Bhanurangsi Savangwongse

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Bhanurangsi Savangwongse
Prince Bhanubandhu Vongsevoradej
Prince Bhanurangsi Savangwongse.jpg
Commander of the Department of Military Operation
In office1892 – 1896
PredecessorSurasakmontri
SuccessorChitcharoen
In office1899 – 1901
PredecessorChitcharoen
SuccessorChirapravati Voradej
Commander of the Navy Department
In office17 February 1902 – 24 February 1903
Acting29 January 1901 – 16 February 1902
PredecessorAndreas du Plessis de Richelieu
SuccessorParibatra Sukhumbandhu
Director-General of the Royal Siamese Navy
In office19 June 1920 –31 August 1922
PredecessorParibatra Sukhumbandhu
as the minister
SuccessorAbhakara Kiartivongse
as the minister
Born(1859-01-11)11 January 1859
Bangkok, Siam
Died13 June 1928(1928-06-13) (aged 68)
Bangkok, Siam
Spouse
  • Maen Bunnag
  • Liam Supphasut
  • Sun Paksiwongsa
  • Lap Chatikkarat
  • Lek Yongchaiyut
  • Yiam Na Bangxang
  • Yoi Komarakul na Nagara
Issue11 sons and daughters
HouseBhanubandh family (Chakri Dynasty)
FatherMongkut (Rama IV)
MotherDebsirindra
Military career
AllegianceThailand Royal Siamese Army
Thailand Royal Siamese Navy
RankRTA OF-10 (Field Marshal).svg Field Marshal
RTN OF-10 (Admiral of the Fleet).svg Admiral of the Fleet

Bhanurangsi Savangwongse, the Prince Bhanubandhu Vongsevoradej (11 January 1859 – 13 June 1928) (Thai: สมเด็จพระราชปิตุลาบรมพงศาภิมุข เจ้าฟ้าภาณุรังษีสว่างวงศ์ กรมพระยาภาณุพันธุวงศ์วรเดช) was a son of HM King Mongkut of Siam and HM Queen Debsirindra.[1][2]

Although the Prince held a number of posts in the government of his elder brother, King Chulalongkorn, including the post of Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Siamese Army, he is best remembered as the founder of the Thai postal service and the first Field marshal in Royal Siamese Army during King Vajiravudh.[3]

His most famous son is the Formula One racer, Prince Birabongse Bhanutej Bhanubandh, better known as Prince Bira.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Prince Bhanurangsi Savangwongse statue in front of General Post Office (Bangkok)

Prince Bhanurangsi Savangwongse born on 11 January 1860 at the Grand Palace, Bangkok. He has 3 brothers and sisters, including King Chulalongkorn, Princess Chandrmondol and Prince Chaturonrasmi. After 2 years, his mother died. Later, his father died when he was 10 years old. He was the scattering of rice in the procession of the royal funeral of King Mongkut. When he was 12 years, King Chulalongkorn was graciously pleased to appoint him as HRH Prince Brother, and please do have a royal ceremony at the Dusit Maha Prasat Throne Hall. When he was 13 years old he was ordained as a novice at Wat Phra Kaew with Supreme Patriarch Pavares Variyalongkorn as a preceptor then went out to Wat Bowonniwet Vihara.[5]

He began his studies in the school of female teachers and began to study by himself. After that, he studied the books of Khmer and Pali at the Bureau of Phraya Priyatthi Dhammada when he is ordained. After that, he studied military education at the Bureau of the King's Guard since 1872 and learning the Thai language from Phraya Srisoonthorn Waham (Noi Ajarayangkul) including studying civil service traditions and royal traditions from Prince Mahamala, the Prince Bamrapporapak.[6]

Careers[edit]

He was graciously pleased for military service as a special officer rank, dressed in the rank of first lieutenant in Bureau of the King's Guard When King Chulalongkorn proceeded to travel to Singapore (2nd time) and Burma, parts of England throughout India including the rising districts of Siam along the western coast of Malaya. He holding important positions such as Minister of the Council and Privy Council of King Chulalongkorn, Chancellor of the Ministry of Defense, The Privy Council of King Rama VI and the President and Privy Councilor in King Rama VII, Inspector General, Commander of the Navy Department and Director-General of the Post and Telegraph Department.

Death[edit]

Prince Bhanurangsi Savangwongse died on 13 June 1928 with 68 years old at Buraphaphirom Palace.

Issue[edit]

He had 16 children, being 9 sons and 7 daughters:

  1. Princess Dibyasambandh
  2. Prince Nibanna Bhanubongse
  3. Prince Siriwongse Vadhanadej
  4. Princess (unnamed)
  5. Princess Chalermkhetramongmol
  6. Prince Suriyon Yiembayab
  7. Prince Ballap Danaya
  8. Prince Daeng (stillborn)
  9. Princess Khaimuk
  10. Princess Rambhai Prabha
  11. Prince Aphassorawongse
  12. Prince Birabongse Bhanudej
  13. Prince Norasetdha Suriyalaksana
  14. Prince Chirasakdi Suprabhas (th:พระวรวงศ์เธอ พระองค์เจ้าจิรศักดิ์สุประภาต)
  15. Princess Lek (died at six days old)

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]