List of aircraft of World War II

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The List of aircraft of World War II includes all the aircraft used by those countries, which were at war during World War II from the period between their joining the conflict and the conflict ending for them. The date the aircraft entered service, or was first flown if the service date is unknown or it did not enter service follows the name, followed by the country of origin and major wartime users. Aircraft used for multiple roles are generally only listed under their primary role unless specialized versions were built for other roles. Aircraft used by neutral countries such as Spain, Switzerland and Sweden or countries which did no significant fighting such as most of those in South America (except Brazil), are not included.

Operational aircraft[edit]

Fighter aircraft[edit]

Biplane fighters[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Avia B-534 1935  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Slovakia
Avia BH-33 1927  Czechoslovakia Yugoslavia
Armstrong Whitworth Scimitar 1936  United Kingdom Norway
Blériot-SPAD S.510 1936  France
Boeing P-12 1930  USA Brazil, China, Philippines, Thailand
Bristol Bulldog 1929  United Kingdom Denmark, Finland
Curtiss Hawk II 1932  USA China
Curtiss Hawk III 1933  USA China, Thailand
Fiat CR.32 1934  Italy Italy, Hungary, China
Fiat CR.42 1939  Italy Italy, Belgium, Croatia, Hungary, Germany
Gloster Gamecock II/Kukko 1925  United Kingdom Finland
Gloster Gauntlet 1935  United Kingdom UK, Denmark, Finland
Gloster Gladiator/Sea Gladiator 1937  United Kingdom UK, Belgium, Finland, Greece, Iraq, Norway
Grumman Goblin[notes 1] 1933  USA Canada
Grumman F3F carrier fighter 1936  USA
Hawker Demon 1931  United Kingdom UK, Australia
Hawker Fury 1931  United Kingdom Yugoslavia, South Africa
Hawker Nimrod carrier fighter 1933  United Kingdom Denmark
Heinkel He 51 1935  Germany Germany, Bulgaria
IMAM Ro.44 floatplane fighter 1937  Italy
Kawasaki Ki-10[1] 1935  Japan
Kochyerigin DI-6 1934  Soviet Union
Koolhoven F.K.52 1939  Netherlands Netherlands, Finland
Prajadhipok 1929  Thailand
Polikarpov I-5 1931  Soviet Union
Polikarpov I-15 & I-15bis 1934  Soviet Union USSR, China, Finland
Polikarpov I-153 1939  Soviet Union USSR, China, Finland

Single-engined, single-seat monoplane fighters and fighter bombers[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Ambrosini SAI.207 1942  Italy
Ansaldo A.120 1925  Italy Italy, Lithuania
Arsenal VG-33 1940  France
Avia B-135 1941  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria
Bell P-39 Airacobra 1941  USA US, USSR, Australia, France, UK
Bell P-63 Kingcobra 1942  USA US, USSR
Bloch MB.150-157 1940  France France, Greece, Romania
Boeing P-26 Peashooter 1933  USA US, China, Philippines
Breda Ba.27 1933  Italy China
Brewster F2A Buffalo 1939  USA US, Finland, Netherlands, New Zealand, UK, Australia
CAC Boomerang[notes 2] 1943  Australia
Caudron C.714 1940  France France, Finland, Poland
Curtiss P-36 Hawk/Mohawk 1938  USA US, Brazil, Finland, France, Netherlands, Norway, Thailand, UK
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk/Tomahawk/Kittyhawk 1939  USA US, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Finland, New Zealand, South Africa, UK, USSR
Curtiss-Wright CW-21 Demon 1939  USA China, Netherlands
Dewoitine D.500/D.510 1935  France France, China
Dewoitine D.520 1940  France France, Bulgaria, Italy
Fiat G.50 1938  Italy Italy, Finland, Croatia
Fiat G.55 1943  Italy
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 1941  Germany Germany, Hungary, Romania
Focke-Wulf Ta 152 high altitude fighter 1945  Germany
Fokker D.XXI 1936  Netherlands Netherlands, Denmark, Finland
Grumman F4F/FM Wildcat/Martlet carrier fighter 1940  USA US, UK
Grumman F6F Hellcat/Gannet carrier fighter 1943  USA US, UK
Grumman F8F Bearcat carrier fighter[notes 3] 1945  USA
Hawker Hurricane/Sea Hurricane 1937  United Kingdom UK, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Greece, India, New Zealand, USSR
Hawker Tempest 1944  United Kingdom India, New Zealand, UK
Hawker Typhoon 1940  United Kingdom
Heinkel He 112 1937  Germany Germany, Hungary, Romania
IAR 80/IAR 81 1941  Romania
Ikarus IK-2 1935  Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Croatia
Kawanishi N1K/N1K-J 1943  Japan
Kawasaki Ki-61 1943  Japan
Kawasaki Ki-100 1945  Japan
Koolhoven F.K.58 1940  Netherlands Netherlands, France
Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-1 1940  Soviet Union
Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-3 1941  Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Lavochkin La-5 1942  Soviet Union
Lavochkin La-7 1944  Soviet Union
Loire 46 parasol monoplane 1936  France
Macchi C.200 1939  Italy
Macchi C.202 1941  Italy Italy, Croatia, Germany
Macchi C.205 1943  Italy Italy, Croatia, Germany
MÁVAG Héja 1941  Hungary
Messerschmitt Bf 109 1937  Germany Germany, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Finland, Hungary, Italy, Romania
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 1940  Soviet Union
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3 1941  Soviet Union
Mitsubishi A5M carrier fighter[notes 4] 1936  Japan
Mitsubishi A6M Zero carrier fighter 1940  Japan
Mitsubishi J2M interceptor 1942  Japan
Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 1939  France France, Croatia, Finland, Italy, Poland
Nakajima A6M2-N floatplane fighter 1942  Japan
Nakajima Ki-27 1937  Japan Japan, Manchukuo, Thailand
Nakajima Ki-43 1941  Japan Japan, Manchukuo, Thailand
Nakajima Ki-44 1942  Japan
Nakajima Ki-84 1943  Japan
North American P-51 Mustang 1942  USA US, UK, Australia, Canada, China, France, South Africa, USSR
North American P-64[notes 5] 1940  USA Peru, US
Polikarpov I-16 1934  Soviet Union USSR, China, Finland
PZL P.7 1933  Poland
PZL P.11 1934  Poland Poland, Romania
PZL P.24 1936  Poland Poland, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania
Reggiane Re.2000 1940  Italy Sweden, Hungary, Italy
Reggiane Re.2001 1941  Italy
Reggiane Re.2005 1943  Italy Italy, Germany
Republic P-43 Lancer 1941  USA US, Australia, China
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt 1942  USA US, UK, Brazil, Mexico, France, USSR
Rogožarski IK-3 1940  Yugoslavia
Seversky P-35 1937  USA
Supermarine Seafire carrier fighter 1942  United Kingdom
Supermarine Spitfire 1938  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada, France, India, Italy, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, US, USSR
VL Myrsky 1943  Finland
Vought F4U/FG Corsair carrier fighter 1942  USA US, UK, New Zealand
Vultee P-66 Vanguard 1941  USA US, China
Yakovlev Yak-1 1940  Soviet Union USSR, France
Yakovlev Yak-3 1944  Soviet Union USSR, France
Yakovlev Yak-7/Yak-7B 1942  Soviet Union USSR, France
Yakovlev Yak-9 1942  Soviet Union USSR, France

