Page semi-protected

List of countries and dependencies by area

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dymaxion map of the world with the 30 largest countries and territories by total area according to the table below, roughly to scale

This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.

Entries in this list include, but are not limited to, those in the ISO 3166-1 standard, which includes sovereign states and dependent territories. All 193 member states of the United Nations plus the 2 observer states are given a rank number. Largely unrecognised states not in ISO 3166-1 are included in the list in ranked order. The areas of such largely unrecognised states are in most cases also included in the areas of the more widely recognised states that claim the same territory; see the notes in the "notes" column for each country for clarification.

Not included in the list are individual country claims to parts of the continent of Antarctica or entities such as the European Union[Note 1] that have some degree of sovereignty but do not consider themselves to be sovereign countries or dependent territories.

This list includes three measurements of area:

  • Total area: the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines.
  • Land area: the aggregate of all land within international boundaries and coastlines, excluding water area.
  • Water area: the sum of the surface areas of all inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, and rivers) within international boundaries and coastlines.[2] Coastal internal waters (some small bays) may be included.[clarification needed] Territorial seas are not included unless otherwise noted. Contiguous zones and exclusive economic zones are not included.

Data is taken from the United Nations Statistics Division unless otherwise noted.[3]

Map

World map colour-coded by areas of countries in square kilometres except Antarctica where there are no countries.

