IIHF World Ranking

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Top 20 rankings as of June 2021[1]
Men's
Rank Change* Team Points
1 Steady  Canada 3235
2 Increase 1  Finland 3125
3 Decrease 1  Russia 3050
4 Increase 2  United States 2945
5 Increase 2  Germany 2905
6 Decrease 1  Czech Republic 2895
7 Decrease 3  Sweden 2880
8 Steady   Switzerland 2815
9 Steady  Slovakia 2670
10 Steady  Latvia 2560
11 Steady  Norway 2490
12 Steady  Denmark 2470
13 Increase 3  Kazakhstan 2365
14 Decrease 1  Belarus 2320
15 Decrease 1  France 2295
16 Increase 3  Great Britain 2280
17 Decrease 2  Italy 2280
18 Decrease 1  Austria 2185
19 Decrease 1  South Korea 2140
20 Steady  Slovenia 2085
Women's
Rank Change* Team Points
1 Steady  United States 3600
2 Steady  Canada 3450
3 Steady  Finland 3390
4 Steady  Russia 3290
5 Steady   Switzerland 3170
6 Steady  Japan 3070
7 Increase 1  Czech Republic 3030
8 Increase 1  Germany 3000
9 Decrease 2  Sweden 2920
10 Steady  France 2760
11 Steady  Denmark 2750
12 Increase 2  Hungary 2720
13 Steady  Norway 2660
14 Decrease 2  Austria 2640
15 Steady  Slovakia 2510
16 Steady  South Korea 2455
17 Steady  Italy 2445
18 Increase 3  Netherlands 2315
19 Increase 1  China 2250
20 Increase 2  Poland 2235

The IIHF World Ranking is a ranking of the performance of the national ice hockey teams of member countries of the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). It is based on a formula giving points for each team's placings at IIHF-sanctioned tournaments over the previous four years. The ranking is used to determine seedings and qualification requirements for future IIHF tournaments. The current leader in rankings is Canada in men's play and the United States in women's play.

Description[edit]

The system was approved at the IIHF congress of September 2003.[2] According to IIHF President René Fasel, the system was designed to be simple to understand and "reflect the long-term quality of all national hockey programs and their commitment to international hockey".[3]

The ranking is used to determine the seeding of the teams for the next World Championship and to select the teams which can participate in Winter Olympics without playing in the qualifying round. For example, for the 2014 Winter Olympics, the first nine teams of the Men's World Ranking and the first six of the Women's World Ranking were pre-qualified. Qualification for the men's tournament at the 2014 Winter Olympics was structured around the 2012 ranking. Twelve spots were made available for teams. The top nine teams in the World Ranking after the 2012 Men's World Ice Hockey Championships received automatic berths into the Ice Hockey event. All IIHF teams had an opportunity to qualify for the event. Teams that wished to participate ranked below 29th played a preliminary qualification in September 2012. The winner of the preliminary and teams ranked 19–29th were divided in three groups to play in the pre-qualification round in November 2012. The winner of each pre-qualification group and teams ranked 10–18 were divided in three groups to play in the final qualification in February 2013. The winner of each group then joined the nine top-ranked teams in the Olympics in 2014.

The women's tournament uses a similar qualification format. The top six teams in the IIHF Women's World Ranking after the 2012 IIHF Women's World Championship received automatic berths into the ice hockey event. Lower ranked teams had an opportunity to qualify for the event. Teams ranked 19th and below were divided into two groups where they played in a preliminary qualification round in the autumn of 2012. The two winners and teams ranked 13–18 were divided into two groups where they played in the pre-qualification round in November 2012. The two group winners from the round advanced to the final qualification round, where the teams ranked seventh through twelfth joined them.[4]

Formula[edit]

The world ranking is based on the final positions of the last four Men's or Women's IIHF World Championships and last Olympic ice hockey tournament. Points are assigned according to a team's final placement in the World Championship or the Olympic tournament. The world champion receives 1200 points and then a 20-point interval is used between teams. However, a 40-point interval is used between gold and silver, silver and bronze, fourth and fifth, and eighth and ninth. This is used as a bonus for the teams who reach the quarter-finals, the semi-finals, the final and for winning the gold medal.[1]

Place 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 ...
Points 1200 1160 1120 1100 1060 1040 1020 1000 960 940 920 900 880 860 840 820 800 780 760 740 ...

