|Korsnäs kommun |
Location of Korsnäs in Finland
|• Municipal manager||Christina Båssar|
|• Total||1,424.71 km2 (550.08 sq mi)|
|• Land||235.65 km2 (90.98 sq mi)|
|• Water||1,189.06 km2 (459.10 sq mi)|
|Area rank||252nd largest in Finland|
|• Rank||257th largest in Finland|
|• Density||8.77/km2 (22.7/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Swedish||91.2% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||14.5%|
|• 15 to 64||56.3%|
|• 65 or older||29.2%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||21.5%|
Korsnäs covers an area of 1,424.71 square kilometres (550.08 sq mi) of which 1,189.06 km2 (459.10 sq mi) is water. Korsnäs is the most western mainland municipality in Finland. It has a long, rocky coastline along the Gulf of Bothnia. The three largest islands are Halsön, Bredskäret and Södra Björkön, all used as important recreation areas for urban dwellers.
The municipality has a population of 2,066 (31 March 2021), which make it the smallest municipality in Ostrobothnia in terms of population. The population density is 8.77 inhabitants per square kilometre (22.7/sq mi). The municipality is bilingual with Swedish as the majority language and Finnish as the minority language. Until 2014 Swedish was the sole official language. 91.2% of the population speaks Swedish, 3.2% Finnish and 5.5% other languages as their first language.
Due to the post-glacial rebound, most of the area that today forms the municipality of Korsnäs stood under water until around 1000 A.D. The first settlement in Korsnäs is assumed to stem from the 13th century. Some place names of Finnish origin (such as Molpe (Moikipää) and Taklax (Takalaksi)) indicate a Finnish-speaking presence in the 13th century, although it is disputed if these people (probably from Häme) only used the area for fishing on a seasonly basis or if they established a proper, but sparse, settlement. Swedish-speaking settlers came to the area in the 13th or 14th century.
Korsnäs is the municipality's official name in both Swedish and Finnish. The Finnish names Korsnääsi or Ristitaipale are known to have been used historically in some contexts.
Korsnäs was first mentioned in historical documents is 1442, and some individual villages, like Molpe (then called Moikipä) was first mentioned in 1490, and Harrström (then called Harffuaström) in 1494. Korsnäs became an independent municipality in 1887. Prior to that, the area belonged to Närpes.
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Media related to Korsnäs at Wikimedia Commons