Countries and dependencies by area

Country / Dependency Total in km2 (mi2) Land[4] Water[4] Notes
CIA[5] UN[3] Britannica[6] km2 (mi2) % of world km2 (mi2) % of total
Earth symbol.svg World 510,072,000
(196,940,000)
510,064,472
(196,936,994)[7]
148,940,000
(57,510,000)
100% 361,132,000
(139,434,000)
71%
 Russia  17,098,242
(6,601,668)
17,098,246
(6,601,670)
17,125,000
(6,612,000)
16,377,742
(6,323,482)
11% 720,500
(278,200)
4.2% Largest country in the world (10.995% of the world's land mass); its European portion is roughly 4,000,000 km2, which is around 40% of the total landmass of Europe, making Russia the largest country in Europe; and its Asian portion, which covers all of Northern Asia, is around 13,100,000 km2, making Russia the largest country in Asia.
 Antarctica  14,200,000
(5,500,000)
14,000,000
(5,400,000)
14,200,000
(5,500,000)
14,000,000
(5,400,000)
9.4% 0
(0)
0% 13,720,000 km2 (5,300,000 sq mi) (98%) of the land area is covered by ice and snow. Though not itself a country, areas are claimed by a number of countries.[Note 2]
 Canada  9,984,670
(3,855,100)
9,093,507
(3,511,023)
6.1% 891,163
(344,080)
8.9% Largest English- and largest French-speaking country; largest country completely in the Western Hemisphere by total area (second-largest by land area, after the United States); with the largest surface area of water. Total area and water area figures include area covered by freshwater only and do not include internal waters (non-freshwater) of about 1,600,000 km2, nor territorial waters of 200,000 km2.[8][9][Note 3]
 China  9,596,960
(3,705,410)
9,596,961
(3,705,407)
9,572,900
(3,696,100)
9,326,410
(3,600,950)
6.3% 270,550
(104,460)
2.8% Largest country entirely in Asia, and second-largest country in the world by land area. Excludes Taiwan, disputed territories with India, and disputed islands in the South China Sea. Figures for total area and water area also exclude all coastal and territorial waters.[Note 4]
 United States  9,833,517
(3,796,742)
9,629,091
(3,717,813)
9,525,067
(3,677,649)
9,147,643
(3,531,925)
6.1% 377,424
(145,724)[11]
685,924
(264,837)[13]
4.0%
7.0%
By land area, largest English-speaking country and largest country in the Western Hemisphere (second-largest by total area, after Canada). Secondary figures for total area and water area include all coastal and territorial waters.[Note 4]
 Brazil  8,515,770
(3,287,960)
8,515,767
(3,287,956)
8,460,415
(3,266,584)
5.7% 55,352
(21,372)
0.65% Largest Portuguese-speaking country, largest country in South America and mostly[Note 5] in the Southern Hemisphere, and the largest landmass in the Americas.[15]
 Australia  7,741,220
(2,988,900)
7,692,024
(2,969,907)
7,688,126
(2,968,402)
7,633,565
(2,947,336)
5.1% 58,459
(22,571)
0.76% Third-largest English-speaking country and largest country in Oceania, largest country without land borders, and the largest country completely in the Southern Hemisphere.[Note 6]
 India  3,287,263
(1,269,219)
3,166,391
(1,222,550)
2,973,190
(1,147,960)
2.0% 314,073
(121,264)
9.6% Second-largest country entirely in Asia and largest country in South Asia.[Note 7] Largest Hindi-speaking country and most populous Hindu country.
 Argentina  2,780,400
(1,073,500)
2,736,690
(1,056,640)
1.8% 43,710
(16,880)
1.6% Largest Spanish-speaking country and second-largest country in South America.[Note 8]
 Kazakhstan  2,724,900
(1,052,100)
2,724,842
(1,052,067)
2,699,700
(1,042,400)
1.8% 25,200
(9,700)
0.92% Largest landlocked country.[20] Second-largest Russian-speaking country, after Russia, and the largest country in Central Asia. Transcontinental country located in Asia and Europe.
 Algeria  2,381,740
(919,590)
2,381,741
(919,595)
2,381,741
(919,595)
1.6% 0
(0)
0% Largest country in Africa; also largest in the Arab world and the Mediterranean Basin.[Note 9]
 DR Congo  2,344,858
(905,355)
2,267,048
(875,312)
1.5% 77,810
(30,040)
3.3% Second-largest French-speaking country. Largest country in Central and Sub-Saharan Africa. Second-largest country in Africa, has the largest French-speaking city (Kinshasa).
 Kingdom of Denmark  2,220,093
(857,183)
2,220,072
(857,175)
1.5% 21
(8.1)
0.00095% UN figure does not include the entire Kingdom area.
 Greenland  (Denmark) 2,166,086
(836,330)
2,166,086
(836,330)
1.5% 0
(0)
0% Largest island in the world. Largest territory in the Kingdom of Denmark.[Note 10]
 Saudi Arabia  2,149,690
(830,000)
2,149,690
(830,000)
2,149,690
(830,000)
2,149,690
(830,000)
1.4% 0
(0)
0% Largest country in Western Asia. Second-largest in the Arab world, after Algeria.
 Mexico  1,964,375
(758,449)
1,943,945
(750,561)
1.3% 20,430
(7,890)
1.0% Second-largest Spanish-speaking country by area, after Argentina; largest Spanish-speaking country by number of speakers.
 Indonesia  1,904,569
(735,358)
1,910,931
(737,815)
1,916,907
(740,122)
1,811,569
(699,451)
1.2% 93,000
(36,000)
4.9% Transcontinental country located in Asia and Oceania. Largest country in Southeast Asia. Largest island country and archipelagic state in the world by area and population.[22]
 Sudan  1,861,484
(718,723)
1,844,797
