List of U.S. states and territories by violent crime rate

Jump to navigation Jump to search
Violent Crime Rate by U.S. state in 2019 (per 100,000 residents) according to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports and the U.S. Census Bureau

This is a list of U.S. states and territories by violent crime rate as of 2019. It is typically expressed in units of incidents per 100,000 individuals per year; thus, a violent crime rate of 300 (per 100,000 inhabitants) in a population of 100,000 would mean 300 incidents of violent crime per year in that entire population, or 0.3% out of the total. The data has been taken from the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports.[1]

In the United States, violent crime consists of five types of criminal offenses: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, and gang violence.[1]

Definition[edit]

The reported U.S. violent crime rate includes murder, rape and sexual assault, robbery, and assault,[2] whereas the Canadian violent crime rate includes all categories of assault, including Assault level 1 (i.e., assault not using a weapon and not resulting in serious bodily harm).[3][4] A Canadian government study concluded that direct comparison of the two countries' violent crime totals or rates was "inappropriate".[5]

France does not count minor violence such as punching or slapping as assault, whereas Austria, Germany, Finland and the United Kingdom do count such occurrences.[6]

The United Kingdom similarly has different definitions of what constitutes violent crime compared to the United States, making a direct comparison of the overall figure flawed. The FBI's Uniform Crime Reports defines a "violent crime" as one of four specific offenses: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. The British Home Office, by contrast, has a different definition of violent crime, including all "crimes against the person," including simple assaults, all robberies, and all "sexual offenses," as opposed to the FBI, which only counts aggravated assaults and "forcible rapes."[7]

Crime rates are necessarily altered by averaging neighborhood higher or lower local rates over a larger population which includes the entire city. Having small pockets of dense crime may lower a city's average crime rate.

Police-recorded violent crime rates per 100,000 population, 2012[8][9][10][11]
Country Homicide Rape Sexual Assault Robbery Assault
Australia 1.2 80.0 2012 [9] 18 327
Germany 0.8 9.4 2010 56.9 2010 60 630
England/Wales 1.1 28.8 2010 82.1 2010 137 730
Scotland 1.6 17.0 2009 124.6 2009 48 1487
US 5.0 44.4 2018 UCR[12] 270.0 2018 NCVS[13]^ 133 241
Sweden 1.0 63.5 2010 183.0 2010 103 927

†Australian statistics record only sexual assault, and do not have separate statistics for rape only. Sexual assault is defined to include rape, attempted rape, aggravated sexual assault (assault with a weapon), indecent assault, penetration by objects, forced sexual activity that did not end in penetration and attempts to force a person into sexual activity; but excludes unwanted sexual touching. [14]

^UCR Rape statistics do NOT include sexual assault, while the NCVS does, furthermore NCVS define sexual assault to include as well sexual touching with/without force, and verbal threats of rape or sexual assault, as well as rape, attempted rape, and sexual assault that isn't rape. [10] [11]

List[edit]

In the list below, you can find a total yearly count of violent crime rates for each state and territory every year from 2010 to 2019 (Data for which comes from the FBI).[1] Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants (Data for which comes from the U.S. Census Bureau).[15]

Violent Crime Rates per 100000 inhabitants in 2010 - 2019
State or Territory 2019 Historical Violent Crime Rates
Incidence Count Violent Crime Rate 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010
 
