Central station (MBTA)
Inbound platform at Central in 2013
|Location||Massachusetts Avenue at Prospect Street|
|Owned by||Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority|
|Platforms||2 side platforms|
|Connections||MBTA Bus: CT1, 1, 47, 64, 70, 70A, 83, 91|
|Bicycle facilities||36 spaces|
|Opened||March 23, 1912|
|Passengers (2013)||16,525 (weekday average boardings)|
Central (also called Central Square station) is an MBTA transit station in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It serves the rapid transit Red Line and has a street-level terminal for the MBTA Bus system. It is located at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue with Western Avenue, Prospect Street, and Magazine Street at Central Square.
Central Square station opened along with Park Street Under, Kendall Square station, and Harvard Square station on March 23, 1912. Several 1912-built tile mosaics displaying the station name are still visible above the platforms. Similar mosaics are visible at a number of other older MBTA stations, including South Station and Broadway on the Red Line.
On January 26, 1978, heavy rains flooded the station.
In the mid 1980s, the platforms were extended at many early-built Red Line stations, allowing 6-car trains to be run beginning in January 1988. The platforms at Central were extended to the northwest (contrary to original plans for the southeast) beginning on April 25, 1985, with new entrances placed west of Prospect Street. The row of arches and columns between the tracks was not extended when the station was lengthened, making the extensions visually distinct from the original station area.
Central is a major transfer station, with 8 MBTA Bus routes running from the station to various parts of Cambridge, Somerville, Allston, and Boston.
- 1: Harvard/Holyoke Gate - Dudley Station via Massachusetts Avenue
- 47: Central Square, Cambridge - Broadway Station via B.U. Medical Center, Dudley Station & Longwood Medical Area
- 64: Oak Square - University Park, Cambridge or Kendall/MIT via North Beacon Street
- 70: Cedarwood, Market Place Drive or Central Square, Waltham - University Park via Watertown Square, Arsenal Street & Western Avenue
- 70A: North Waltham - University Park via Watertown Square and Central Square, Cambridge
- 83: Rindge Avenue - Central Square, Cambridge via Porter Square Station
- 91: Sullivan Square Station - Central Square, Cambridge via Washington Street
- CT1: Central Square, Cambridge - B.U. Medical Center/Boston Medical Center via M.I.T.
- "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF) (14th ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014.
- Moskowitz, Eric (18 November 2012). "Starts and Stops: MBTA receives first of long-delayed rail cars". Boston Globe. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- Belcher, Jonathan. "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district" (PDF). NETransit.
- Cambridge Community Development Department (2013). "Central Square: Final Report". p. 21. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
- Sanborn, George M. (1992). A Chronicle of the Boston Transit System. Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority – via MIT.
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