(712,280)
1,731,671
(668,602)
1.2% 129,813
(50,121)
7.0% Third-largest country in Africa and third-largest in the Arab world.[1][23][Note 11]
 Libya  1,759,540
(679,360)
1,676,198
(647,184)
1,759,540
(679,360)
1.2% 0
(0)
0%
 Iran  1,648,195
(636,372)
1,873,959
(723,540)
1,531,595
(591,352)
1.0% 116,600
(45,000)
7.1% Largest Persian-speaking country. Second-largest country in Western Asia and fourth-largest completely in Asia, after China, India, and Saudi Arabia. [Note 12]
 Mongolia  1,564,116
(603,909)
1,564,110
(603,910)
1,564,116
(603,909)
1,553,556
(599,831)
1.0% 10,560
(4,080)
0.68% Second-largest landlocked country and largest that does not border a closed sea.
 Peru  1,285,216
(496,225)
1,279,996
(494,209)
0.86% 5,220
(2,020)
0.41% Third-largest Spanish-speaking country and third-largest country in South America.
 Chad  1,284,000
(496,000)
1,259,200
(486,200)
0.85% 24,800
(9,600)
1.9% Third-largest landlocked country and largest outside of Asia. Fifth-largest country in Africa.
 Niger  1,267,000
(489,000)
1,266,700
(489,100)
0.85% 300
(120)
0.024% Largest country in West Africa.
 Angola  1,246,700
(481,400)
1,246,700
(481,400)
0.84% 0
(0)
0%
 Mali  1,240,192
(478,841)
1,241,238
(479,245)
1,220,190
(471,120)
0.82% 20,002
(7,723)
1.6%
 South Africa  1,219,090
(470,690)
1,221,037
(471,445)
1,220,813
(471,359)
1,214,470
(468,910)
0.82% 4,620
(1,780)
0.38% Largest country in Southern Africa.
 Colombia  1,138,910
(439,740)
1,141,748
(440,831)
1,038,700
(401,000)
0.70% 100,210
(38,690)
8.8%
 Ethiopia  1,104,300
(426,400)
1,127,127
(435,186)
1,000,000
(390,000)
0.67% 104,300
(40,300)
9.4% Largest country in East Africa.[Note 13]
 Bolivia  1,098,581
(424,164)
1,083,301
(418,265)
0.73% 15,280
(5,900)
1.4%
 Mauritania  1,030,700
(398,000)
1,030,700
(398,000)
1,030,700
(398,000)
1,025,520
(395,960)
0.69% 4,480
(1,730)
0.43%
 Egypt  1,001,450
(386,660)
1,002,450
(387,050)
1,010,408
(390,121)
995,450
(384,350)
0.67% 6,000
(2,300)
0.60% Transcontinental country located in Asia and Africa.
 Tanzania  947,300
(365,800)
945,087
(364,900)
947,303
(365,756)
885,800
(342,000)
0.59% 61,500
(23,700)
6.5%
 Nigeria  923,768
(356,669)
923,769
(356,669)
910,768
(351,649)
0.61% 13,000
(5,000)
1.4%
 Venezuela  912,050
(352,140)
916,445
(353,841)
882,050
(340,560)
0.59% 30,000
(12,000)
3.3% [Note 14]
 Pakistan  796,095
(307,374)
907,843
(350,520)
881,889
(340,499)
882,623
(340,783)
0.59% 25,220
(9,740)
3.2% [Note 15]
 Namibia  824,292
(318,261)
825,615
(318,772)
824,292
(318,261)
823,290
(317,870)
0.55% 2,425
(936)
0.29%
 Mozambique  799,380
(308,640)
801,590
(309,500)
799,380
(308,640)
786,380
(303,620)
0.53% 13,000
(5,000)
1.6%
 Turkey  783,562
(302,535)
785,347
(303,224)
769,632
(297,157)
0.52% 13,930
(5,380)
1.8% Transcontinental country located in Asia and Europe.
 Chile  756,102
(291,933)
756,096
(291,930)
743,812
(287,187)
0.50% 12,290
(4,750)
1.6% [Note 16]
 Zambia  752,618
(290,587)
752,612
(290,585)
752,614
(290,586)
743,398
(287,028)
0.50% 9,220
(3,560)
1.2%
 Myanmar  676,578
(261,228)
676,533
(261,211)
653,508
(252,321)
0.44% 23,070
(8,910)
3.4%
 Afghanistan  652,230
(251,830)
652,864
(252,072)
652,230
(251,830)
0.44% 0
(0)
0%
 South Sudan  644,329
(248,777)
644,329
(248,777)
0.43% 0
(0)
0% [Note 17][25][Note 11]
 France  643,801
(248,573)
640,679
(247,368)
543,965
(210,026)
640,427
(247,270)
0.43% 3,374
(1,303)
0.52% Figures include metropolitan France (in Europe) as well as the five overseas regions. This does not include New Caledonia (an autonomous sui generis collectivity), the five autonomous overseas collectivities, and the two uninhabited territories (the French Southern and Antarctic Lands and Clipperton Island) which are listed individually, although also part of the French Republic.[Note 18] Third-largest country in Europe after Russia and Ukraine, and the largest country in the European Union.
 Somalia  637,657
(246,201)
627,337
(242,216)
0.42% 10,320
(3,980)
1.6%
 Central African Republic  622,984
(240,535)
622,436
(240,324)
622,984
(240,535)
0.42% 0
(0)
0%
 Ukraine  603,550
(233,030)
603,500
(233,000)
603,549
(233,032)
579,300
(223,700)
0.39% 24,200
(9,300)
4.0% Second-largest country in Europe after Russia.
 Madagascar  587,041
(226,658)
587,295
(226,756)
581,540
(224,530)
0.39% 5,501
(2,124)
0.94% Largest island country in Africa and 2nd largest island country in the world.
 Botswana  581,730
(224,610)
566,730
(218,820)
0.38% 15,000
(5,800)
2.6% [Note 19]
 Kenya  580,367
(224,081)
591,971
(228,561)
569,140
(219,750)
0.38% 11,227
(4,335)
1.9%
 Yemen  527,968
(203,850)
555,000
(214,000)
455,000
(176,000)
555,000
(214,000)
0.37% 0
(0)
0% The second largest country in the Arabian Peninsula.[Note 20] The area before signing of the Jeddah Treaty was 527,968 square kilometers.
 France  (metropolitan) 643,801
(248,573)
543,940
(210,020)
543,965
(210,026)
Metropolitan France (the part of France located in Europe)
 Thailand  513,120
(198,120)
510,890
(197,260)
0.34% 2,230
(860)
0.43%
 Spain  505,370
(195,120)
505,992
(195,365)
505,944
(195,346)
498,980
(192,660)
0.34% 6,390
(2,470)
1.3%