Points awarded in the current year are valued at the full amount. Points award in the prior years decline linearly by 25% until the fifth year when they are dropped from the calculation. Under this formula, any year with a World Championship and an Olympics will be counted twice in the tables, for a maximum ranking (gold medal in all five events) of: 4200 points at the completion of an Olympic year, 3900 points at the completion of the following year, 3600 points the next year, and 3300 points in the year before the next Olympics. For example, if after the 2020 Championship a team had won the gold medal in the last four championships and the last Olympic tournament, their score would be 3600:

Competition Valuation
coefficient
Points
2020 IIHF World Championship 100% 1200
2019 IIHF World Championship 75% 900
2018 IIHF World Championship 50% 600
2018 Winter Olympics 50% 600
2017 IIHF World Championship 25% 300
2016 IIHF World Championship 0% 0
Counts Five Tournaments from Four Latest Years 3600
Starting April 2014, Women's rankings count Olympics points twice, to be on same formula
as Men's rankings, as no Women's top division World Championship is held in Olympic years

Men's rankings[edit]

The Men's 2021 ranking is based on the performance at the World Championships of 2021, 2020, 2019, and 2018, and at the 2018 Olympic Ice Hockey Tournament in Pyeongchang, South Korea.

For the 2018 Winter Olympics, Russia's Olympic Committee and many of its athletes were banned for illegal doping.[5] The IIHF opposed an outright ban on all Russian players,[6] concerned that the KHL would disallow its players from participating in the tournament, as the NHL had done. The ice hockey team from the Russian hockey federation played under the banner of the International Olympic Committee as "Olympic Athletes from Russia", along with other Russian athletes not banned for doping.

All tournaments in 2020 were cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, teams were awarded points based on their seeding for their respective tournaments. The Championship division received points based on the 2019 World Ranking, while the remaining divisions received points based on the previous year's results.

The following table lists the full breakdown of ranking following the 2020 Men's Ice Hockey World Championships, and the ranking for the 2021 Men's Ice Hockey World Championships. All tournament's points have their full value displayed, while the ranking is calculated by adding the current year's tournament points to the depreciated previous three years' tournament points as explained above. The depreciated percentages are shown in the column headings, first for the current total, then for the new total. The "Total" columns are the sums of the current tournament points and the depreciated values for past tournaments. The "+/–" columns indicate the increase or decrease in ranking since the last tournament. A dash in a tournament column indicates that the country did not participate.

