Honours of Margaret Thatcher

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Margaret Thatcher received numerous honours in recognition of her career in politics. These included:

Life Peerage[edit]

Margaret Thatcher was given a Life Peerage upon her Standing Down from the House of Commons at the 1992 United Kingdom general election. This allowed her a seat in the House of Lords. She took the title Baroness Thatcher, of Kesteven in the County of Lincolnshire. She sat with the Conservative Party Benches.

Coat of arms[edit]

As a member of the House of Lords with a life peerage,[1] Thatcher was entitled to use a personal coat of arms. A second coat of arms was created following her appointment as Lady Companion of the Order of the Garter (LG) in 1995.[2] Despite receiving her own arms, Thatcher sometimes used the Royal Arms instead of her own, contrary to protocol.[3]

Coat of arms of Margaret Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher
Coat of Arms of Margaret Thatcher, The Baroness Thatcher (1995–2013).svg
Notes
This achievement was used from 1995 to 2013, granted originally by the College of Arms in 1992 and was designed by the Garter King of Arms Sir Colin Cole. This version displays the circlet of the Order of the Garter. When she was appointed to the Order of the Garter in 1995 she was allowed to displayed a circlet of the order, she then used this new version until her death in 2013.
Adopted
1992
Coronet
surmounted by a baron's coronet
Escutcheon
On a lozenge per chevron azure and gules, a double key in chief between two lions combatant a tower with portcullis in base all or.
Supporters
Dexter: An admiral of the fleet of the British Royal Navy; sinister: Sir Isaac Newton holding in his left hand weighing scales, both proper.
Motto
CHERISH FREEDOM
Orders
  • Garter ribbon
  • Merit ribbon with Cross pendant
  • HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE
    — French for "Shame be to him who thinks evil of it."
Symbolism
The dexter supporter is an Admiral of the Royal Navy, to commemorate the victory of the Falklands War during her premiership. The sinister supporter is Sir Isaac Newton, to recognise her earlier career as a scientist. The key and the two royal lions of England represents her tenure as Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury. The tower and portcullis represents her time at the Palace of Westminster as Member of Parliament. She bears this achievement on a lozenge (as is traditional for a woman), surrounded by the circlet of the Order of the Garter (in which she was appointed in 1995), below hangs the ribbon and insignia of the Order of Merit (in which she was appointed in 1990).[4]
Previous versions
Coat of Arms of Margaret Thatcher, The Baroness Thatcher (1992–1995).svg
1992–1995
Coat of Arms of Margaret Thatcher, The Baroness Thatcher (1995–2013) (Variant).svg
Escutcheon: 1995–2013

Commonwealth honours[edit]

Commonwealth realms
Country Date Appointment Post-nominal letters
 United Kingdom 1970 – 8 April 2013 Member of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council PC
Commonwealth realms 7 December 1990 – 8 April 2013 Order of Merit OM[5]
 United Kingdom 1 July 1991 – 8 April 2013 Dame of Justice of the Order of St John D.StJ[6]
 United Kingdom 25 April 1995 – 8 April 2013 Lady Companion of the Order of the Garter LG[7]

Foreign honours[edit]

Orders
Country Date Appointment Ref.
 United States 7 March 1991 Presidential Medal of Freedom [8]
South Africa South Africa 15 May 1991 Grand Cross of the Order of Good Hope [9]
Croatia Croatia 18 September 1998 Grand Order of King Dimitar Zvonimir

Other distinctions[edit]

Scholastic[edit]

University degrees
Location Date School Degree
 England 1947 Somerville College, Oxford Second-Class Honours Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Chemistry
Chancellor, visitor, governor, rector, and fellowships
Location Date School Position
 England 1970 – 8 April 2013 Somerville College, Oxford Honorary Fellow[10]
 Virginia 1993–2000 College of William and Mary Chancellor[11]
Honorary degrees
Location Date School Degree
 District of Columbia 27 February 1981 Georgetown University Doctor of Laws (LL.D)[12]
 England 1986 University of Buckingham Doctor of Laws (LL.D)[13]
 Israel 17 November 1992 Weizmann Institute of Science Doctorate[14]
 Utah 5 March 1996 Brigham Young University Doctor of Public Service (DPS)[15]
 Virginia 2000 College of William and Mary Doctor of Laws (LL.D)[16]
 California 2008 Pepperdine University Doctorate[17]