Largest country in Southern Europe and second-largest member state of European Union.

 Turkmenistan  488,100
(188,500)
491,210
(189,660)
469,930
(181,440)
0.32% 18,170
(7,020)
3.7%
 Cameroon  475,440
(183,570)
475,442
(183,569)
466,750
(180,210)
472,710
(182,510)
0.32% 2,730
(1,050)
0.57%
 Papua New Guinea  462,840
(178,700)
452,860
(174,850)
0.30% 9,980
(3,850)
2.2% Third-largest island country in the world.
 Sweden  450,295
(173,860)
447,420
(172,750)
410,335
(158,431)
0.28% 39,960
(15,430)
8.9% Largest country in Northern Europe. Third-largest member state of European Union.
 Uzbekistan  447,400
(172,700)
425,400
(164,200)
0.29% 22,000
(8,500)
4.9%
 Morocco  716,550
(276,660)
446,550
(172,410)
439,850
(169,830)
446,300
(172,300)
0.30% 250
(97)
0.035% Does not include the disputed Western Sahara, shown separately.[Note 21]
 Iraq  438,317
(169,235)
435,052
(167,975)
437,367
(168,868)
0.29% 950
(370)
0.22% [Note 22]
 Paraguay  406,752
(157,048)
397,302
(153,399)
0.27% 9,450
(3,650)
2.3%
 Zimbabwe  390,757
(150,872)
386,847
(149,362)
0.26% 3,910
(1,510)
1.0%
 Norway  323,802
(125,021)
385,207
(148,729)
385,208
(148,730)
365,957
(141,297)
0.25% 19,520
(7,540)
6.0% Kingdom of Norway, including Svalbard and Jan Mayen, but excluding Bouvet Island and the Antarctic territorial claims of Queen Maud Land and Peter I Island.[Note 23]
 Japan  377,915
(145,914)
377,976
(145,937)
377,873
(145,898)
364,546
(140,752)
0.24% 13,430
(5,190)
3.6% Largest island country in East Asia and the world's 4th largest island country.[Note 24]
 Germany  357,022
(137,847)
357,114
(137,882)
357,104
(137,879)
348,672
(134,623)
0.23% 8,350
(3,220)
2.3% Largest country in Central Europe. Before the 1990 German reunification, West Germany was 248,577 (95,976) and East Germany was 108,333 (41,828).
 Congo  2,344,858
(905,355)
342,000
(132,000)
2,345,410
(905,570)
341,500
(131,900)
0.23% 500
(190)
0.021%
 Finland  338,145
(130,559)
338,425
(130,667)
390,909
(150,931)
303,816
(117,304)
0.20% 34,330
(13,250)
10% [Note 25]
 Vietnam  331,210
(127,880)
331,212
(127,882)
331,231
(127,889)
310,070
(119,720)
0.21% 21,140
(8,160)
6.4%
 Malaysia  329,847
(127,355)
330,803
(127,724)
330,621
(127,653)
329,613
(127,264)
0.22% 1,190
(460)
0.36%
 Norway  (mainland) 323,802
(125,021)
323,802
(125,021)
385,208
(148,730)
304,282
(117,484)
0.20% 19,520
(7,540)
6.0% Mainland Norway, excluding Svalbard, Jan Mayen and the dependent territories.[Note 23]
 Ivory Coast  322,463
(124,504)
318,003
(122,782)
0.21% 4,460
(1,720)
1.4%
 Poland  312,685
(120,728)
312,696
(120,733)
312,679
(120,726)
311,888
(120,421)
0.21% 791
(305)
0.25%
 Oman  309,500
(119,500)
309,500
(119,500)
309,980
(119,680)
309,500
(119,500)
0.21% 0
(0)
0%
 Italy  301,340
(116,350)
301,339
(116,348)
302,073
(116,631)
294,140
(113,570)
0.20% 7,200
(2,800)
2.4%
 Philippines  300,000
(120,000)
300,000
(120,000)
298,170
(115,120)
0.20% 1,830
(710)
0.61%
 Ecuador  283,561
(109,484)
276,841
(106,889)
256,372
(98,986)
256,369
(98,985)
0.17% 6,720
(2,590)
2.4% [Note 26]
 Burkina Faso  274,200
(105,900)
274,222
(105,878)
273,602
(105,638)
0.18% 620
(240)
0.23% [Note 27]
 New Zealand  268,838
(103,799)
270,467
(104,428)
268,107
(103,517)
262,443
(101,330)
0.18% 4,395
(1,697)
1.6% [Note 28]
 Gabon  267,667
(103,347)
267,668
(103,347)
267,667
(103,347)
257,667
(99,486)
0.17% 10,000
(3,900)
3.7%
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic  266,000
(103,000)
266,000
(103,000)
0.18% 0
(0)
0% Disputed territory. Administrative control is limited to approximately one-third of this area, with the remaining area controlled by Morocco.
 Guinea  245,857
(94,926)
245,717
(94,872)
0.16% 140
(54)
0.057%
 United Kingdom  243,610
(94,060)
242,495
(93,628)
242,500
(93,600)
241,930
(93,410)
0.16% 1,680
(650)
0.69%