 District of Columbia 7,403 1049.0 997.1 1004.9 1203.5 1269.1 1242.6 1281.9 1241.8 1202.1 1326.8
 Alaska 6,343 867.1 891.7 829.0 804.6 730.2 635.5 602.6 604.1 606.5 635.3
 New Mexico 17,450 832.2 842.8 783.5 699.4 656.1 597.7 596.7 559.6 567.5 588.0
 Tennessee 40,647 595.2 630.4 651.5 638.5 612.1 610.7 579.7 638.5 608.2 612.0
 Arkansas 17,643 584.6 561.6 554.9 554.3 521.3 480.2 445.7 469.6 480.9 503.5
 Louisiana 25,537 549.3 543.3 557.0 565.0 539.7 515.9 510.4 496.3 555.3 555.3
 South Carolina 26,323 511.3 500.8 506.2 506.8 504.5 497.8 494.8 560.5 571.9 602.2
 Alabama 25,046 510.8 523.1 524.2 532.4 472.4 427.7 418.1 450.3 420.1 383.7
 Missouri 30,380 495.0 501.4 530.3 520.8 497.4 443.3 422.0 451.3 447.4 457.7
 Nevada 15,210 493.8 552.1 555.9 677.9 695.9 635.7 591.2 608.6 562.1 663.0
 Arizona 33,141 455.3 475.7 508.0 471.0 410.2 392.7 405.8 428.6 405.9 413.6
 Maryland 27,456 454.1 469.4 500.2 481.7 457.2 448.0 467.8 477.3 494.1 546.3
 California 174,331 441.2 447.5 449.3 444.8 426.3 396.4 396.2 423.5 411.1 439.6
 Michigan 43,686 437.4 452.5 450.0 460.9 415.5 429.1 429.8 455.0 453.0 493.0
 Oklahoma 17,086 431.8 474.6 456.2 455.3 422.0 413.8 428.1 474.4 454.8 481.4
 Delaware 4,115 422.6 422.5 453.4 510.0 499.0 488.1 479.1 550.5 559.5 623.3
 Texas 121,474 418.9 412.9 438.9 433.8 412.2 406.7 399.8 408.6 408.5 448.4
 Kansas 11,968 410.8 441.8 413.0 401.2 389.9 352.6 327.5 356.7 353.9 370.8
 Illinois 51,561 406.9 411.4 438.8 436.7 383.8 370.9 372.5 416.2 429.3 444.9
 Montana 4,328 404.9 380.9 377.1 374.1 349.6 328.5 240.7 278.8 267.5 275.8
 South Dakota 3,530 399.0 396.4 433.6 422.0 383.1 328.3 398.7 323.8 354.1 368.9
 Colorado 21,938 381.0 401.5 368.1 344.1 321.0 307.8 291.2 307.4 320.2 323.7
 Florida 81,270 378.4 385.9 408.0 429.4 461.9 458.9 460.0 487.0 515.3 541.3
 North Carolina 38,995 371.8 356.2 363.7 371.8 347.0 329.1 336.6 353.5 349.8 362.7
 Indiana 24,966 370.8 373.5 399.0 399.7 387.5 365.3 349.9 344.8 331.8 323.3
 New York 69,764 358.6 350.8 356.7 374.6 379.7 384.7 389.8 406.3 398.1 394.4
 Georgia 36,170 340.7 338.9 357.2 390.4 378.3 385.8 359.7 380.0 373.2 402.3
 Massachusetts 22,578 327.6 340.3 358.0 380.7 390.9 395.1 404.0 407.0 428.4 468.9
 West Virginia 5,674 316.6 299.9 350.7 362.7 337.9 316.4 289.7 320.1 315.9 301.2
 Pennsylvania 39,228 306.4 305.4 313.3 315.9 315.1 315.0 326.6 355.5 355.0 366.5
 Nebraska 5,821 300.9 289.9 205.9 296.8 274.9 276.2 252.2 258.8 253.2 278.3
 Washington 22,377 293.9 315.3 304.5 303.5 284.4 285.8 277.9 298.1 294.6 313.5
 Wisconsin 17,070 293.2 299.0 319.9 306.9 305.8 291.1 271.1 283.9 236.9 248.9
 Ohio 34,269 293.2 294.8 297.5 307.7 291.9 285.7 275.7 301.5 307.4 314.7
 Hawaii 4,042 285.5 255.0 250.6 241.6 293.4 236.7 245.3 243.0 287.2 264.3
 North Dakota 2,169 284.6 284.1 281.3 252.1 239.4 270.4 256.3 245.7 247.0 229.5
 Oregon 11,995 284.4 290.4 281.8 268.8 259.8 259.2 242.9 247.1 247.6 251.4
 Mississippi 8,272 277.9 266.0 285.7 281.7 275.8 278.3 267.4 260.1 269.8 269.3
 Iowa 8,410 266.6 263.7 293.4 292.9 286.1 272.8 260.9 265.6 255.6 268.5
 Minnesota 13,332 236.4 221.2 238.3 241.9 242.6 229.1 223.2 230.9 221.2 235.7
 Utah 7,553 235.6 239.4 238.9 243.3 236.0 219.5 209.2 208.0 195.0 213.5
 Idaho 4,000 223.8 239.7 226.4 230.7 215.6 210.4 204.7 209.8 200.9 220.5
 Rhode Island 2,342 221.1 219.8 232.2 239.1 242.5 219.9 244.6 253.0 247.5 257.4
 Wyoming 1,258 217.4 213.8 237.5 244.7 222.1 195.4 197.7 201.3 219.3 197.9
 Kentucky 9,701 217.1 217.9 225.8 235.6 218.7 215.2 198.8 224.9 238.2 243.9
 Virginia 17,753 208.0 204.2 208.2 219.8 195.6 198.4 187.9 191.5 196.7 214.2
 New Jersey 18,375 206.9 208.6 228.8 243.5 255.4 260.9 285.6 290.1 308.4 307.5
 Puerto Rico 6,479 202.9 200.9 232.6 224.4 219.6 237.2 257.8 275.0 284.4 275.3
 Vermont 1,262 202.2 185.0 165.8 136.5 118.0 102.6 114.9 142.3 135.2 131.0
 Connecticut 6,546 183.6 209.6 228.0 227.7 218.5 238.5 254.5 283.5 272.8 282.0
 New Hampshire 2,074 152.5 177.6 198.7 199.8 199.3 197.7 199.6 215.0 188.0 167.4
 Maine 1,548 115.2 112.0 121.0 124.0 130.1 127.6 121.6 122.4 123.2 122.1
 United States 1,245,410 379.4 383.4 394.0 397.5 383.2 372.0 367.9 387.8 386.3 404.5