Heavy fighters (multi-engined or multi-seat) and night fighters[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Bell YFM-1 Airacuda[1] flying cruiser 1940  USA
Blackburn Roc turret fighter 1939  United Kingdom
Blackburn Skua fighter/dive bomber 1938  United Kingdom
Boulton Paul Defiant turret fighter 1939  United Kingdom
Bristol Beaufighter 1940  United Kingdom UK, Australia, South Africa, US
Bristol Blenheim night fighter 1937  United Kingdom Canada
de Havilland Mosquito night fighter/fighter bomber 1941  United Kingdom UK, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, US
Dornier Do 215 night fighter 1939  Germany Germany, Hungary
Dornier Do 217 night fighter 1941  Germany Germany, Italy
Dornier Do 335 1944  Germany
Douglas P-70 Havoc night fighter 1941  USA US, UK
Fairey Firefly fleet fighter/dive bomber 1941  United Kingdom
Fairey Fulmar fleet fighter 1940  United Kingdom
Focke-Wulf Ta 154 night fighter 1944  Germany
Fokker G.I 1939  Netherlands
Grumman F7F Tigercat carrier night fighter 1944  USA
Heinkel He 219 night fighter 1943  Germany
IMAM Ro.57 1943  Italy
Junkers Ju 88 night fighter 1940  Germany
Junkers Ju 388 night fighter 1944  Germany
Kawasaki Ki-45 night fighter 1942  Japan
Kawasaki Ki-102 twin-engine fighter 1945  Japan
Lockheed P-38 Lightning 1941  USA US, Australia, China
Messerschmitt Bf 110 1937  Germany Croatia, Hungary, Italy, Iraq, Romania
Messerschmitt Me 210 1943  Germany Germany, Hungary
Messerschmitt Me 410 1943  Germany Germany
Mitsubishi Ki-109 bomber interceptor 1945  Japan
Nakajima J1N night fighter/interceptor 1942  Japan
Northrop P-61 Black Widow night fighter 1944  USA
Petlyakov Pe-3 1941  Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Potez 630 1938  France France, Greece, Romania
Westland Welkin high altitude interceptor 1944  United Kingdom
Westland Whirlwind 1940  United Kingdom

Jet- and rocket- propelled fighters[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Bell P-59 Airacomet 1944  USA
Gloster Meteor 1944  United Kingdom
Heinkel He 162 1945  Germany
Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star 1945  USA
Messerschmitt Me 163 rocket interceptor 1944  Germany
Messerschmitt Me 262 1944  Germany
Ryan FR Fireball mixed power carrier fighter 1945  USA

Bomber and attack aircraft[edit]

Heavy bombers and maritime patrol[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Avro Lancaster 1942  United Kingdom UK, Canada, Australia
Avro Manchester[notes 6] 1940  United Kingdom
Blohm & Voss BV 142 maritime patrol[2] 1940  Germany
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress 1940  USA US, Canada, UK
Boeing B-29 Superfortress 1944  USA
Consolidated B-24/LB-30/PB4Y-1 Liberator 1940  USA US, Australia, Canada, UK
Consolidated B-32 Dominator 1942  USA
Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer maritime patrol 1943  USA
Farman F.221-223 1936  France
Focke-Wulf Fw 200 maritime patrol 1940  Germany
Handley Page Halifax 1940  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada, France
Heinkel He 177 1943  Germany
Petlyakov Pe-8 1940  Soviet Union
Piaggio P.108 1942  Italy Italy, Germany[3]
Short Stirling 1940  United Kingdom
Tupolev TB-3 1932  Soviet Union
Vickers Warwick 1942  United Kingdom UK, Polish exile, South Africa

Medium bombers[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Amiot 143 1936  France
Amiot 354 1940  France France, Germany
Arado Ar 234 jet bomber 1944  Germany
Arkhangelsky Ar-2 1940  Soviet Union
Armstrong Whitworth Whitley 1937  United Kingdom
Avia F.39 1932  Czechoslovakia
Avro Anson 1936  United Kingdom UK, Canada, Finland, Greece, Iraq
Blackburn Botha 1939  United Kingdom
Bloch MB.131 1938  France
Bloch MB.170 1940  France
Bloch MB.200 1935  France France, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Germany
Bloch MB.210 1937  France
Breda Ba.88 1938  Italy
Bristol Beaufort 1940  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa
Bristol Blenheim/Bolingbroke/Bisley[4] 1937  United Kingdom UK, Canada, Finland, Greece, France, Yugoslavia
Bristol Bombay bomber/transport 1939  United Kingdom
CANT Z.1007 1938  Italy
Caproni Ca.135 1937  Italy Italy, Hungary
Caproni Ca.309 1937  Italy Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary
Caproni Ca.310-Ca.314 1938  Italy Italy, Croatia, France, Hungary, Norway, Germany, Yugoslavia
Curtiss A-18 Shrike[notes 7] 1936  USA
de Havilland Mosquito[4] 1941  United Kingdom UK, Canada, Australia, Norway
Dornier Do 11[notes 8] 1932  Germany Bulgaria
Dornier Do 17 1937  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Finland, Yugoslavia
Dornier Do 215 1939  Germany
Dornier Do 217 1941  Germany Germany, Italy
Douglas A-20 Havoc/Boston 1941  USA US, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, UK, USSR
Douglas A-26 Invader 1944  USA
Douglas B-18 Bolo/Digby[notes 9] 1936  USA US, Brazil, Canada
Douglas B-23/UC-67 Dragon[notes 10] 1939  USA
Fiat BR.20[notes 11] 1938  Italy
FMA AeMB.2 1935  Argentina
Fokker T.V 1938  Netherlands
Handley Page Hampden 1938  United Kingdom UK, Canada, USSR
Heinkel He 111 1936  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, China, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia
IAR 79 1941  Romania
Ilyushin DB-3/Il-4 1938  Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Junkers Ju 86 1936  Germany Germany, South Africa
Junkers Ju 88 1938  Germany Germany, Finland, Italy, Romania
Junkers Ju 188 1943  Germany Germany, Hungary
Junkers Ju 388 1944  Germany
Kawasaki Ki-48 1940  Japan
Keystone B-3A[notes 12] 1926  USA Philippines
Kyushu Q1W maritime patrol 1945  Japan
Lioré et Olivier LeO 451 1939  France
Lockheed Hudson[notes 13] 1939  USA US, Brazil, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, UK
Lockheed PV Ventura/B-34 Lexington
and PV-2 Harpoon
[notes 14]
1942  USA US, Australia, Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, UK
Martin 139 & 166 (B-10 & B-12) 1934  USA US, China, Netherlands, Philippines, Thailand
Martin B-26 Marauder 1941  USA US, France, UK, South Africa
Martin Baltimore 1941  USA US, Australia France, Greece, Co-Belligerent Italy, South Africa, UK
Martin Maryland 1939  USA France, UK
Mitsubishi G3M 1937  Japan
Mitsubishi G4M 1941  Japan
Mitsubishi Ki-21 1938  Japan Japan, Thailand
Mitsubishi Ki-67 1942  Japan
Nakajima Ki-49 1938  Japan
North American B-25 Mitchell 1941  USA US, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Netherlands, UK, USSR
Petlyakov Pe-2 1941  Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Potez 540 1934  France
PZL.37 Łoś 1938  Poland Poland, Romania, Germany
Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 trimotor 1937  Italy Italy, Iraq, Romania, Yugoslavia, UK
Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 trimotor 1935  Italy
Savoia-Marchetti SM.84 trimotor 1941  Italy
Sukhoi Su-2 1937  Soviet Union
Tupolev SB/Avia B.71 1934  Soviet Union USSR, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, Finland
Tupolev TB-1 1929  Soviet Union
Tupolev Tu-2 1944  Soviet Union
Vickers Type 264 Valentia bomber/transport 1934  United Kingdom
Vickers Wellington 1938  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada
Yermolayev Yer-2 1941  Soviet Union
Yokosuka P1Y 1945  Japan