Largest island country in Europe and Western Hemisphere.[Note 29]

 Uganda  241,038
(93,065)
241,550
(93,260)
241,551
(93,263)
197,100
(76,100)
0.13% 43,938
(16,965)
18%
 Ghana  238,533
(92,098)
227,533
(87,851)
0.15% 11,000
(4,200)
4.6%
 Romania  238,391
(92,043)
238,397
(92,046)
231,291
(89,302)
0.16% 7,100
(2,700)
3.0%
 Laos  236,800
(91,400)
230,800
(89,100)
0.15% 6,000
(2,300)
2.5% Only landlocked country in South East Asia.
 Guyana  214,969
(83,000)
214,999
(83,012)
196,849
(76,004)
0.13% 18,120
(7,000)
8.4%
 Belarus  207,600
(80,200)
207,595
(80,153)
202,900
(78,300)
0.14% 4,700
(1,800)
2.3% Largest landlocked country in Europe.
 Kyrgyzstan  199,951
(77,202)
199,945
(77,199)
191,801
(74,055)
0.13% 8,150
(3,150)
4.1%
 Senegal  196,722
(75,955)
196,712
(75,951)
192,530
(74,340)
0.13% 4,192
(1,619)
2.1%
 Syria  187,437
(72,370)
185,180
(71,500)
183,630
(70,900)
0.12% 1,550
(600)
0.83% [Note 30]
 Cambodia  181,035
(69,898)
176,515
(68,153)
0.12% 4,520
(1,750)
2.5%
 Uruguay  176,215
(68,037)
175,016
(67,574)
175,015
(67,574)
0.12% 1,200
(460)
0.68%
 Somaliland  176,120
(68,000)
[Note 31]
 Suriname  163,820
(63,250)
156,000
(60,000)
0.10% 7,820
(3,020)
4.8% Smallest country in South America.
 Tunisia  163,610
(63,170)
155,360
(59,980)
0.10% 8,250
(3,190)
5.0%
 Bangladesh  148,460
(57,320)
147,570
(56,980)
130,168
(50,258)
0.087% 13,830
(5,340)
9.3% [Note 32]
 Nepal  147,181
(56,827)
143,351
(55,348)
0.096% 3,830
(1,480)
2.6% Nepal is the largest country in the Himalayan range. The Government of Nepal gives its area as 147,516 square kilometres (56,956 sq mi), which includes an additional 335 square kilometers of disputed territory under Indian administration.[35]
 Tajikistan  144,100
(55,600)
143,100
(55,300)
142,600
(55,100)
141,510
(54,640)
0.095% 2,590
(1,000)
1.8%
 Greece  131,957
(50,949)
130,647
(50,443)
0.088% 1,310
(510)
0.99%
 Nicaragua  130,370
(50,340)
130,373
(50,337)
119,990
(46,330)
0.081% 10,380
(4,010)
8.0% Largest country in Central America.
 North Korea  120,538
(46,540)
120,540
(46,540)
122,762
(47,399)
120,538
(46,540)
0.081% 2
(0.77)
0.0017% Excludes claim on South Korea.
 Malawi  118,484
(45,747)
118,760
(45,850)
94,080
(36,320)
0.063% 24,404
(9,422)
21%
 Eritrea  117,600
(45,400)
121,144
(46,774)
101,000
(39,000)
0.068% 16,600
(6,400)
14%
 Benin  112,622
(43,484)
114,763
(44,310)
114,305
(44,133)
0.077% 457.569
(176.668)
0.41% [Note 33]
 Honduras  112,090
(43,280)
112,492
(43,433)
111,890
(43,200)
0.075% 200
(77)
0.18%
 Liberia  111,369
(43,000)
99,691
(38,491)
96,320
(37,190)
0.065% 15,049
(5,810)
14%
 Bulgaria  110,879
(42,811)
111,002
(42,858)
110,372
(42,615)
108,612
(41,935)
0.073% 2,390
(920)
2.2%
 Cuba  110,860
(42,800)
109,884
(42,426)
109,884
(42,426)
0.074% 0
(0)
0% Largest country in the West Indies.
 Guatemala  108,889
(42,042)
107,159
(41,374)
0.072% 1,730
(670)
1.6%
 Iceland  103,000
(40,000)
100,250
(38,710)
0.067% 2,750
(1,060)
2.7%
 South Korea  99,720
(38,500)
100,210
(38,690)
97,100
(37,500)
99,909
(38,575)
0.067% 301
(116)
0.30% Excludes claim on North Korea.
 Hungary  93,028
(35,918)
93,023
(35,916)
89,608
(34,598)
0.060% 3,420
(1,320)
3.7%
 Portugal  92,090
(35,560)
92,226
(35,609)
91,119
(35,181)
0.061% 1,107
(427)
1.2%
 Jordan  89,342
(34,495)
88,794
(34,284)
88,802
(34,287)
0.060% 540
(210)
0.60%
 Serbia  77,474
(29,913)
88,361
(34,116)
77,589
(29,957)
88,246
(34,072)
0.059% 115
(44)
0.15% The largest Serbo-Croatian-speaking country. [Note 34]
 Azerbaijan  86,600
(33,400)
86,600
(33,400)
86,100
(33,200)
0.058% 500
(190)
0.58% Largest country in Caucasus. Transcontinental country located in Asia and Europe. [Note 35]
 Austria  83,871
(32,383)
83,871
(32,383)
83,882
(32,387)
82,445
(31,832)
0.055% 1,426
(551)
1.7%
 United Arab Emirates  83,600
(32,300)
83,600
(32,300)
83,600
(32,300)
0.056% 0
(0)
0%
 Czech Republic  78,871
(30,452)
77,199
(29,807)
0.052% 1,672
(646)
2.1%
 Panama  75,420
(29,120)
75,417
(29,119)
75,320
(29,080)
74,340
(28,700)
0.050% 1,080
(420)
1.4% Transcontinental country in North America and South America.
 Sierra Leone  71,740
(27,700)
71,620
(27,650)
0.048% 120
(46)
0.17%
 Ireland  70,273
(27,133)
68,883
(26,596)
0.046% 1,390
(540)
2.0% The figure shown is for the Republic of Ireland; the island of Ireland is 84,421 km2 or 32,595 sq mi.[38]
 Georgia  69,700
(26,900)
69,700
(26,900)
0.047% 0
(0)
0% Transcontinental country located in Asia and Europe.[Note 36]
 Sri Lanka  65,610
(25,330)
62,732
(24,221)
0.042% 2,878
(1,111)
4.4%
 Lithuania  65,300
(25,200)
65,286
(25,207)
62,680
(24,200)
0.042% 2,620
(1,010)
4.0%
 Latvia  64,589
(24,938)
64,559
(24,926)
64,573
(24,932)
62,249
(24,034)
0.042% 2,340
(900)
3.6%
 Svalbard  (Norway) 62,045
(23,956)
62,045
(23,956)
0.042% 0
(0)
0% [Note 37]
 Togo  56,785
(21,925)
56,600
(21,900)
54,385
(20,998)
0.037% 2,400
(930)
4.2%
 Croatia  56,594
(21,851)
55,974
(21,612)
0.038% 620
(240)
1.1%
 Bosnia and Herzegovina  51,197
(19,767)
51,209
(19,772)
51,187
(19,763)
0.034% 10
(3.9)
0.020%
 Costa Rica  51,100
(19,700)
51,060
(19,710)
0.034% 40
(15)
0.078%
 Slovakia  49,035
(18,933)
49,037
(18,933)
49,034
(18,932)
48,105
(18,573)
0.032% 930
(360)
1.9%
 Dominican Republic  48,670
(18,790)
48,671
(18,792)
48,311
(18,653)
48,320
(18,660)
0.032% 350
(140)
0.72%
 Estonia  45,228
(17,463)
45,227
(17,462)
45,336
(17,504)
42,388
(16,366)
0.028% 2,840
(1,100)
6.3%
 Denmark  43,094
(16,639)
42,938
(16,578)
42,434
(16,384)