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c FBI — Crime in the U.S.
  2. ^ "Violent Crime". United States Bureau of Justice Statistics. Archived from the original on July 5, 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
  3. ^ "BKA, German federal crime statistics 2004 (German)" (PDF). Bka.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 21, 2007. Retrieved September 27, 2006.
  4. ^ "Crime in Canada, Canada Statistics". Archived from the original on August 6, 2008. Retrieved August 14, 2008.
  5. ^ Feasibility Study on Crime Comparisons Between Canada and the United States Archived July 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Maire Gannon, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada, Cat. no. 85F0035XIE, Accessed June 28, 2009
  6. ^ European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics Archived September 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine 2010, Fourth edition, English.wodc.nl
  7. ^ "By the Numbers: Is the UK really 5 times more violent than the US?". The Skeptical Libertarian. January 12, 2013. Archived from the original on October 6, 2017. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  8. ^ "Comparisons of Crime in OECD Countries" (PDF). civitas.org.uk. Civitas. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 24, 2020. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  9. ^ a b "abs.gov.au". 4510.0 - Recorded Crime - Victims, Australia, 2012. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  10. ^ a b "Crime in the US 2018 Table 16". ucr.fbi.gov. Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reporting. Archived from the original on September 19, 2020. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  11. ^ a b Morgan, Rachel; Oudekerk, Barbara. "2018 National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) Criminal Victimization, 2018" (PDF). Bureau of Justice Statistics. BJS. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 20, 2020. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  12. ^ "Crime in the US 2018 Table 16". ucr.fbi.gov. Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reporting. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  13. ^ Morgan, Rachel; Oudekerk, Barbara. "2018 National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) Criminal Victimization, 2018" (PDF). Bureau of Justice Statistics. BJS. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  14. ^ "Personal Safety, Australia, 2012". ABS.gov.au. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on October 10, 2020. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  15. ^ "Population, Population Change, and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2020 (NST-EST2020-alldata)". Census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 22, 2020. Retrieved 22 December 2020.