2021
Rank
2020
Rank
Team WC division
(as of 2021)
WC2021
(—)
(100%)
WC2020
(100%)
(75%)
WC2019
(75%)
(50%)
WC2018
(50%)
(25%)
OLY2018
(50%)
(25%)
WC2017
(25%)
(—)
2021
Total
+/− 2020
Total
+/−
1 1  Canada Championship 1200 1200 1160 1100 1120 1160 3235 Steady 3470 Steady
2 3  Finland Championship 1160 1120 1200 1060 1040 1100 3125 Increase 1 3345 Steady
3 2  Russia Championship 1060 1160 1120 1040 1200 1120 3050 Decrease 1 3400 Steady
4 6  United States Championship 1120 1040 1020 1120 1020 1060 2945 Increase 2 3140 Steady
5 7  Germany Championship 1100 1020 1040 920 1160 1000 2905 Increase 2 3090 Steady
6 5  Czech Republic Championship 1020 1060 1100 1020 1100 1020 2895 Decrease 1 3200 Steady
7 4  Sweden Championship 960 1100 1060 1200 1060 1200 2880 Decrease 3 3325 Steady
8 8   Switzerland Championship 1040 1000 1000 1160 940 1040 2815 Steady 3060 Steady
9 9  Slovakia Championship 1000 960 960 960 920 860 2670 Steady 2835 Steady
10 10  Latvia Championship 920 940 940 1000 860 940 2560 Steady 2810 Steady
11 11  Norway Championship 880 920 900 880 1000 920 2490 Steady 2765 Steady
12 12  Denmark Championship 900 900 920 940 800 900 2470 Steady 2685 Steady
13 16  Kazakhstan Championship 940 840 800 760 820 760 2365 Increase 3 2420 Increase 3
14 13  Belarus Championship 840 880 780 840 880 880 2320 Decrease 1 2545 Increase 1
15 14  France Division I A 840[a] 800 840 900 840 960 2295 Decrease 1 2540 Decrease 1
16 19  Great Britain Championship 860 820 880 800 660 680 2280 Increase 3 2380 Increase 1
17 15  Italy Championship 820 860 860 780 760 820 2280 Decrease 2 2480 Increase 1
18 17  Austria Division I A 780[a] 780 820 860 780 800 2185 Decrease 1 2415 Decrease 2
19 18  South Korea Division I A 760[a] 760 760 820 900 780 2140 Decrease 1 2385 Decrease 1
20 20  Slovenia Division I A 740[a] 740 740 720 960 840 2085 Steady 2345 Decrease 2
21 21  Hungary Division I A 720[a] 720 720 740 700 720 1980 Steady 2160 Steady
22 22  Poland Division I B 700[a] 660 660 700 740 740 1885 Steady 2060 Steady
23 23  Lithuania Division I B 680[a] 680 700 680 560 640 1850 Steady 1985 Increase 1
24 25  Romania Division I A 660[a] 700 680 600 580 560 1820 Increase 1 1940 Increase 2
25 24  Japan Division I B 640[a] 640 640 660 720 660 1785 Decrease 1 1975 Decrease 1
26 27  Estonia Division I B 620[a] 620 620 640 600 620 1705 Increase 1 1860 Decrease 1
27 26  Ukraine Division I B 600[a] 600 600 620 680 700 1675 Decrease 1 1875 Decrease 1
28 28  Netherlands Division II A 580[a] 560 580 560 640 580 1590 Steady 1740 Steady
29 30  Serbia Division I B 560[a] 580 560 520 540 520 1540 Increase 1 1660 Steady
30 29  Croatia Division II A 540[a] 540 540 580 620 600 1515 Decrease 1 1695 Steady
31 31  Spain Division II A 520[a] 500 500 440 520 460 1385 Steady 1470 Steady
32 32  China Division II A 500[a] 480 480 500 440 440 1335 Steady 1420 Steady
33 35  Australia Division II A 480[a] 520 520 540 540 1265 Increase 2 1315 Steady
34 34  Israel Division II A 460[a] 460 440 400 460 400 1240 Steady 1320 Steady
35 33  Iceland Division II B 440[a] 420 420 460 480 480 1200 Decrease 2 1325 Steady
36 36  Belgium Division II B 420[a] 440 460 480 500 1100 Steady 1150 Increase 1
37 37  Mexico Division II B 400[a] 360 360 360 500 360 1065 Steady 1150 Decrease 1
38 38  Georgia Division II B 380[a] 380 380 320 400 280 1035 Steady 1095 Increase 1
39 39  New Zealand Division II B 360[a] 400 400 420 420 965 Steady 1015 Increase 1
40 40  Bulgaria Division II B 340[a] 340 320 300 420 300 935 Steady 1015 Decrease 2
41 41  North Korea Division III A 320[a] 320 340 380 380 825 Steady 860 Steady
42 42  Turkey Division III A 300[a] 300 300 280 340 745 Steady 750 Steady
43 43  Luxembourg Division III A 280[a] 260 260 340 320 690 Steady 705 Steady
44 45  Turkmenistan Division III A 260[a] 280 280 200 660 Increase 1 590 Increase 2
45 44  Chinese Taipei Division III A 240[a] 240 240 260 220 605 Decrease 1 605 Increase 1
46 46  South Africa Division III B 220[a] 200 220 240 240 540 Steady 545 Decrease 2
47 47  United Arab Emirates Division III A 200[a] 220 200 160 200 505 Steady 500 Increase 1
48 48  Hong Kong Division III B 180[a] 180 180 220 260 460 Steady 490 Decrease 2
49 49  Bosnia and Herzegovina Division III B 160[a] 140 140 180 0 380 Steady 335 Steady
50 50  Thailand Division III B 140[a] 160 160 340 Steady 280 Increase 1
51 51  Kuwait Division IV 120[a] 120 120 140 305 Steady 280 Decrease 1
52 52  Kyrgyzstan Division IV 100[a] 100 100 225 Steady 175 Steady
53 53  Malaysia Division IV 80[a] 80 140 Steady 80 new
54 54  Philippines Division IV 60[a] 60 105 Steady 60 new
55  Singapore Division IV 40[a] 40 new
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am "For a fairer ranking and point distribution, the IIHF Council decided that the points for 2021 in case of tournament cancellations are given according to the ranking position of each team in the 2021 Pre-Championship Report – taking into consideration the results in 2018, 2019 and 2020 – rather than by seeding as in the past."[7]