0.028% 660
(250)
1.5% Includes Denmark proper only, but excludes the autonomous territories in the Kingdom of Denmark, shown separately.
 Netherlands  41,543
(16,040)
41,850
(16,160)
33,893
(13,086)
0.023% 7,650
(2,950)
18% Includes the special municipalities, but excludes other countries in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, shown separately.[Note 38]
 Switzerland  41,277
(15,937)
41,284
(15,940)
41,285
(15,940)
39,997
(15,443)
0.027% 1,280
(490)
3.1% [Note 39]
 Bhutan  38,394
(14,824)
38,394
(14,824)
0.026% 0
(0)
0%
 Taiwan  35,980
(13,890)
36,193
(13,974)
36,197
(13,976)
32,260
(12,460)
0.022% 3,720
(1,440)
10% Between 1945 and 1949, the Republic of China included Mainland China, Mongolia, Taiwan and other areas, totaling 11,418,174 km2 (4,408,582 sq mi).[Note 40]
 Guinea-Bissau  36,125
(13,948)
28,120
(10,860)
0.019% 8,005
(3,091)
22%
 Moldova  33,851
(13,070)
33,846
(13,068)
33,843
(13,067)
32,891
(12,699)
0.022% 960
(370)
2.8% [Note 41]
 Belgium  30,528
(11,787)
30,668
(11,841)
30,278
(11,690)
0.020% 250
(97)
0.82%
 Lesotho  30,355
(11,720)
30,355
(11,720)
0.020% 0
(0)
0%
 Armenia  29,743
(11,484)
28,342
(10,943)
0.019% 1,401
(541)
4.7%
 Solomon Islands  28,896
(11,157)
30,407
(11,740)
27,986
(10,805)
0.019% 910
(350)
3.1%
 Albania  28,748
(11,100)
28,703
(11,082)
27,398
(10,578)
0.018% 1,350
(520)
4.7%
 Equatorial Guinea  28,051
(10,831)
28,052
(10,831)
28,051
(10,831)
0.019% 0
(0)
0%
 Burundi  27,830
(10,750)
27,834
(10,747)
25,680
(9,920)
0.017% 2,150
(830)
7.7%
 Haiti  27,750
(10,710)
27,700
(10,700)
27,560
(10,640)
0.019% 190
(73)
0.68%
 Rwanda  26,338
(10,169)
26,379
(10,185)
24,668
(9,524)
0.017% 1,670
(640)
6.3%
 North Macedonia  25,713
(9,928)
25,433
(9,820)
0.017% 280
(110)
1.1%
 Djibouti  23,200
(9,000)
23,700
(9,200)
23,180
(8,950)
0.016% 20
(7.7)
0.086%
 Belize  22,966
(8,867)
22,806
(8,805)
0.015% 160
(62)
0.70%
 El Salvador  21,041
(8,124)
20,721
(8,000)
0.014% 320
(120)
1.5% Smallest country in the continental Americas.
 Israel  21,937
(8,470)
20,770
(8,020)
21,643
(8,356)
20,330
(7,850)
0.014% 440
(170)
2.0% [Note 42]
 Slovenia  20,273
(7,827)
20,151
(7,780)
0.014% 122
(47)
0.60%
 New Caledonia  (France) 18,575
(7,172)
18,576
(7,172)
18,275
(7,056)
0.012% 300
(120)
1.6%
 Fiji  18,274
(7,056)
18,272
(7,055)
18,274
(7,056)
0.012% 0
(0)
0%
 Kuwait  17,818
(6,880)
17,818
(6,880)
0.012% 0
(0)
0%
 Eswatini  17,364
(6,704)
17,204
(6,643)
0.012% 160
(62)
0.92%
 East Timor  14,919
(5,760)
14,954
(5,774)
14,919
(5,760)
0.010% 0
(0)
0%
 Bahamas  13,880
(5,360)
13,943
(5,383)
13,939
(5,382)
10,010
(3,860)
0.0067% 3,870
(1,490)
28%
 Montenegro  13,812
(5,333)
13,888
(5,362)
13,452
(5,194)
0.0090% 360
(140)
2.6%
 Vanuatu  12,189
(4,706)
12,190
(4,710)
12,189
(4,706)
0.0082% 0
(0)
0%
 Falkland Islands  (United Kingdom) 12,173
(4,700)
12,173
(4,700)
0.0082% 0
(0)
0%
 Qatar  11,586
(4,473)
11,627
(4,489)
11,586
(4,473)
0.0078% 0
(0)
0%
 Gambia  11,300
(4,400)
11,295
(4,361)
10,679
(4,123)
10,000
(3,900)
0.0067% 1,295
(500)
11% Smallest country in continental Africa.
 Jamaica  10,991
(4,244)
11,424
(4,411)
10,831
(4,182)
0.0073% 160
(62)
1.5%
 Kosovo  10,887
(4,203)
10,905
(4,210)
[Note 43]
 Lebanon  10,400
(4,000)
10,452
(4,036)
10,230
(3,950)
0.0069% 170
(66)
1.6% Second smallest country in continental Asia.
 Cyprus  9,251
(3,572)
9,241
(3,568)
0.0062% 10
(3.9)
0.11% [Note 44]
 Puerto Rico  (United States) 9,104
(3,515)
9,104
(3,515)
8,868
(3,424)
9,104
(3,515)
0.0061% 3,054
(1,179)
34% An American territory, it is the third-largest island of the United States after the Big Island of Hawaii and Kodiak Island of Alaska. Also the smallest part of Hispanic America.
 Abkhazia  8,660
(3,340)
[Note 45]
 French Southern Territories  (France) 7,747
(2,991)
7,668
(2,961)
0.0051% 79.8
(30.8)
1.0% Excludes claim on Adélie Land in Antarctica.[Note 46]
 United States Minor Outlying Islands  6,959.41
(2,687.04)
34.2
(13.2)
0% 6,937
(2,678)
100%
 Palestine  6,020
(2,320)
6,000
(2,300)
0.0040% 220
(85)
3.7% [Note 47]
 Brunei  5,765
(2,226)
5,265
(2,033)
0.0035% 500
(190)
8.7%
 Trinidad and Tobago  5,128
(1,980)
5,130
(1,980)
5,127
(1,980)
5,128
(1,980)
0.0034% 0
(0)
0%
 French Polynesia  (France) 4,167
(1,609)
3,827
(1,478)
0.0026% 340
(130)
8.2%
 Transnistria  4,163
(1,607)
[Note 48]
 Cape Verde  4,033
(1,557)
4,033
(1,557)
0.0027% 0
(0)
0%
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands  (United Kingdom) 3,903
(1,507)
3,903
(1,507)
0.0026% 0
(0)
0% [Note 17]
 South Ossetia  3,900
(1,500)
[Note 49]
 Northern Cyprus  3,355
(1,295)
[Note 50]
 Republic of Artsakh  3,170
(1,220)
3,170
(1,220)
0.0021% - - Nagorno-Karabakh is internationally recognized as a part of Azerbaijan, and has no international recognition as a state
 Samoa  2,831
(1,093)
2,842
(1,097)
2,830
(1,090)
2,821
(1,089)
0.0019% 10
(3.9)
0.35%
 Hong Kong  (China) 1,108
(428)
2,755
(1,064)
1,107
(427)
1,106
(427)
0.00074% 1,649
(637) [45]
60%
 Luxembourg  2,586
(998)
2,586
(998)
0.0017% 0
(0)
0% The smallest country that is not a European microstate or island country.
 Bir Tawil (terra nullius) 2,060
(800)
2,060
(800)
0.0014% 0
(0)
0%
 Mauritius  2,040
(790)
2049.5 2,030
(780)
0.0014% 10
(3.9)
0.49% [Note 51]
 Comoros  2,235
(863)
1,862
(719)
1,862
(719)
0.0013% 0
(0)
0% [Note 52]
 Åland Islands  (Finland) 1,580
(610)
[Note 53]
 Faroe Islands  (Denmark) 1,393
(538)
1,396
(539)
1,393
(538)
0.00094% Negligible Negligible [Note 54]
