Comparison of the Nordic countries

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This article is a comparison of the Nordic countries.

Geography[edit]

Country / dependency Total area (km2) Land (km2)[a] Ice cap and
glaciers (km2)
Water (km2) Ref
Denmark[b] 43,561 42,890 0 671 [1]
Finland[c] 338,145 303,815 0 34,330
Iceland 103,492 89,717 11,389 2,386
Norway[d] 323,771 302,630 2790 18,351
Sweden 447,435 407,161 314 39,960
Bouvet Island (NO) 49 3 46 0
Faroe Islands (DK) 1,396 1,387 0 9
Greenland (DK) 2,166,086 410,449 1,755,637 0
Jan Mayen (NO) 373 259 114 0
Peter I Island (NO) 154 8 146 0
Queen Maud Land (NO)[e] 2,700,000 0 2,700,000 0
Svalbard (NO) 61,022 24,520 36,502 0
Åland Islands (FI) 1,580 1,553 0 27
  1. ^ Excluding ice cap and glaciers
  2. ^ Excluding Greenland and Faroe Islands
  3. ^ Excluding Åland Islands
  4. ^ Excluding Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Bouvet Island, Peter I Island, and Queen Maud Land
  5. ^ Approximated areas

Demographics[edit]

Country Population Density (per km2) Immigration (%)
Denmark 5,771,672 133.9 7.90
Finland 5,622,534 16.6 5.53
Iceland 340,028 3.3 6.65
Norway 5,501,167 17.0 14.10
Sweden 10,129,869 22.5 14.98
Bouvet Island (NO) 0 0 0
Faroe Islands (DK) 50,322 35.2 NA
Greenland (DK) 56,483 0.028 NA
Jan Mayen (NO) 0 0 0
Peter I Island (NO) 0 0 0
Queen Maud Land (NO) 0 0 0
Svalbard (NO) 2,667 0.043 NA
Åland Islands (FI) 29,013 18.36 NA

Source: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division (October 2019).

Politics[edit]

Government[edit]

Country Political systems Power source Power structure
Denmark Parliamentary system Constitutional monarchy Unitary state
Finland Constitutional republic
Iceland
Norway Constitutional monarchy
Sweden

International organisation membership[edit]

Country Council of Europe Nordic Council ECHR European Union EEA EFTA NATO OECDa United Nations WTO
Denmark 5 May 1949 Yes Yes 1973 Yes No 4 April 1949 30 May 1961 24 October 1945 Yes
Finland 5 May 1989 Yes Yes 1995 Yes No No 20 January 1969 14 December 1955 Yes
Iceland 7 March 1950 Yes Yes No Yes Yes 4 April 1949 5 June 1961 19 November 1946 Yes
Norway 5 May 1949 Yes Yes No Yes Yes 4 April 1949 29 May 1973 27 November 1945 Yes
Sweden 5 May 1949 Yes Yes 1995 Yes No No 28 September 1961 19 November 1946 Yes

a Denmark, Norway and Sweden were among the founders of the predecessor of the OECD, the OEEC, in 1948


Economy[edit]

Country GDP total (PPP) GDP per capita (PPP) GDP total (nominal) GDP per capita (nominal) Gini HDI
Denmark $325.556 billion $56,412 $362.150 billion $62,041 28.1 0.929
Finland $252.753 billion $44,958 $282.010 billion $50,879 25.9 0.920
Iceland $26.674 billion $80,247 $20.284 billion $79,270 24.0 0.935
Norway $441.439 billion $78,285 $448.460 billion $82,773 22.3 0.953
Sweden $554.659 billion $54,759 $563.240 billion $54,135 25.4 0.933

Source: (IMF) International Monetary Fund 2018

Telecommunication[edit]

Country/Territory Internet TLD ISO 3166 code Calling code
Denmark .dk DK +45
Finland .fi FI +358
Iceland .is IS +354
Norway .no NO +47
Sweden .se SE +46
Bouvet Island .bv BV
Faroe Islands .fo FO +298
Greenland .gl GL +299
Queen Maud Land and Peter I Island .aq AQ
Svalbard and Jan Mayen .sj SJ +47 79
Åland Islands .ax AX +358

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nordic Statistical Yearbook 2014" (PDF). www.norden.org/facts. Nordic Council. Retrieved 2014-11-22.