Light bombers, tactical reconnaissance and observation aircraft[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aero A.32[notes 15] 1928  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Finland
Aero A.100 1933  Czechoslovakia
Aero A.304 1937  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany
ANF Les Mureaux 113, 115, 117 1933  France
Armstrong Whitworth Atlas[5] 1927  United Kingdom Canada
Blackburn Ripon[5] 1929  United Kingdom Finland
Blackburn Shark 1935  United Kingdom UK, Canada
Boripatra 1927  Thailand
Breda Ba.64 1937  Italy
Breda Ba.65 1937  Italy Italy, Iraq
Breguet 19 1924  France France, Belgium, Yugoslavia, Croatia, Poland
Breguet 270 Series 1930  France France, China
Breguet 691, 693, 695 1939  France
Curtiss A-12 Shrike[1] 1933  USA
Curtiss O-52 Owl 1940  USA US, USSR
DAR-3 Garvan 1937  Bulgaria
Douglas O-43 1933  USA
Douglas O-46 1936  USA US, Philippines
Fairey Battle 1937  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Greece
Fairey Fox 1932  United Kingdom Belgium
Fairey Gordon 1931  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Fairey IIIF[notes 16] 1926  United Kingdom UK, Greece
Focke-Wulf Fw 189 1941  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania
Fokker C.V 1924  Netherlands Netherlands, Denmark, Finland, Norway
Fokker C.VIII 1928  Netherlands
Fokker C.X 1932  Netherlands Netherlands, Finland
Hawker Hart 1930  United Kingdom UK, Finland
Hawker Audax, Nisr & Hartebees 1931  United Kingdom UK, India, Iraq, Persia, South Africa
Hawker Hector 1936  United Kingdom
Hawker Hind 1935  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Hawker Horsley/Dantorp 1927  United Kingdom Greece, Denmark
Heinkel He 45 1931  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary
Heinkel He 46 1931  Germany Germany, Hungary
Heinkel He 50 1935  Germany
Henschel Hs 123 1936  Germany
Henschel Hs 126 1937  Germany Germany, Greece
Henschel Hs 129 1938  Germany
IAR 37/38/39 1938  Romania
Ilyushin Il-2 1941  Soviet Union
Ilyushin Il-10 1944  Soviet Union
IMAM Ro.37 1935  Italy Italy, Hungary
Junkers Ju 87 1937  Germany Germany, Bulgaria
Kaproni Bulgarski KB-11 1941  Bulgaria
Kawasaki Ki-32 1938  Japan Japan, Manchukuo
Kharkov KhAI-5/Neman R-10 1936  Soviet Union
Letov Š-16 1928  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Latvia, Turkey
Letov Š-328 1934  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Slovakia
Lublin R-XIII 1932  Poland Poland, Romania
Mitsubishi Ki-30 1938  Japan Japan, Thailand
Mitsubishi Ki-51 1939  Japan
North American A-36 Apache dive bomber[notes 17] 1942  USA
North American O-47 1934  USA
Northrop/Douglas A-17/8-A/Nomad 1935  USA US, South Africa, Canada, France, Iraq, Netherlands, Norway, UK
Polikarpov Po-2 1929  Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Polikarpov R-5 1931  Soviet Union
Polikarpov R-Z 1935  Soviet Union USSR
Potez 25[notes 18] 1925  France France, Yugoslavia, Poland
PZL.23/43 Karaś 1936  Poland Poland, Romania, Bulgaria
PZL.43 1936  Poland Poland, Germany, Bulgaria
Reggiane Re.2002 1941  Italy Italy, Germany
Rogožarski R-100 1938  Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Croatia
Renard R-31 1935  Belgium
RWD-14 Czapla 1939  Poland Poland, Romania
Saab 17 1940  Sweden Denmark
Savoia-Marchetti SM.85 1939  Italy
Tachikawa Ki-36 1938  Japan Japan, Thailand
Vickers Vildebeest 1933  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Vickers Wellesley 1937  United Kingdom
VL Kotka 1931  Finland
Vought O2U & O3U Corsair 1926  USA US, Brazil, China, Thailand
Vultee A-31/A-35/Vengeance dive bomber 1942  USA US, Australia, Brazil, France, India, UK
Vultee V-11/V-12/A-19/BSh-1[notes 19] 1939  USA US, Brazil, China, USSR
Weiss WM-21 Sólyom 1938  Hungary
Westland Lysander[4] 1936  United Kingdom UK, Canada, France, Finland, India, US
Westland Wapiti[5] 1928  United Kingdom Australia, Canada, India
Westland Wallace 1933  United Kingdom
Yakovlev Yak-4 1941  Soviet Union

Carrier-based naval bombers[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aichi B7A torpedo/dive bomber 1945  Japan
Aichi D1A dive bomber[1] 1934  Japan
Aichi D3A dive bomber 1937  Japan
Blackburn Skua fighter/dive bomber 1938  United Kingdom
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer/Bermuda dive bomber 1941  USA UK
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf torpedo bomber 1944  USA
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver/A-25 Shrike dive bomber 1943  USA Australia, UK
Curtiss SBC Helldiver/Cleveland dive bomber 1938  USA France, UK
Douglas DT torpedo bomber[notes 20] 1921  USA Norway
Douglas SBD Dauntless/A-24 Banshee dive bomber 1940  USA New Zealand
Douglas TBD Devastator torpedo bomber 1935  USA
Fairey Albacore torpedo/dive bomber 1940  United Kingdom Canada
Fairey Barracuda torpedo/dive bomber 1942  United Kingdom
Fairey Swordfish torpedo bomber 1936  United Kingdom Canada
Fieseler Fi 167 torpedo/reconnaissance bomber 1940  Germany Croatia, Romania
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger torpedo bomber 1942  USA UK, New Zealand
Loire-Nieuport LN.401 dive bomber 1939  France
Mitsubishi B5M torpedo bomber 1937  Japan
Nakajima B5N torpedo bomber 1938  Japan
Nakajima B6N torpedo bomber 1942  Japan
Naval Aircraft Factory SBN dive bomber 1941  USA
Vought SB2U Vindicator/Chesapeake dive bomber 1937  USA UK, France
Yokosuka B4Y torpedo bomber 1936  Japan
Yokosuka D4Y dive bomber/night fighter 1942  Japan

Strategic and photo-reconnaissance aircraft[edit]

Strategic and photo-reconnaissance aircraft were frequently specially modified variants of high performance aircraft, usually fighters or bombers.