 São Tomé and Príncipe  964
(372)
964
(372)
0.00065% 0
(0)
0%
 Turks and Caicos Islands  (United Kingdom) 948
(366)
430
(170)
0.00029% 0
(0)
0% [Note 17]
 Kiribati  811
(313)
811
(313)
0.00054% 0
(0)
0% [Note 55]
 Bahrain  760
(290)
778
(300)
783
(302)
778
(300)
0.00052% 0
(0)
0%
 Dominica  48,670
(18,790)
751
(290)
751
(290)
0.00050% 0
(0)
0%
 Tonga  747
(288)
748
(289)
717
(277)
0.00048% 30
(12)
4.0%
 Singapore  719
(278)
728
(281)
722.5 716
(276)
0.00048% 10
(3.9)
1.4%
 Micronesia  702
(271)
708.4 702
(271)
0.00047% Negligible Negligible
 Saint Lucia  616
(238)
606
(234)
0.00041% 10
(3.9)
1.6% [Note 56]
 Isle of Man  (British Crown dependency) 572
(221)
572
(221)
0.00038% 0
(0)
0%
 Guam  (United States) 544
(210)
549
(212)
561
(217)
544
(210)
0.00037% 0
(0)
0%
 Andorra  468
(181)
468
(181)
0.00031% 0
(0)
0% European microstate.
 Northern Mariana Islands  (United States) 464
(179)
457.1 464
(179)
0.00031% 0
(0)
0%
 Palau  459
(177)
490
(190)
459
(177)
0.00031% 0
(0)
0%
 Seychelles  455
(176)
452
(175)
455
(176)
0.00031% 0
(0)
0% Smallest country in Africa.
 Curaçao (Netherlands) 444
(171)
444
(171)
0.00030% 0
(0)
0% [Note 38]
 Antigua and Barbuda  443
(171)
442
(171)
442.6
(170.9)
0.00030% 0
(0)
0%
 Barbados  430
(170)
431
(166)
0.00029% 0
(0)
0%
 Heard Island and McDonald Islands  (Australia) 412
(159)
412
(159)
0.00028% 0
(0)
0% [Note 17]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  389
(150)
389
(150)
0.00026% 0
(0)
0%
 Jan Mayen  (Norway) 377
(146)
377
(146)
0.00025% 0
(0)
0%
 U.S. Virgin Islands  (United States) 1,910
(740)
347
(134)
350
(140)
346
(134)
0.00023% 1,564
(604)
82%
 Grenada  344
(133)
344
(133)
0.00023% 0
(0)
0%
 Malta  316
(122)
315.2 316
(122)
0.00021% 0
(0)
0% European microstate. Smallest European Union member state.
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha  (United Kingdom) 308
(119)
308
(119)
0.00021% 0
(0)
0% [Note 57]
 Maldives  298
(115)
300
(120)
298
(115)
0.00020% 0
(0)
0% Smallest country in Asia.
 Bonaire  (Netherlands) 294
(114)
294
(114)
0.00020% 0
(0)
0% [Note 38]
 Cayman Islands  (United Kingdom) 264
(102)
264
(102)
0.00018% 0
(0)
0%
 Saint Kitts and Nevis  261
(101)
272
(105)
261
(101)
0.00018% 0
(0)
0% Smallest country in the Americas and the Western Hemisphere.
 Niue  (New Zealand) 260
(100)
260
(100)
0.00017% 0
(0)
0% [Note 58]
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia  (United Kingdom) 253.8
(98.0)
not determined not determined not determined There is a salt lake and some wetlands of unknown area.
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon  (France) 242
(93)
242
(93)
0.00016% 0
(0)
0%
 Cook Islands  (New Zealand) 236
(91)
236
(91)
0.00016% 0
(0)
0% [Note 59]
 American Samoa  (United States) 224
(86)
199
(77)
200
(77)
199
(77)
0.00013% 0
(0)
0%
 Marshall Islands  181
(70)
181.48 181
(70)
0.00012% 11,673
(4,507)
6,400%
 Aruba  (Netherlands) 180
(69)
180
(69)
0.00012% 0
(0)
0% [Note 38]
 Liechtenstein  160
(62)
160.5 160
(62)
0.00011% 0
(0)
0% European microstate.
 British Virgin Islands  (United Kingdom) 151
(58)
151
(58)
0.00010% 0
(0)
0%
 Wallis and Futuna  (France) 142
(55)
142
(55)
0% 0
(0)
0%
 Christmas Island  (Australia) 135
(52)
135
(52)
0% 0
(0)
0% [Note 60]
 Jersey  (British Crown dependency) 116
(45)
118
(46)
116
(45)
0% 0
(0)
0%
 Montserrat  (United Kingdom) 102
(39)
102
(39)
0% 0
(0)
0%
 Anguilla  (United Kingdom) 91
(35)
91
(35)
0% 0
(0)
0%
 Guernsey  (British Crown dependency) 78
(30)
78
(30)
0% 0
(0)
0%
 San Marino  61
(24)
61
(24)
0% 0
(0)
0% European microstate.
 British Indian Ocean Territory  (United Kingdom) 60
(23)
60
(23)
00% 54,340
(20,980)
91,000% [Note 61]
 Saint Martin  (France) 54
(21)
54.4
(21.0)
0% Negligible Negligible [Note 17]
 Bermuda  (United Kingdom) 54
(21)
53
(20)
54
(21)
0% 0
(0)
0%
 Bouvet Island  (Norway) 49
(19)
49
(19)
0% 0
(0)
0% [Note 17]
 Pitcairn Islands  (United Kingdom) 47
(18)
47
(18)
0% 0
(0)
0% [Note 62]
 Norfolk Island  (Australia) 36
(14)
36
(14)
0% 0
(0)
0%
 Sint Maarten  (Netherlands) 34
(13)
34
(13)
0% 0
(0)
0% [Note 38]
 Macau  (China) 28
(11)
31.3
(12.1)
30.8 28.2
(10.9)
0% 0
(0)
0% [Note 63]
 Tuvalu  26
(10)
25.6 26
(10)
0% 0
(0)
0% Smallest Commonwealth realm.
 Nauru  21
(8.1)
21.1 21
(8.1)
0% 0
(0)
0% Smallest island country, smallest republic and smallest country that is not a city-state
 Saint Barthélemy  (France) 21
(8.1)
not determined not determined not determined [Note 17]
 Sint Eustatius  (Netherlands) 21
(8.1)
not determined not determined not determined [Note 38]
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands  (Australia) 14
(5.4)
14
(5.4)
0% 0
(0)
0% [Note 60]
 Saba  (Netherlands) 13
(5.0)
not determined not determined not determined [Note 38]
 Tokelau  (New Zealand) 12
(4.6)
12
(4.6)
0% 0
(0)
0%
 Gibraltar  (United Kingdom) 7
(2.7)
6
(2.3)
6.5
(2.5)
0% 0
(0)
0% British Overseas Territory
 Clipperton Island  (France) 6
(2.3)
2
(0.77)
0% 4
(1.5)
67%
 Ashmore and Cartier Islands  (Australia) 5
(1.9)
5
(1.9)
0% 0
(0)
0%
 Spratly Islands (disputed) 5
(1.9)
< 5
(< 1.9)
< 5
(< 1.9)
0% 0
(0)
0%
 Coral Sea Islands  (Australia) 3
(1.2)
< 3
(< 1.2)
< 3
(< 1.2)
0% 0
(0)
0%
 Monaco  2
(0.77)
2.02
(0.78)
2.03 2.02
(0.78)
0% 0
(0)
0% European microstate. Smallest country with a coastline. Smallest United Nations member state.
 Vatican City  0.49
(0.19)
0.44 0.49
(0.19)
0% 0
(0)
0% European microstate. Smallest country in the world.[Note 64]