Memberships and fellowships[edit]

Country Date Organisation Position
 United Kingdom 1975 – 8 April 2013 Carlton Club Honorary Member
 United Kingdom 24 October 1979 – 15 May 1980 Royal Institute of Chemistry Honorary Fellow (Hon FRIC)[18]
 United Kingdom 15 May 1980 – 8 April 2013 Royal Society of Chemistry Honorary Fellow (Hon FRSC)
 United Kingdom 1 July 1983 – 8 April 2013 Royal Society Fellow (FRS)[19]
 United States 2006 – 8 April 2013 The Heritage Foundation Patron

Freedom of the City[edit]

  • Falkland Islands 10 January 1983: Falkland Islands[20]
  • London 26 May 1989: London[21]
  • England 12 December 1990: Westminster[22]
  • Zagreb 16 September 1998:[23] Zagreb[24]
  • Gdańsk 2000: Gdańsk[25]

Places named after Thatcher[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 52978". The London Gazette. 26 June 1992. p. 11045.
  2. ^ "No. 54017". The London Gazette. 25 April 1995. p. 6023.
  3. ^ Summers, Michael; Streeter, Ben (24 March 1997). "The strange case of Lady Thatcher and Her Majesty's coat of arms". The Independent. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  4. ^ Hardman, Robert. "His and Her coats of arms for a baronet and his Lady". The Electronic Telegraph. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  5. ^ "No. 52360". The London Gazette. 11 December 1990. p. 19066.
  6. ^ "No. 52590". The London Gazette. 1 July 1991. p. 10029.
  7. ^ "No. 54017". The London Gazette. 25 April 1995. p. 6023.
  8. ^ "Speech receiving Presidential Medal of Freedom". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 7 March 1991. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  9. ^ "Speech on receiving the Order of Good Hope from President De Klerk". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 15 May 1991. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  10. ^ "Margaret Thatcher 1925–2013". University of Oxford. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Post-Colonial Era Chancellors". College of William and Mary. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Margaret Thatcher receives honorary doctorate from Georgetown University". UPI. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  13. ^ "Honorary Graduates 1978–2000". University of Buckingham. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Margaret Thatcher and the Jewish community". Thejc.com. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  15. ^ "Margaret Thatcher has BYU ties". The Daily Universe. Brigham Young University. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  16. ^ "Honorary degree recipients". Scdbwiki.swem.wm.edu. 28 September 2018. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  17. ^ "Lady Margaret Thatcher Receives Honorary Doctorate from Pepperdine University". Business Wire. 14 November 2008. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  18. ^ "Speech to the Chemical Society and the Royal Institute of Chemistry (honorary fellowship)". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 24 October 1979. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  19. ^ "Cream of the crop at Royal Society". New Scientist. 99 (1365): 5. 7 July 1983.
  20. ^ "Speech in Port Stanley (Falklands)". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 10 January 1983. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  21. ^ "Speech at Mansion House (receiving freedom of the City)". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 26 May 1989. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  22. ^ "Speech receiving Freedom of City of Westminster". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 12 December 1990. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  23. ^ "Speech in Zagreb". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 16 September 1998. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  24. ^ "Honorary citizenship of the city". City of Zagreb. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  25. ^ "Baltic port honors Thatcher and Reagan". DeseretNews.com. 26 August 2000. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  26. ^ "Peninsula on South Georgia to be named after Margaret Thatcher". The Times. London. 15 June 1991.
  27. ^ "Madrid names school after Margaret Thatcher". Thelocal.es. 21 June 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  28. ^ "Somerville College". Conference Oxford. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  29. ^ "New Said building named after Baroness Thatcher". Oxford Mail. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  30. ^ Ros-Lehtinen, Ileana (13 September 2006). "Honoring the Iron Lady". The Washington Times. Retrieved 22 April 2018.