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Arado Ar 234 reconnaissance/bomber 1944  Germany
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress 1940  USA
Consolidated F-7 Liberator 1940  USA
de Havilland Mosquito PR variants 1941  United Kingdom Canada, US
Dornier Do 17Z-3 1937  Germany Germany, Yugoslavia
Dornier Do 215B-0/1/4 1939  Germany
Dornier Do 217A-0 1941  Germany
Douglas F-3 Havoc 1941  USA
Fairey Seal 1930  United Kingdom Argentina, Chile, Latvia, Peru, UK
Fiat CR.25 1940  Italy
Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-3/U4, A-4/U4 & A-5/U4 1941  Germany
Focke-Wulf Ta 152H-1-0 1945  Germany
Heinkel He 70K/170 1937  Germany Hungary
Junkers Ju 86P 1936  Germany
Junkers Ju 88D & T 1939  Germany
Junkers Ju 188D & F 1943  Germany
Lockheed F-4 and F-5 Lightning 1941  USA US, France, Italy
Messerschmitt Bf 109E-5/F-6/G-4 1937  Germany
Messerschmitt Bf 110C-5/E-3/F-3 1937  Germany
Messerschmitt Me 210B 1943  Germany
Messerschmitt Me 262A-1a/U3 1944  Germany
Messerschmitt Me 410A-1/U-1, A-2/U-1 & A-3 1943  Germany
Mitsubishi Ki-15/C5M 1937  Japan
Mitsubishi Ki-46 1941  Japan
Nakajima C6N 1944  Japan
North American F-6 Mustang 1942  USA US, France
Potez 63.11 1939  France
PWS-10[notes 21] 1932  Poland
Supermarine Spitfire PR variants 1938  United Kingdom UK, US, USSR and others
Yakovlev Yak-9R 1942  Soviet Union
Yokosuka R2Y 1945  Japan


Flying boats[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aichi E11A 1937  Japan
Aichi H9A 1942  Japan
Beriev MBR-2 1935  Soviet Union
Blohm & Voss BV 138 1940  Germany
Blohm & Voss BV 222 1941  Germany
Boeing 314 Clipper/C-98 1939  USA
Breguet 521 Bizerte & 530 Saigon 1935  France France, Germany
CAMS 37 1926  France
CAMS 55 1930  France
Canadian Vickers Vancouver 1930  Canada
Canadian Vickers Vedette 1925  Canada
CANT Z.501 1935  Italy Italy, Romania
Chyetverikov MDR-6 1941  Soviet Union
Consolidated PBY/PBN/PBV/OA-10 Catalina/Canso[4] 1935  USA US, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Norway, UK, USSR
Consolidated P2Y 1929  USA Argentina, Columbia, Japan, US
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado 1937  USA US, UK
Dornier Do 18 1938  Germany
Dornier Do 24 1937  Germany Germany, Australia, Netherlands
Dornier Do 26 1938  Germany
Dornier Do J 1922  Germany Germany, Denmark
Douglas Dolphin 1931  USA US, Australia, China
Grumman J2F Duck 1936  USA
Grumman J4F Widgeon/Gosling 1940  USA US, Brazil, UK
Grumman JRF Goose 1937  USA US, Brazil, Canada, UK
Hall PH 1931  USA
Ikarus IO 1926  Yugoslavia
Ikarus ŠM 1924  Yugoslavia
Kawanishi E11K 1937  Japan
Kawanishi H6K 1938  Japan
Kawanishi H8K 1942  Japan
Latécoère 300 1932  France
Latécoère 521-523 1935  France
Latécoère 611[2] 1940  France
Latécoère 631 1942  France
Loire 70 1937  France
Loire 130 1937  France
Loire 501 1933  France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-47 1937  France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-242 1929  France France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-246 1939  France France, Germany
Macchi M.C.94 1936  Italy
Macchi M.C.100 1940  Italy
Martin JRM Mars 1943  USA
Martin M-130 1934  USA
Martin PBM Mariner 1940  USA US, UK, Australia, Netherlands
Potez 452 1936  France
Potez 141[2] 1938  France France, Germany
Potez-CAMS 161 1938  France France, Germany
RAS-1 Getta 1925  Romania
Saro Cutty Sark 1930  United Kingdom UK, China, New Zealand
Saro Lerwick 1940  United Kingdom UK, Canada
Saro London 1936  United Kingdom UK, Canada
Savoia-Marchetti S.55 1926  Italy Italy
Shavrov Sh-2 1934  Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Short Empire 1936  United Kingdom UK, Australia, New Zealand
Short S.26 1940  United Kingdom
Short Singapore 1935  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Short Sunderland 1938  United Kingdom UK, Australia, France, New Zealand, Norway, Canada
Sikorsky JRS-1/OA-8 1935  USA
SNCASE SE.200[notes 22] 1942  France Germany
Supermarine Sea Otter 1942  United Kingdom
Supermarine Stranraer[4] 1937  United Kingdom UK, Canada
Supermarine Walrus 1935  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada, France, New Zealand
Tupolev MTB-1 1929  Soviet Union
Yokosuka H5Y 1939  Japan


Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aichi E13A 1941  Japan Japan, Thailand
Aichi E16A 1944  Japan
Aichi M6A[6] 1945  Japan
Arado Ar 95 1936  Germany
Arado Ar 196 1938  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Finland, Norway
Arado Ar 199 trainer 1939  Germany
Arado Ar 231[6] 1941  Germany Germany
Beriev Be-2 1938  Soviet Union
Beriev Be-4 1942  Soviet Union
Besson MB.411[6] 1935  France
CANT Z.506 1936  Italy
CANT Z.515 1940  Italy
Curtiss SC Seahawk 1944  USA
Curtiss SO3C Seamew 1942  USA US, UK
Curtiss SOC Seagull 1935  USA
Dornier Do 22 1938  Germany Germany, Finland, Yugoslavia, Greece
Fairey Seafox 1937  United Kingdom
Fairey Swordfish 1936  United Kingdom
Farman NC.470 1938  France
Fiat RS.14 1941  Italy
Fokker C.XI-W 1935  Netherlands
Fokker C.XIV-W 1937  Netherlands
Fokker T.IV 1927  Netherlands
Fokker T.VIII 1938  Netherlands Netherlands, Germany, UK
Gourdou-Leseurre GL-810-813 HY 1930  France
Gourdou-Leseurre GL-832 HY 1930  France
Heinkel HE 8[notes 23] 1927  Germany Denmark
Heinkel He 42 floatplane trainer 1929  Germany Germany, Bulgaria
Heinkel He 59 1935  Germany Germany, Finland
Heinkel He 60 1933  Germany Germany, Bulgaria
Heinkel He 114 1939  Germany Germany, Romania
Heinkel He 115 1939  Germany Germany, Finland, Norway, UK
IMAM Ro.43 1935  Italy
IMAM Ro.44 1936  Italy
Kawanishi E7K 1935  Japan
Kawanishi N1K floatplane trainer 1944  Japan
Latécoère 290 1934  France
Latécoère 298 1938  France France, Germany
Levasseur PL.15 1933  France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-43 1940  France
Lublin R.VIII floatplane trainer 1928  Poland Poland
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.8 floatplane trainer 1924  Norway
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.10 1929  Norway
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.11 floatplane trainer 1932  Norway Norway, Finland
Mitsubishi F1M 1941  Japan
Nakajima A6M2-N 1942  Japan
Nakajima E8N 1935  Japan Japan, Thailand
Northrop Delta 1936  USA Canada
Northrop N-3PB 1940  USA Norway
Rogožarski SIM-XII-H 1938  Yugoslavia
Rogožarski SIM-XIV-H 1939  Yugoslavia
VL Sääski floatplane trainer 1928  Finland
Vought OS2U Kingfisher 1938  USA US, Australia, UK
Watanabe E9W[6] 1938  Japan
Watanabe K6W/WS-103 1938  Japan Japan, Thailand
Yokosuka E14Y[6] 1941  Japan
Yokosuka K4Y 1933  Japan

Transport and utility aircraft[edit]

Passenger and cargo aircraft[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Arado Ar 232 1943  Germany
Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle 1940  United Kingdom UK, USSR
Avro Lancastrian 1945  United Kingdom
Avro York 1944  United Kingdom
Boeing 247/UC-73 1933  USA US, UK, Canada
Boeing 307/UC-75 1940  USA
Boeing C-108 Flying Fortress 1943  USA US
Bristol Buckingham[notes 24] 1943  United Kingdom
Budd RB Conestoga 1944  USA
Caproni Ca.111 1932  Italy
Caproni Ca.133 1935  Italy
Caproni Ca.148 1938  Italy Italy, Germany
Consolidated C-87/C-109 Liberator Express 1942  USA US, UK
Curtiss-Wright C-46/R5C Commando 1941  USA
de Havilland Albatross 1938  United Kingdom
Douglas C-47/R4D Skytrain/Dakota 1941  USA US, Brazil, Canada, France, India, New Zealand, UK
Douglas C-54/R5D Skymaster 1942  USA US, UK
Douglas DC-2/C-32 1934  USA US, Australia, Finland, Japan, UK
Douglas DC-3 1935  USA Canada, US, Japan
Douglas DC-5/C-110/R3D 1940  USA US, Australia, Japan
Fairchild C-82 Packet 1944  USA US
Farman F.224 1932  France
Fiat G.12 1941  Italy
Fiat G.18 1936  Italy
FMA I.Ae.20 El Boyero 1940  Argentina
Fokker F.VII 1925  Netherlands Netherlands, Finland, Poland
Fokker Super Universal/Nakajima Ki-6/C2N 1931  USA Japan, Manchukuo
Ford Trimotor 1926  USA Australia
Gotha Go 244[notes 25] 1942  Germany
Handley Page H.P.54 Harrow bomber/transport[notes 26] 1937  United Kingdom UK, Canada
Handley Page Halifax[7] 1940  United Kingdom
Heinkel He 116 mailplane 1938  Germany Germany
Junkers G 24 1925  Germany Greece
Junkers G 31 1926  Germany Germany, Australia
Junkers Ju 52 1932  Germany Germany, Greece, Bulgaria, Norway
Junkers Ju 90 1938  Germany
Junkers Ju 252 1942  Germany
Junkers Ju 290 1942  Germany
Junkers Ju 352 1944  Germany
Kawanishi H6K2-L/H6K-3/H6K4-L 1936  Japan
Kawanishi H8K2-L 1941  Japan
Kawasaki Ki-56 (improved Lockheed 14) 1940  Japan
Kokusai Ki-59 1941  Japan
Lisunov Li-2 (modified licence-built DC-3) 1939  Soviet Union
Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra 1937  USA US, UK, Canada, Japan, South Africa
Lockheed C-60 Lodestar 1937  USA US, Australia, Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, UK
Lockheed C-69 Constellation 1943  USA
Messerschmitt Me 323 1943  Germany
Mitsubishi G6M1-L2 1941  Japan
Mitsubishi Ki-20 1932  Germany,
Mitsubishi Ki-57/L4M 1942  Japan
Mitsubishi L3Y 1935  Japan
Nakajima Ki-4[8] 1934  Japan Japan, Manchukuo
Nakajima Ki-34/L1N1 1936  Japan
Percival Petrel 1937  United Kingdom
Potez 62 1935  France
Potez 650 1937  France
PWS-24bis 1933  Poland Poland, Romania
Savoia-Marchetti S.73 1934  Italy Italy, Belgium, UK
Savoia-Marchetti S.74 1934  Italy
Savoia-Marchetti SM.75 1938  Italy Italy, Hungary, Germany
Savoia-Marchetti SM.82 1940  Italy Italy, Germany
Savoia-Marchetti S.83 1938  Italy Italy, Belgium
Short Stirling[7][notes 27] 1943  United Kingdom
Showa/Nakajima L2D (modified licence-built DC-3) 1939  Japan
Siebel Si 204 1942  Germany
Tachikawa Ki-54 1940  Japan
Tupolev ANT-9 1931  Soviet Union USSR, Turkey
Yokosuka L3Y 1935  Japan

Communications, liaison and light transport aircraft[edit]

Many aircraft in this category were pressed into service and some served in very small numbers. The country of origin (listed first) may not itself have used it in a military capacity, and the date represents its original entry into service, not when it was first used by a military organization.

