Brixton (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
Brixton in London 1885–1918
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Lambeth Central|
Brixton was a parliamentary constituency centred on the Brixton district of South London. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first-past-the-post system.
The constituency was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, when the existing two-member Parliamentary Borough of Lambeth was divided into four single-member divisions. The seat, formally known as Lambeth, Brixton Division, comprised part of the civil parish of Lambeth, and was defined in terms of the wards used for elections to the parish vestry under the Metropolis Management Act 1855 as follows:
- The parts of Brixton and Stockwell wards to the north of the centres of Acre Lane and Coldharbour Lane
- The part of Vauxhall ward to the east of the centre of Clapham Road.
The Representation of the People Act 1918 redrew constituencies throughout Great Britain. In London, the seats were redefined in terms of the wards of the Metropolitan Boroughs of the County of London, which had been created in 1900. Accordingly, the constituency was defined as consisting of the following areas of the Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth:
- Stockwell ward.
- The part of Brixton ward to the south of a line running from Clapham Road along the middle of Stockwell Park Road, Grove Road, Brixton Road, Mostyn Road, Akerman Road and Lothian Road and across Camberwell New Road to Wyndham Road.
- The part of Herne Hill Ward to the north of a line running from Coldharbour Lane along the north side of the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway to Denmark Hill.
- The part of Tulse Hill to the north and west of a line running along the middle of Brixton Hill from Mill Lane to Water Lane, along the middle of Water Lane to Effra Road, and along the middle of Effra Road to Coldharbour Lane.
The final boundary change was made by the Representation of the People Act 1948, and came into effect at the 1950 general election. The 1948 Act introduced the term "borough constituency". Due to a population decrease in Lambeth, the number of constituencies in the borough was reduced from four to three. The new Lambeth Brixton Borough Constituency was defined as consisting of four wards of the metropolitan borough as they existed at the end of 1947:
Local government was completely reorganised in Greater London in 1965, and the metropolitan borough was abolished to be replaced by the larger London Borough of Lambeth. However these changes were not reflected in parliamentary boundaries until the general election of 1974. The Brixton constituency was largely replaced by the new seat of Lambeth Central
Members of Parliament
|1887 by-election||Marquess of Carmarthen, later became The 10th Duke of Leeds in December 1895||Conservative|
|1896 by-election||Evelyn Hubbard||Conservative|
|1900 by-election||Sir Robert Mowbray||Conservative|
|1910||Davison Dalziel, later Baron Dalziel||Conservative|
|1923||Frederick Joseph Laverack||Liberal|
|1924||Davison Dalziel, later Baron Dalziel||Unionist|
|1927 by-election||Nigel Colman||Conservative|
|Feb 1974||constituency abolished: see Lambeth Central|
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal||William Blake Odgers||2,762||44.6||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
|Liberal||Montagu Hughes Cookson||1,886||36.4||−8.2|
Baggallay resigned after being appointed a Metropolitan Police Magistrate, causing a by-election.
Elections in the 1890s
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1910s
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+6.8|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: Davison Dalziel
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920s
|Liberal||Frederick Joseph Laverack||9,316||45.2||+29.1|
|Liberal||Frederick Joseph Laverack||10,881||53.5||+8.3|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+8.3|
|Liberal||Frederick Joseph Laverack||4,871||17.5||−36.0|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+18.9|
|Liberal||Frederick Joseph Laverack||5,134||23.9||+6.4|
|Liberal||Arthur Stanley Quick||7,438||23.4||+5.9|
Elections in the 1930s
|Labour||Edward Albert Radice||7,358||23.0||-8.7|
|Liberal||Arthur Stanley Quick||1,911||6.3||New|
General Election 1939/40
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1940s
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+29.4|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Anthony Herbert Foord||18,957||41.7||+5.3|
|Conservative||Patricia M. Marlowe||19,423||43.9||+2.2|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Kenneth P. Payne||11,934||41.9||-5.0|
Elections in the 1970s
|Conservative||James W. Harkess||9,727||42.7||+4.0|
- Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, (48 & 49 Vict.) C 23, Sixth Schedule: Divisions of Boroughs. Number, Names, Contents and Boundaries of Divisions.
- Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. pp. 743, 764. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.
- Representation of the People Act 1918, Ninth Schedule, Redistribution of Seats, Part I: Parliamentary Boroughs (I) London
- Representation of the People Act 1948 (11 & 12 Geo. 6.) C. 65, First Schedule, Parliamentary Constituencies.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 29. ISBN 9781349022984.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
- Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1950–1973, FWS Craig