Funco (architecture)

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Funco out of volcanic rock at the foot of Pico do Fogo

Funco is a traditional Capeverdean house that originated from Africa.[1]

These houses are represented in Guinea-Bissau.[2], founded mainly on the islands of Fogo, Santiago and Maio.[3] Their circular form is made of different kinds of rock. The conical thatch roof is made of palm fronds.

Henrique Teixeira de Sousa explored the social structure of Fogo, his native island, in his novels[4] and in his essays.[5] He showed the concern of white families with the rise of mixed families in the late 1940s. They feared the moment that "the blacks would be pushed out of the funco ; [where] they would take the place of the mixed in the loja and the latter would put the whites out of the sobrado.[6]

According to António Carreira in 1965, the term was used to mean a "small, poor and miserable building".[2]

Notable examples[edit]

Notable examples of a funco house/building type include:[citation needed]

  • A funco at Museu Municipal de São Filipe
  • Chã das Caldeiras Vineyard and Tourist Attraction building has temporarily relocated to Cabeça Fundão
  • Chã das Caldeiras Farmer's Association building – the original was destroyed during the 2014 eruption, temporarily relocated to Achada Furna or Cova Figueira – there may be a newer funco building rebuilt and may have moved there

Settlements named after this type of house style, (mainly) in the municipality of São Lourenço dos Órgãos, Santiago Island:

  • Funco Bandeira
  • Funco Marques

Legacy[edit]

The Cape Verdean Architects’ Bar Association has created an Portal to discuss architecture, named “Funco” to honor this particular Cape Verdean form of building.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michel Cahen, "Vilas" et "cidades" : bourgs et villes en Afrique lusophone (preface by Catherine Coquery-Vidrovitch), L'Harmattan, Paris, 1989, p. 59 ISBN 2-7384-0431-6
  2. ^ a b André Donelha, Descrição da Serra Leoa e dos rios de Guiné do Cabo Verde [Description of Sierra Leone between the Rivers of Guinea of Cape Verde] (1625) (intro, notes and titles by Avelino Teixeira da Mota), Junta de Investigações Científicas do Ultramar, Lisbon, 1977, p. 265
  3. ^ Funco, Portal of the Architecture of Cape Verde
  4. ^ The Island of Contenda by Henrique Teixeira de Sousa
  5. ^ "A estrutura social da Ilha do Fogo" ("Social Structure on the Island of Fogo"), Claridade, no. 5, 1957, "Sobrados, lojas e funcos", Claridade, no. 8, 1958
  6. ^ Nelson Eurico Cabral, Le moulin et le pilon, les îles du Cap-Vert (The Mill and the Pestle, the Cape Verde Islands), Harmattan, Paris, ACCT, 1980, p. 145 ISBN 2-85802-161-9 (in French)

Further reading[edit]