Women's rankings[edit]

The Women's 2019 ranking is based on the performance at the World Championships of 2019, 2018, 2017, and 2016, and at the 2018 Olympic Ice Hockey Tournament in Pyeongchang, South Korea.

For the 2018 Winter Olympics, Russia's Olympic Committee and many of its athletes were banned due to systemic illegal doping.[5] The IIHF opposed an outright ban on all Russian players[6] and the ice hockey team from the Russian hockey federation played under the banner of the International Olympic Committee as "Olympic Athletes from Russia", along with other Russian athletes not banned for doping.

Most of the tournaments in 2020 were cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, teams were awarded points based on their seeding for their respective tournaments. The Championship division received points based on the 2019 World Ranking, while Divisions IA, IB, and IIA received points based on the previous year's results. Divisions IIB and III were completed and scored as scheduled.

The following table lists the ranking following the 2019 Women's Ice Hockey World Championships and the ranking for the 2020 Women's Ice Hockey World Championships. All tournament's points have their full value displayed, while the ranking is calculated by adding the current year's tournament points to the depreciated previous three years' tournament points as explained above. The depreciated percentages are shown in the column headings, first for the current total, then for the new total. The "Total" columns are the sums of the current tournament points and the depreciated values for past tournaments. The "+/–" columns indicate the increase or decrease in ranking since the last tournament. A dash in a tournament column indicates that the country did not participate.