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aeronca L-3 1941  USA US, Brazil
Airspeed Envoy 1934  United Kingdom UK, Finland, South Africa
Ambrosini S.7 1939  Italy Italy
AVIA FL.3 1939  Italy Italy, Croatia, Germany
Avro 652 1935  United Kingdom UK
Barkley-Grow T8P-1 1937  USA Canada
Beechcraft 17 Staggerwing/UC-43 Traveler 1933  USA US, Australia, Brazil, UK, New Zealand
Beechcraft Model 18/C-45/JRB/SNB/AT-7/AT-11 Expeditor[notes 28] 1937  USA US, Brazil, Canada, France, UK
Beneš-Mráz Be-555 Super Bibi 1936  Czechoslovakia
Bloch MB.81 ambulance aircraft 1935  France
Bloch MB.120 mailplane 1935  France
Breda Ba.44 1934  Italy
CAP CAP-4 Paulista 1935  Brazil
Caproni Ca.164 1938  Italy Italy, France
Caudron C.272 1931  France
Caudron C.280/C.400/C.410 1932  France
Caudron C.440 Goéland 1934  France France, Belgium, Germany
Caudron C.480 Frégate 1935  France
Caudron C.600 Aiglon 1935  France
Caudron C.635 Simoun 1935  France
Cessna 165 1935  USA US, Australia, Finland
de Havilland DH.50 1923  United Kingdom Australia
de Havilland Dragon 1934  United Kingdom UK, Iraq, New Zealand
de Havilland Dragon Rapide/Dominie 1934  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Belgium, Denmark, Iraq, New Zealand, US
de Havilland Dragonfly 1936  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Denmark, Iraq
de Havilland Express 1934  United Kingdom UK, Australia, New Zealand
de Havilland Flamingo 1939  United Kingdom
de Havilland Fox Moth 1932  United Kingdom UK, Australia, New Zealand
de Havilland Leopard Moth 1933  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Belgium
de Havilland Moth Minor 1937  United Kingdom UK, Australia, New Zealand
de Havilland Puss Moth 1930  United Kingdom UK, Canada, Iraq, New Zealand
Fairchild 24 Argus/UC-61 Forwarder 1932  USA US, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Thailand, UK
Fairchild 71 1926  USA Canada
Fairchild FC-2 1926  USA Canada
Fairchild Super 71 1934  Canada
Farman F.190 1928  France
Farman F.402 1934  France
Fieseler Fi 156 Storch 1936  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Finland, Yugoslavia
Foster Wikner Wicko 1936  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Fleet Freighter 1938  Canada
Hanriot H.182 1934  France
Harlow C-80/PJC-2 1937  USA US, UK
Howard UC-70/GH Nightingale 1939  USA
IMAM Ro.63 1940  Italy
Junkers F 13[notes 29] 1920  Germany Finland
Junkers W 34 & K 43 1926  Germany Germany, Australia, Finland, Norway
Interstate Cadet/L-6 Grasshopper 1942  USA US, Norway
Kokusai Ki-76 1942  Japan
Laville PS-89 1935  Soviet Union
Lockheed UC-101 Vega 1928  USA US, Australia
Lockheed UC-85 Orion 1931  USA
Lockheed 10/C-36 Electra 1935  USA US, Canada, UK
Lockheed 12/UC-40 Electra Junior 1936  USA US, Canada, Netherlands, UK
Lublin R-XVI 1932  Poland Poland
Miles Falcon 1934  United Kingdom UK, Australia
Miles Merlin 1935  United Kingdom UK, Australia
Miles Mentor 1938  United Kingdom
Miles Messenger 1942  United Kingdom
Miles Monarch 1938  United Kingdom UK, Belgium
Miles Whitney Straight 1936  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Mitsubishi K3M 1931  Japan
Noorduyn Norseman 1935  Canada Canada, Australia, Brazil, US
Northrop Delta[4] 1933  USA Canada, Australia
Moskalyev SAM-5 1935  Soviet Union
Percival Gull 1932  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Percival Proctor 1939  United Kingdom
Percival Vega Gull 1935  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Belgium, New Zealand
Piper J-3, L-4, O-59 and NE-1 1938  USA US, Brazil
Piper J-4 1938  USA US, UK
Porterfield 35 1935  USA US, New Zealand
Potez 29 1927  France
Potez 56 1934  France
Potez 58 1934  France
Rearwin Sportster 1935  USA US, New Zealand, Thailand
SAI KZ II 1937  Denmark
SAIMAN 202 1939  Italy Italy, Croatia
Shcherbakov Shche-2 1943  Soviet Union
Polikarpov U-2 1927  Soviet Union
Putilov Stal-3 1933  Soviet Union
RWD 10 1935  Poland Poland
RWD 13 1935  Poland Poland, Romania
RWD 15 1937  Poland Romania
Spartan UC-71 Executive 1936  USA US, UK, Canada, China
Stinson L-1/O-49 Vigilant 1941  USA US, UK
Stinson L-5 Sentinel 1942  USA US, UK
Stinson UC-81 Reliant 1933  USA US, Australia, Norway, Philippines, UK
Stinson Voyager 1939  USA US, Canada, France
Taylorcraft Auster 1942  United Kingdom UK, Australia
Taylorcraft L-2 1941  USA
Tugan Gannet 1935  Australia
Tupolev PS-35 1937  Soviet Union
Waco UC-72 (and other Waco variants) 1930s  USA US, Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Norway, UK
Yakovlev Yak-6 1942  Soviet Union

Transport gliders[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Airspeed Horsa 1942  United Kingdom UK, US
Antonov A-7 1942  Soviet Union
DFS 230 1938  Germany
de Havilland Australia DHA-G 1942  Australia
General Aircraft Hamilcar 1942  United Kingdom
Gotha Go 242 1941  Germany
Gribovski G-11 1941  Soviet Union
Kokusai Ku-8 1941  Japan
Kolesnikov-Tsibin KC-20 1942  Soviet Union
Maeda Ku-1 1941  Japan
Messerschmitt Me 321 Gigant 1941  Germany
Slingsby Hengist 1942  United Kingdom
Waco CG-3 1942  USA
Waco CG-4/Hadrian 1942  USA US, UK
Waco CG-13 1945  USA
Waco CG-15 1943  USA


Primary trainers are used for basic flight training. Advanced trainers were used for familiarization with the more complex systems and higher speeds of combat aircraft, and for air combat or aerobatic training. Multi-engined trainers were used to ready pilots for flying multi-engine bombers and transports, and to train navigators, bombardiers, gunners and flight engineers. Most nations used obsolete combat types for advanced training, although large scale training programs such as the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP) required more aircraft than were available and aircraft were designed and built specifically to fulfill training roles. Intermediate trainers were used in several countries to reduce the attrition associated with the step up to advanced trainers but additional hours at the primary stage reduced the requirement.

