Clann na hÉireann
Clann na hÉireann was a support organisation for Sinn Féin based in Great Britain during the 1960s and 1970s
Consisting mainly of Irish emigrants, the Clann (as it was referred to by sympathisers) was set up in 1964 by the merger of Sinn Féin Birmingham branch and Sinn Féin London branch. Tomás Mac Giolla came over and organised the merger with Seamus Collins from Birmingham who was the Clann Chairperson for most of its existence. Seán Ó Cionnaith became Clann organiser. Clann organized political meetings and protest marches and collected funds to support Sinn Féin's activities in Ireland. It was busiest in Birmingham and Glasgow, while their HQ was in Fulham. It supported the IRA, while the IRA recruited from the Clann's membership and maintained its own structure in Britain.
Clann established contact with Irish organisations in Britain and also with left-wing organisations such as the Connolly Association and the Communist Party of Great Britain. However, it kept a certain distance from these groups, as when it disassociated itself from leftists who became involved in a clash outside the Irish Embassy in London in April 1965.
Attempts were made in the mid-1960s to amalgamate Clann na hÉireann with the Connolly Association (which in turn shared some members with the Communist Party of Great Britain). However, despite the efforts of the Dublin leadership, this proposal was not accepted at the relevant Clann na hÉireann Ard Fheis.
The Clann published a monthly newspaper called Rosc Catha (Irish for "battle-cry"), starting in October 1972. They also organised CRAIC, a Birmingham Irish festival week which ran throughout the 1970s and 1980s. One of the CRAIC festivals brought the Irish poet, Seamus Heaney, over for a reading.
The BBC documentary, Birmingham Irish I am, which aired in Feb 2020, details part of the history of Clann, their activities and interviews two main members, Seamus Collins and Padraig Yeats.
- Michael Gaughan from Mayo joined Clann na hÉireann in London before becoming an IRA volunteer in a London-based Active Service Unit. In December 1971, he was sentenced at the Old Bailey to seven years imprisonment for his part in an IRA fundraising mission to rob a bank in Hornsey, North London. He joined the Provisional IRA while in prison. He died in 1974 in Parkhurst Prison during a hunger-strike.
- Clann organiser Gerry Doherty and veteran Eamonn Smullen were arrested in a London police sting operation in 1969 while trying to purchase arms. Smullen spent the next five years in prison after which he took up a position at the Dublin Official Sinn Féin HQ.
- Brendan Phelan joined Clann Na hÉireann at the outbreak of the Troubles. Along with fellow Clann members Gerry Doherty and Danny Ryan he was deported under the Prevention of Terrorism Act in 1975 and settled back in Dublin.
- Senior Official IRA member Jim Flynn was arrested and placed in solitary confinement in the UK for eighteen days before being deported back to Ireland in 1975. He was allegedly responsible for the death of INLA leader Seamus Costello in 1977 and was shot dead by the INLA in 1982.
- Seamus Collins kept Clann active until the 1990s when the merger of the Workers Party and Democratic left, split the party in 1992.
- The Littlejohn Memorandum (1975)
- Hanley, Brian; Millar, Scott (2009). The Lost Revolution: The Story of the Official IRA and the Workers Party. Dublin: Penguin Ireland. ISBN 1-84488-120-2.
- Johnston, Roy (2004). Century of Endeavour: A Biographical and Autobiographical View of the 20th Century in Ireland. London: Academica Press. p. 167. ISBN 9781930901766.
- Aengus O Snodaigh. "Take me home to Mayo – 25th anniversary of Michael Gaughan's death". An Phoblacht. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
- Coogan, Tim (2000). The I.R.A.. Harper Collins. pp. 415–418. ISBN 0-00-653155-5.
- Brendan Phelan's website