri||May 6–7, 2016||Tom Hoefling (Iowa)||Steve Schulin (South Carolina)|
Sources for table:
- Ohio Elects the President (2000), pp. 143–174.
- American Party history at OurCampaigns.com
- James T. Havel, U.S. Presidential Candidates and the Elections, vol. 2
- American Party website http://www.americanpartyofus.com/
- Dennis, Delmar "The American Party" Contra Mundum Volume 4 (Summer 1992), pages 46-47.
- Dennis, Delmar "The American Party" Contra Mundum Volume 4 (Summer 1992), pages 46–47.
- The American Party of the United States. americanpartyofus.com/
- A brief history can be found on ourcampaigns.com