Glider trainers[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
DFS SG 38 Schulgleiter primary training glider 1938  Germany Germany, Japan and many others
General Aircraft Hotspur assault glider trainer 1940  United Kingdom
Laister-Kauffman TG-4 1941  USA
Slingsby Kirby Cadet 1935  United Kingdom
Schweizer TG-3 1942  USA
Schweizer TG-2/LNS-1 1938  USA
Schneider Grunau Baby 1931  Germany Germany, Denmark

Primary trainers[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
ANBO IV 1934  Lithuania
Avro 504 1913  United Kingdom Greece, Thailand
Avro 626 1930  United Kingdom UK, Belgium, Canada, Greece, New Zealand
Avro 643 Cadet 1932  United Kingdom UK, Australia, China
Avro Tutor 1933  United Kingdom UK, Canada, Denmark
Beneš-Mráz Be-50 Beta-Minor 1935  Czechoslovakia Germany, Slovakia
Blackburn B-2 1932  United Kingdom
Boeing-Stearman Model 73/75/PT-13/PT-17/PT-18/NS/N2S Kaydet 1934  USA US, Brazil, Canada, China, Philippines
Breda Ba.25 & Ba.28 1932  Italy Italy, Hungary, China, Norway
Bücker Bü 131, Ki-86, K9W1 1935  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia and others
Bücker Bü 181 1940  Germany Germany, Bulgaria
CAC Wackett 1941  Australia
Caproni Ca.164 1938  Italy Italy, France
DAR 9 Siniger 1940  Bulgaria Bulgaria, Yugoslavia
de Havilland DH.60 Moth 1925  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Denmark, Finland, Iraq, New Zealand, Norway
de Havilland Tiger Moth[notes 30] 1932  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, India, Iraq, New Zealand, Norway
Fairchild PT-19/23/26 Cornell 1940  USA US, Brazil, Canada, Norway
Fleet Fawn 1931  Canada Canada, Brazil
Fleet 10/16/Finch 1939  Canada Canada, China, Brazil, Romania
Focke-Wulf Fw 44 1932  Germany Germany, Brazil, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, Finland, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia
Fokker S.IV 1924  Netherlands
Fokker S.IX 1937  Netherlands
Gotha Go 145 1935  Germany
Hanriot H.43 1928  France
Hanriot H.16 1930  France
Heinkel He 72 1933  Germany Germany, Bulgaria
Klemm Kl 25 1928  Germany Germany, Norway
Koolhoven F.K.51 1935  Netherlands
Letov Š-218 1930  Czechoslovakia Finland
Meyers OTW CPTP trainer 1936  USA
Miles Hawk 1933  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Miles Magister 1937  United Kingdom UK, Norway
Morane-Saulnier MS.230 1930  France France, Germany, Greece
Morane-Saulnier MS.315 1932  France
Mráz Zobor I[9] 1942  Slovakia
Naval Aircraft Factory N3N Canary 1936  USA
North American NA-16 1935  USA China, Brazil
North American BT-9/BT-14/NJ 1936  USA
Piper J-4 1938  USA
Ryan PT-16/20/21/22 Recruit 1934  USA US, Australia, Netherlands
RWD 8 1934  Poland Poland, Latvia, Romania, Hungary, Yugoslavia
RWD 17 1938  Poland Poland, Romania
Polikarpov Po-2 1929  Soviet Union
Praga E-39 1931  Czechoslovakia
Repülőgépgyár Levente II 1943  Hungary
SAIMAN 200 1940  Italy Italy, Croatia, Germany
Spartan NP-1 1940  USA
Tachikawa Ki-9 1935  Japan
Tachikawa Ki-17 1936  Japan
Timm N2T Tutor 1943  USA
VL Sääski 1928  Finland
VL Viima 1935  Finland
Vultee BT-13/15/SNV Valiant 1939  USA US, Brazil
Waco UPF-7/PT-14 CPTP trainer 1930  USA
Weiss WM-10 Ölyv 1933  Hungary
Yokosuka K5Y 1934  Japan
Yakovlev UT-2 1937  Soviet Union
Zlín Z-XII 1935  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Germany, Slovakia, UK, Yugoslavia

Advanced trainers[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Ambrosini S.7 1943  Italy
Ambrosini SAI.10 Grifone 1940  Italy
Arado Ar 65[8] 1931  Germany
Arado Ar 66 1933  Germany
Arado Ar 68[8] 1936  Germany
Arado Ar 96 1939  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania
Avia B.122 1934  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Romania, Slovakia, USSR
Bücker Bü 133 1938  Germany Germany, Yugoslavia
CAC Wirraway 1939  Australia
Kaproni Bulgarski KB-2/3/4/5 1931  Bulgaria
Caudron C.690 1939  France
Curtiss-Wright CW-22/SNC Falcon 1942  USA US, Netherlands
Focke-Wulf Fw 56 1935  Germany
Fokker D.XVII[8] 1932  Netherlands
Hawker Hart Trainer 1930  United Kingdom
I.Ae. 22 DL 1944  Argentina
IMAM Ro.41 1935  Italy
Koolhoven F.K.56 1938  Netherlands Netherlands, Belgium
Messerschmitt Bf 108 1935  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, and many others
Miles Master 1939  United Kingdom
Mitsubishi A5M4-K[10] 1936  Japan
Mitsubishi A6M2-K Zero[10] 1940  Japan
Morane-Saulnier M.S.225[8] 1933  France
Muniz M-9 1937  Brazil
Mansyu Ki-79 1937  Japan
Nardi FN.305 1938  Italy Italy, Romania, Hungary, France
Nardi FN.316 1942  Italy Italy, Germany
Nieuport-Delage NiD 62[8] 1931  France
North American NA-16 1935  USA France, Germany
North American NA-64 Yale 1940  USA Canada, France, Germany
North American T-6/SNJ Texan/Harvard[4] 1935  USA US, Brazil, Canada, India, New Zealand, Norway, UK and others
Orlogsværftet O-Maskinen 1926  Denmark
Praga BH-41 1931  Czechoslovakia
PTO-4 1938  Estonia Estonia, Germany
PWS-26 1937  Poland Poland, Romania, Germany
Rogožarski PVT 1934  Yugoslavia
Rogožarski R-100 1939  Yugoslavia
Rogožarski SIM-Х 1937  Yugoslavia
Romano R.82 1937  France
SET 7 1931  Romania
Stampe et Vertongen SV.5 Tornado 1933  Belgium Belgium, Latvia
Tachikawa Ki-55 1940  Japan Japan, Thailand
Svenska Aero Jaktfalken 1930  Sweden Finland
THK-2 1944  Turkey
VEF I-12 1935  Latvia
VL Tuisku 1935  Finland
VL Pyry 1941  Finland
Yakovlev UT-1 1936  Soviet Union USSR, China
Zmaj Fizir FN 1931  Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Croatia, Italy
Zmaj Fizir FP-2 1936  Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Croatia, Italy

