Kontiolahti

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Kontiolahti
Kontiolax
Municipality
Kontiolahden kunta
Kontiolax kommun
Kontiolahti Church in July 2012
Kontiolahti Church in July 2012
Coat of arms of Kontiolahti
Location of Kontiolahti in Finland
Location of Kontiolahti in Finland
Coordinates: 62°46′N 029°51′E / 62.767°N 29.850°E / 62.767; 29.850Coordinates: 62°46′N 029°51′E / 62.767°N 29.850°E / 62.767; 29.850
Country Finland
RegionNorth Karelia
Sub-regionJoensuu sub-region
Charter1873
Government
 • Municipal managerJere Penttilä
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total1,029.82 km2 (397.62 sq mi)
 • Land799.72 km2 (308.77 sq mi)
 • Water230.1 km2 (88.8 sq mi)
Area rank101st largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-03-31)[2]
 • Total14,914
 • Rank77th largest in Finland
 • Density18.65/km2 (48.3/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98.2% (official)
 • Others1.8%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1421.1%
 • 15 to 6461%
 • 65 or older17.9%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]20.5%
Websitewww.kontiolahti.fi

Kontiolahti (Swedish: Kontiolax; literally meaning "bear bay") is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the North Karelia region, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of Joensuu. The municipality has a population of 14,914 (31 March 2021)[2] and covers an area of 1,029.82 square kilometres (397.62 sq mi) of which 230.1 km2 (88.8 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 18.65 inhabitants per square kilometre (48.3/sq mi). Neighbouring municipalities are Joensuu, Juuka, Lieksa, Liperi and Polvijärvi. The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Coat of arms of the municipality of Kontiolahti is a canting arms; the log driving pike pole, which the bear carries in the picture, refers to the importance of forestry in the region’s economy. The coat of arms was designed by Aarno Liuksiala and approved by the Kontiolahti Municipal Council at its meeting on December 8, 1952. The coat of arms was approved for use by the Ministry of the Interior on February 27, 1953.[6][7]

Kontiolahti hosted the Biathlon World Championships in 1990, 1999 and 2015.[8]

History[edit]

Kontiolahti originally belonged to the parish of Liperi. It became an independent municipality in 1873. The flood nuisance of Lake Höytiäinen and the desire for water abandonment inspired residents to try to build a canal to lower the water level, but the dam broke uncontrollably in 1859, and the landscape changed dramatically.[9] After World War II, the Ruskeala's migrants were stationed in Kontiolahti.

Geography[edit]

Lake Valkealampi in Kontiolahti

Kontiolahti has 183 lakes, and water bodies cover 22.3 percent (230 km²) of the municipality's surface area. The largest of them are Lake Höytiäinen, Lake Kangasvesi and Lake Herajärvi.[10] There are 11 Natura sites in all or part of Kontiolahti: Teerisaari-Sisuslahti, Soikkeli Forest, Pöllönvaara-Kruununkangas, Paihola Forest, Kolvananuuro and surrounding areas, Koli National Park, Jouhteninen, Huurunlampi-Sammakkolampi-Huurunrinne and Huuhkajanvaara.[11]

Villages[edit]

Harivaara, Herajärvi, Iiksenniitty, Jakokoski, Kontiolahti (Kirkonkylä), Kontioniemi, Kulho, Kunnasniemi, Kupluskylä, Kylmäoja, Lehmo, Mönni, Onttola, Paihola, Puntarikoski, Puso, Pyytivaara, Rantakylä, Romppala, Selkie, Varparanta, Venejoki.[12]

Transport[edit]

Joensuu Region's Public Transport (Joensuun seudun joukkoliikenne; JOJO) is responsible for local and school traffic in the Kontiolahti area.[13] Kontiolahti also has a railway station,[14] which, however, no longer has passenger traffic. Highway 6 passes through the municipality.[15][12]

Culture[edit]

Libraries[edit]

Municipal library services are provided by the Kontiolahti Library, the Lehmo Library, and Runo-Antti, the bookmobile of Kontiolahti and Eno.[16][17][18][19]

Food[edit]

In the 1980s, Kontiolahti's parish dishes were named "shoemaker's roast" (suutarinpaisti) and stockfish soup.[20]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ Suomen kunnallisvaakunat (in Finnish). Suomen Kunnallisliitto. 1982. p. 139. ISBN 951-773-085-3.
  7. ^ "Sisäasiainministeriön vahvistamat kaupunkien, kauppaloiden ja kuntien vaakunat 1949-1995 I:10 Kontiolahti". Kansallisarkiston digitaaliarkisto (in Finnish). Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  8. ^ ""Kontiolahden Urheilijat" [Kontiolahti Sports Club]. Kontiolahti: Kontiolahden Urheilijat r.y. Archived from the original on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  9. ^ "Historian Havinaa" (in Finnish). Kontiolahti. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  10. ^ Kontiolahden järvet – Järviwiki (in Finnish)
  11. ^ Tutustu Natura 2000 -kohteisiin kunnittain – Ympäristö.fi (in Finnish)
  12. ^ a b Kylät Pohjois-Karjalassa - Kylät.fi (in Finnish)
  13. ^ JOJO - Official Site (in English)
  14. ^ YLE: Koti rautatien varrella (in Finnish)
  15. ^ [http://vayla.fi/documents/25230764/35411990/Tiesuunnitelmaesite+%28pdf%29.pdf/fa6b124d-2f7f-1cc0-6cd4-688321fd36fa/Tiesuunnitelmaesite+%28pdf%29.pdf?t=1599127868728 Maantien 15716 kevyen liikenteen väylä välillä Urheilukentäntie – Tuppihaantie, Kontiolahti] - Väylä (in Finnish)
  16. ^ "Kontiolahden kirjasto - Ota yhteyttä". kirjastot.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  17. ^ "Kontiolahden kirjasto" (in Finnish). Vaara-kirjastot. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  18. ^ "Lehmon kirjasto" (in Finnish). Vaara-kirjastot. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  19. ^ "Kontiolahden ja Enon kirjastoauto". kirjastot.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  20. ^ Jaakko Kolmonen (1988). Kotomaamme ruoka-aitta: Suomen, Karjalan ja Petsamon pitäjäruoat (in Finnish). Helsinki: Patakolmonen. pp. 122–123. ISBN 951-96047-3-1.

External links[edit]