Ekenäs, Finland

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Ekenäs
EkenäsTammisaari
Former municipality
Ekenäs stad
Tammisaaren kaupunki
Ekenäs Town
An alley in Ekenäs
An alley in Ekenäs
Coat of arms of Ekenäs
Location of Ekenäs in Finland
Location of Ekenäs in Finland
Coordinates: 59°58.5′N 023°26′E / 59.9750°N 23.433°E / 59.9750; 23.433Coordinates: 59°58.5′N 023°26′E / 59.9750°N 23.433°E / 59.9750; 23.433
CountryFinland
RegionUusimaa
Sub-regionEkenäs sub-region
Founded1546
Consolidated2009
Area
 • Total1,873.38 km2 (723.32 sq mi)
 • Land726.73 km2 (280.59 sq mi)
 • Water1,146.65 km2 (442.72 sq mi)
Population
 (2008-12-31)[2]
 • Total14,754
Population by native language
 • Finnish17% (official)
 • Swedish81% (official)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ClimateDfb

Ekenäs (Finland Swedish: [ˈeːkeneːs] (About this soundlisten); Finnish: Tammisaari [ˈtɑmːisɑːri]) is a town and former municipality in Finland that comprised the former municipalities of Snappertuna and Tenala together with the town of Ekenäs. It was merged with Pohja and Karis to form the new municipality of Raseborg on January 1, 2009. Ekenäs is in the province of Southern Finland, and is part of the Uusimaa region. The town had a population of 14,754 (as of 31 December 2008)[2] and covered a land area of 726.73 square kilometres (280.59 sq mi).[1] The population density was 20.30 inhabitants per square kilometre (52.6/sq mi). The town is bilingual, with the majority being Swedish speakers (81%), and the minority Finnish speakers (17%).

History[edit]

Ekenäs is Finland's seventh oldest town and the first of the non-medieval town. King Gustav Wasa granted town rights to Ekenäs in 1546, but even before that Ekenäs played a significant role in maritime transport.[3][4] Today it is mostly noted for its archipelago, part of which is the Ekenäs Archipelago National Park. The old, mainly wooden town center is protected due to its cultural historical value, and renovation of even residential buildings is strictly controlled. The history of the old town dates back to 16th century, but most of the current buildings have been built between 18th and 19th century. The present Neoclassical form of the Ekenäs church was designed by Italian-born architect Charles Bassi in 1839–1842 following a fire in 1821. There are two buildings in Ekenäs designed by world famous Finnish architect Alvar Aalto; the Ekenäs Savings Bank (1964) and Villa Skeppet (1969), the home of Aalto's biographer, Göran Schildt.

Ekenäs is home of the oldest still functional movie theatre in Finland called Bio Forum. The theatre is located in the old town centre in a small Art nouveau (Jugend) building and it was founded in 1912. At the time it was called Ekenäs Nya Biograf Teater.

Notable people[edit]

Among notable residents are author Marianne Alopaeus, who wrote in Swedish. She was born in Ekenäs in 1918. One of the most renowned finnish modernist painters Helene Schjerfbeck spend her summers 1918-1920 in Ekenäs and lived in the town permanently 1925-1941. Ekenäs museum center Ekta has a permanent exhibition of her work called Helene Schjerfbeck's Life and Art.

Emma Engdahl-Jägerskiöld, one of Finland's first internationally-recognised opera singers grew up in, and always retained a close connection with, Ekenäs.[5]

Kaija Saarikettu, violinist and Professor at Sibelius Academy, was born in Ekenäs.[6]

Sub-region of Uusimaa[edit]

Ekenäs was also the name of a sub-region of Uusimaa, containing the following municipalities before 2009:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2008" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Population by municipality as of 31 December 2008". Population Information System (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Archived from the original on 2010-12-02. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
  3. ^ Tammisaaren vanha kaupunki ja satama – Museovirasto (in Finnish)
  4. ^ Ekenäs Old Town – Visit Raseborg
  5. ^ "Engdahl-Jägerskiöld, Emma (1852 - 1930)". Kansallisbiografia.fi (in Finnish). National Biography of Finland. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  6. ^ "Saarikettu, Kaija". Uppslagsverket.fi (in Swedish). Retrieved 16 May 2021.

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Ekenäs at Wikimedia Commons