Gold parity unit of account

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The gold parity unit of account was the unit of account used by the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) from 1958, and in the European Economic Community from 1962 until the early 1970s.[1][2] The unit was fixed to the value of gold under the Bretton Woods system, and was equivalent to the US dollar which the ECSC had previously used.[1][2][3]

After the collapse of the Bretton Woods system, more than one unit of account was used[4] until the European Unit of Account (EUA) was eventually adopted as a universal replacement from 1977.[4] The EUA was replaced, in turn, by the European Currency Unit in 1981.[4]


  1. ^ a b European Union Public Finance[permanent dead link], European Commission, ISBN 92-894-1620-3, published 2002, accessed 20112-01-09
  2. ^ a b Council Directive 78/669/EEC of 2 August 1978 EUR-Lex, accessed 20112-01-09
  3. ^ Of Snakes in the Tunnell, Green ECU's and the EMU B Steiner, University of Reading, published 1993, accessed 2012-01-09
  4. ^ a b c La situación de la agricultura en la Unión Europea : Informe 2001[permanent dead link] Published 03-02-12, accessed 20112-01-09