2020
Rank
2019
Rank
Team WC division
(as of 2020)
WC2020
(—)
(100%)
WC2019
(100%)
(75%)
WC2018
(75%)
(50%)
OLY2018
(75%)
(50%)
WC2017
(50%)
(25%)
WC2016
(25%)
(—)
2020
Total
+/− 2019
Total
+/−
1 1  United States Championship 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 3600 Steady 3900 Steady
2 2  Canada Championship 1160 1120 1160 1160 1160 1160 3450 Steady 3730 Steady
3 3  Finland Championship 1120 1160 1120 1120 1120 1100 3390 Steady 3675 Steady
4 4  Russia Championship 1100 1100 1100 1100 1060 1120 3290 Steady 3560 Steady
5 5   Switzerland Championship 1060 1060 1060 1060 1020 1020 3170 Steady 3415 Steady
6 6  Japan Championship 1040 1000 1040 1040 960 1000 3070 Steady 3290 Increase 1
7 8  Czech Republic Championship 1020 1040 1000 960 1000 1040 3030 Increase 1 3270 Increase 1
8 9  Germany Championship 1000 1020 980 940 1100 960 3000 Increase 1 3250 Decrease 1
9 7  Sweden Division I A 920 960 1020 1020 1040 1060 2920 Decrease 2 3275 Decrease 1
10 10  France Division I A 900 940 960 920 860 940 2760 Steady 3015 Steady
11 11  Denmark Championship 960 900 900 880 900 900 2750 Steady 2910 Increase 1
12 14  Hungary Championship 940 920 920 820 880 840 2720 Increase 2 2875 Steady
13 13  Norway Division I A 880 880 880 900 920 880 2660 Steady 2895 Steady
14 12  Austria Division I A 860 860 940 860 940 920 2640 Decrease 2 2910 Decrease 1
15 15  Slovakia Division I A 840 840 860 800 840 860 2510 Steady 2720 Steady
16 16  South Korea Division I B 780 780 820 1000 720 700 2455 Steady 2680 Steady
17 17  Italy Division I B 800 820 840 840 760 780 2445 Steady 2655 Steady
18 21  Netherlands Division I A 820 800 720 720 700 740 2315 Increase 3 2415 Steady
19 20  China Division I B 740 740 760 760 780 760 2250 Increase 1 2460 Steady
20 22  Poland Division I B 760 760 740 700 740 720 2235 Increase 2 2390 Steady
21 19  Kazakhstan Division I B 720 720 780 740 820 800 2225 Decrease 2 2470 Steady
22 18  Latvia Division II A 680 700 800 780 800 820 2195 Decrease 4 2490 Steady
23 23  Great Britain Division II A 660 660 700 660 680 680 2005 Decrease 1 2190 Steady
24 24  Slovenia Division I B 700 680 640 620 640 640 2000 Increase 1 2105 Steady
25 25  Spain Division II A 640 640 600 680 580 580 1905 Steady 2035 Steady
26 26  Mexico Division II A 620 620 620 640 600 540 1865 Steady 2000 Steady
27 27  Turkey Division II B 500 500 520 600 520 500 1565 Steady 1725 Steady
28 28  North Korea Division II A 600 600 680 660 660 1555 Steady 1605 Steady
29 29  Australia Division II B 560 580 660 620 600 1480 Steady 1535 Increase 2
30 33  Chinese Taipei Division II A 580 560 580 480 1410 Increase 3 1235 Increase 3
31 32  Iceland Division II B 540 520 560 540 560 1345 Increase 1 1350 Decrease 1
32 31  New Zealand Division II B 520 540 540 560 520 1335 Decrease 1 1355 Increase 1
33 30  Hong Kong Division III 340 380 420 580 400 460 1225 Decrease 3 1445 Decrease 1
34 34  Romania Division III 400 460 500 500 480 1120 Steady 1205 Decrease 1
35 36  Croatia Division II B 480 480 480 620 1080 Increase 1 995 Steady
36 37  Belgium Division III 420 420 460 460 1080 Increase 1 995 Increase 1
37 35  South Africa Division III 440 400 440 440 440 1070 Decrease 2 1060 Decrease 1
38 38  Bulgaria Division III 380 360 400 420 420 955 Steady 975 Decrease 3
39 39  Ukraine Division II B 460 440 790 Steady 440 new
40  Lithuania Division III 360 360 new

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "IIHF – World Ranking". iihf.com. IIHF. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  2. ^ Hockey Canada (30 September 2003). "IIHF Introduces World Ranking and Ranks Canada First in Men's and Women's Hockey". Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  3. ^ Edvinsson, Jan-Ake, ed. (November 2003). "News release–Hockey fans are the best in the world" (PDF). Ice Times. International Ice Hockey Federation. 7 (5): 7. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Olympic Winter Games". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  5. ^ a b Ruiz, Rebecca R.; Panja, Tariq (5 December 2017). "Russia Banned From Winter Olympics by I.O.C." The New York Times.
  6. ^ a b Clinton, Jared (29 November 2017). "IIHF says complete ban of Russian Olympians would put 'health of hockey at risk'". The Hockey News.
  7. ^ "IIHF – Groups for 2022". iihf.com. IIHF. Retrieved 7 June 2021.

External links[edit]