Finnish maritime cluster

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Freedom of the Seas under construction in February 2006, surrounded by sea ice

The Finnish maritime cluster is a cluster of Finnish companies in maritime industries. In 2016 the total turnover was estimated at 13 billion euros and it employed 48,000 people.[1]


Small trading ships similar to Jacobstads Wapen were built in Finnish coastal towns in the 18th century. Small-scale shipyards continued to exist well into the 20th century. The first large scale shipyard was the galley dry dock at Sveaborg built in the mid-18th century, which serviced the ships that won one of the largest sea battles in Finnish history.

The first shipyard in Turku was established in 1732. After the Crimean War, William Crichton acquired a workshop and built a new shipyard, which later was merging smaller shipyards and developed into Crichton-Vulcan, merged with Wärtsilä between 1936 and 1938. Nazi Germany outsourced remarkable submarine industry to Finland at the times of World Wars, a section of industry that was later declared outlaw in the Paris Peace Treaty, but also something that came to be an important foundation for Finnish maritime industry.[2]

Soviet trade[edit]

A major boost to Finnish shipbuilding was the war reparations paid to the Soviet Union after World War II. They forced a rapid industrialization of Finland and the creation of a large metal industry in addition to the traditional papermaking and forest industries.[3] By 1953, the shipbuilding industry had six times the capacity it did in 1944.[4]

Bilateral trade with the Soviet Union forced Finnish shipyards to build ships with a high percentage of total value of Finnish origin.[citation needed] All major components of the finished products needed to be produced domestically. The high percentage of domestic components continues even after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the end of the lucrative trade deals. While ships built in other European shipyards are a collection of components from around Europe and around the world, ships built in Finland can have up to 90% of their total value in Finnish components and labor (kotimaisuusaste).[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

Major companies[edit]

Former Hollming, now STX Europe dockyard in Rauma, Finland, where Rolls-Royce plant is co-located


Six Finnish icebreakers docked for the summer season at Katajanokka, Helsinki
The Mir submersible



Cruise liners[edit]




  1. ^[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "United Nations Official Document". Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  3. ^ Childs, Marquis (1961-12-11). "Tough Finns Appear Unperturbed By The Shadow In The East". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
  4. ^ "Industrial Progress in Finland". The Windsor Daily Star. 2011. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
  5. ^ Jarmo Seppälä (2011-12-21). "Pituutta 96 metriä - Raumalla rakennetaan uusi laiva Rajavartiolaitokselle". Tekniikka & Talous (in Finnish). Archived from the original on 2013-02-13. Laivan kotimaisuusaste on noin 90 prosenttia.
  6. ^ "Rauman telakka luovutti erikoisaluksen Namibiaan". Laivagalleria (in Finnish). 2012-07-21. Archived from the original on 2013-07-28. kotimaisuusaste on 85-90 prosenttia
  7. ^ "Jättiristeilijä Oasis of the Seas lähti kohti Karibiaa". turku.f (in Finnish). 2009-12-03. Archived from the original on 2013-02-13. Projektin kotimaisuusaste on korkea.
  8. ^ Kerttu Vali (December 17, 2012). "Uudentyyppinen Jäänmurtaja Perämerelle". Laivat & Merihistoria (in Finnish). Uuden satamajäänmurtajan suunnittelu, potkurilaitteistot, pääkoneet, teräsmateriaalit sekä suurin osa työstä tulevat Suomesta. Hankinnan kotimaisuusaste onkin korkea, arviolta 85 prosenttia. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  9. ^ "Varsinaissuomalainen laivanrakennusteollisuus – Suomen lippulaiva" (PDF). Tekniikan Akateemiset (in Finnish) (8). 2001. Aluksen kotimaisuusaste on 80 %[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "TS: Jättitilaus voi lipua Turun telakalta sivu suun". Taloussanomat (in Finnish). 2012-12-16. hankkeen kotimaisuusaste on 80 prosenttia.
  11. ^ "Risteilijäkauppa suuressa vaarassa" (in Finnish). Meriteollisuus ry. 2012-12-16. Tällaisten tilausten kotimaisuusaste on peräti 80 prosenttia.
  12. ^ Marko Laitala (2006-02-06). "Maailman kallein laiva rakennetaan Turussa". Tekniikka & Talous (in Finnish). Archived from the original on 2013-02-13. Suomessa rakennettujen laivojen kotimaisuusaste on 80–90 prosenttia.
  13. ^ Jouko Veijonaho (April 9, 2010). "Rolls-Roycelle uusi aluevaltaus potkurimarkkinoilta" (PDF). Uusi Aika (in Finnish). Pori: 5.
  14. ^ "ROLLS-ROYCE OY AB". Finland Exports. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03.
  15. ^ Tapio Pukkila (2012-10-10). "Steerprop sai ison tilauksen Italiaan". YLE Uutiset (in Finnish).
  16. ^ "Steerprop propulsors chosen for dual fuel STQ ferry". Marine Log. October 16, 2012.
  17. ^ Jabour, Bridie (19 June 2012). "Titanic II a step closer to reality". Brisbane Times.
  18. ^ "Global Ship Design Firm Commissioned to Titanic II Project". Blue Star Line. 19 June 2012. Archived from the original on 9 March 2013.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2004-05-09. Retrieved 2006-02-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]