Bomber trainers, target tugs and misc. trainers[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Airspeed Oxford 1937  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Norway
Avro Anson[notes 31] 1936  United Kingdom
UK, Canada, France, US
Blackburn Botha bomber trainer & target tug 1939  United Kingdom
Bristol Buckmaster 1945  United Kingdom
Beechcraft AT-10 Wichita 1942  USA
Cessna AT-8/AT-17/UC-78/JRC Bobcat/Crane 1939  USA US, Brazil, Canada, France
Consolidated AT-22/TB-24 Liberator 1943  USA
CANT Z.1015 torpedo bomber trainer 1939  Italy
Curtiss AT-9 1941  USA
De Havilland Dominie radio trainer 1940  United Kingdom
Fairchild AT-21 Gunner 1943  USA
Fairey IIIF target tug 1926  United Kingdom
Fairey Battle bombing/gunnery trainer/target tug 1939  United Kingdom Australia, Canada, South Africa, UK
Fairey Gordon advanced trainer/target tug 1931  United Kingdom Australia, UK
Fleet Fort intermediate trainer/radio trainer 1941  Canada
Focke-Wulf Fw 58 1937  Germany Germany, Brazil, Bulgaria, Croatia, Finland, Hungary, Netherlands, Romania
Hanriot H.232 1940  France France, Finland
Hawker Henley target tug 1938  United Kingdom
Kyushu K10W intermediate trainer/target tug 1943  Japan
Kyushu K11W bomber crew trainer 1943  Japan
Lockheed AT-18 Hudson 1938  USA US
LWS-6/PZL.30 Żubr[notes 32] 1938  Poland
Martin AT-23/TB-26 1940  USA
Miles Martinet target tug 1942  United Kingdom
Miles Mentor radio trainer 1938  United Kingdom
Mitsubishi K7M 1931  Japan
Nardi FN.315 intermediate trainer 1938  Italy
North American AT-24/TB-25 Mitchell 1941  USA
North American NA-64 Yale intermediate/radio trainer 1940  USA Canada
Percival Proctor radio trainer 1939  United Kingdom
Potez 56 crew trainer/target tug 1936  France
Stinson AT-19 Reliant 1933  USA US, UK
Tachikawa Ki-54 1941  Japan
Westland Wallace radio trainer & target tug 1933  United Kingdom
Yokosuka K4Y floatplane trainer 1933  Japan


Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Cierva C.30 autogyro 1934  United Kingdom UK, Belgium, France, Germany
Flettner Fl 282 helicopter 1942  Germany
Focke-Achgelis Fa 330 autogyro kite[6] 1943  Germany
Kamov A-7 autogyro 1934  Soviet Union
Kayaba Ka-1 and Ka-2 autogyro 1941  Japan
Pitcairn PA-39 autogyro[notes 33] 1940  USA UK
Sikorsky R-4 helicopter 1944  USA US, UK
Sikorsky R-6 helicopter 1945  USA US, UK

Lighter than Air[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Goodyear G class blimp patrol blimp 1935  USA
Goodyear K class blimp patrol blimp 1938  USA
Goodyear L class blimp training blimp 1938  USA
Goodyear M class blimp patrol blimp 1944  USA

Rockets and Drones[edit]

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aeronautica Lombarda A.R. radio controlled flying bomb 1943  Italy
Culver PQ-8 target drone 1940  USA
Culver PQ-14 Cadet target drone 1942  USA
Fieseler Fi 103R manned missile  Germany
Henschel Hs 293 guided missile 1943  Germany
Interstate TDR assault drone (UCAV) 1944  USA
McDonnell TD2D Katydid target drone 1942  USA US
Naval Aircraft Factory TDN assault drone (UCAV) 1942  USA
Naval Aircraft Modification Unit KDN Gorgon target drone 1945  USA
V-1 Flying Bomb surface to surface cruise missile 1945  Germany
V-2 rocket surface to surface ballistic missile 1944  Germany
Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka manned missile 1945  Japan

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Built in Canada
  2. ^ Developed from CAC Wirraway
  3. ^ In service by VJ day
  4. ^ Relegated to training
  5. ^ Ordered by Thailand, disarmed and impressed as trainer
  6. ^ Developed into Avro Lancaster
  7. ^ Retired 1943
  8. ^ Retired by Germany before war
  9. ^ Heavy bomber, maritime patrol and transport
  10. ^ Used for coastal patrol briefly before being relegated to transport duties.
  11. ^ Retired by Japan before Dec. 1941
  12. ^ Retired by US before war
  13. ^ Developed from Lockheed 14 transport
  14. ^ Developed from Lockheed 18 Lodestar transport
  15. ^ Primarily used as trainer
  16. ^ Second line duties during war
  17. ^ Developed as North American P-51 Mustang fighter
  18. ^ Relegated to training in France before war
  19. ^ Bomber/transport
  20. ^ Retired by US well before the war
  21. ^ Obsolete fighter used for reconnaissance
  22. ^ Not used by France
  23. ^ Not used by Germany
  24. ^ Designed as bomber, used as transport
  25. ^ Powered development of Gotha Go 242 glider
  26. ^ Bomber/Transport, RCAF bought 2 ex-inflight refuelling aircraft
  27. ^ paratroop carrier and glider towing
  28. ^ Also used as a trainer and photo reconnaissance.
  29. ^ Retired by Germany before the war
  30. ^ Built in Canada & elsewhere
  31. ^ Monococque version developed in Canada
  32. ^ Obsolete bomber used for training
  33. ^ Not used by US


  1. ^ a b c d Retired 1942
  2. ^ a b c Prototype used operationally
  3. ^ Only the transport version
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Also built in Canada
  5. ^ a b c Retired by UK before war
  6. ^ a b c d e f Submarine aircraft
  7. ^ a b Later versions built as transports
  8. ^ a b c d e f Obsolete combat aircraft used for training
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-14. Retrieved 2012-06-26. accessdate=26 June 2012
  10. ^ a b Variant specifically built as a trainer with two seat cockpit.


  • Andrade, John M. (1979). U.S. Military Aircraft Designations and Serials since 1909. England: Midland Counties Publications. ISBN 0-904597-22-9.
  • Camelio, Paul; Shores, Christopher (1976). Armee de l'Air - A Pictorial History of the French Air Force 1937-1945. Squadron/Signal 6006. Warren, MI: Squadron/Signal publications. ASIN B0006WGVZA.
  • Francillon, Rene J. (1970). Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. London: Putnam. ISBN 0-370-00033-1.
  • Francillon, Rene J. (1970). Royal Australian Air Force & Royal New Zealand Air Force in the Pacific. Aero Pictorials 3. Fallbrook CA: Aero Publishers Inc. LCCN 76-114412.
  • Griffin, John A. (1969). Canadian Military Aircraft Serials & Photographs 1920 - 1968. Publication No. 69-2. Ottawa: Queen's Printer.
  • Gunston, Bill (1980). Aircraft of World War 2. London: Octopus Books. ISBN 0-7064-1287-7.
  • Jones, Lloyd S. (1975). U.S. Fighters Army-Air Force 1925 to 1980. Fallbrook, CA: Aero Publishers Inc. ISBN 978-0816892006.
  • Mondey, David (2006). The Hamlyn Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II. London: Bounty Books. ISBN 0-7537-1460-4.
  • Munson, Kenneth (1983). Fighters and Bombers of World War II. London: Peerage Books. ISBN 0-907408-37-0.
  • Smith, J. Richard; Kay, Anthony L. (2002). German Aircraft of the Second World War. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-010-X.
  • Swanborough, Gordon; Peter, Bowers (1990). US Navy Aircraft Since 1911. Putnam. ISBN 0-85177-838-0.

External links[edit]