Graphical charts

The charts below are based on the CIA World Factbook[48] as of February 15, 2005.

Sovereign states with areas greater than 100,000 km2 are shown in green. In addition, non-sovereign territories are included for purposes of comparison, and are shown in gray. Areas include inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). Claims to parts of Antarctica by various countries are not included.

Countries larger than 1.5 million km2

MongoliaIranLibyaSudanIndonesiaMexicoSaudi ArabiaGreenlandDemocratic Republic of the CongoAlgeriaKazakhstanArgentinaIndiaEuropean UnionAustraliaBrazilGeography of China#Boundary disputesChinaUnited StatesCanadaAntarcticaRussia

Countries between 100,000 km2 and 1.5 million km2

South KoreaIcelandGuatemalaCubaBulgariaLiberiaHondurasBeninEritreaMalawiNorth KoreaNicaraguaGreeceTajikistanNepalBangladeshTunisiaSurinameUruguayCambodiaSyriaSenegalKyrgyzstanBelarusGuyanaLaosRomaniaGhanaUgandaUnited KingdomGuineaWestern SaharaGabonNew ZealandBurkina FasoEcuadorPhilippinesItalyOmanPolandCôte d'IvoireNorwayMalaysiaVietnamFinlandRepublic of the CongoGermanyJapanZimbabweParaguayIraqMoroccoUzbekistanSwedenPapua New GuineaCameroonTurkmenistanSpainThailandYemenFranceKenyaBotswanaMadagascarUkraineCentral African RepublicSomaliaSouth SudanAfghanistanBurmaZambiaChileTurkeyMozambiqueNamibiaPakistanVenezuelaNigeriaTanzaniaEgyptMauritaniaBoliviaEthiopiaColombiaSouth AfricaMaliAngolaNigerChadPeru

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The European Union is a unique supranational union. It covers a total area of 4,479,968 km2 (1,729,725 sq mi),[1] and would be ranked 7th if it were included (3.0% of world's total land area).
  2. ^ The following countries have territorial claims in Antarctica: Argentina (969,000 km2 or 374,000 sq mi), Australia (5,896,500 km2 or 2,276,700 sq mi), Chile (1,250,000 km2 or 480,000 sq mi), France (432,000 km2 or 167,000 sq mi), New Zealand (450,000 km2 or 170,000 sq mi), Norway (including Peter I Island) (2,500,000 km2 or 970,000 sq mi) and United Kingdom (1,395,000 km2 or 539,000 sq mi), which to some extent overlap. The area from 90°W to 150°W (2,100,000 km2 or 810,000 sq mi) is currently unclaimed territory. These areas usually have no human inhabitants, excluding scientists.
  3. ^ Smaller than China and United States in land area.
  4. ^ a b The following two primary sources (non-mirrored) represent the range (min./max.) of estimates of China's and the United States' total areas. Both sources (1) exclude Taiwan from the area of China; (2) exclude China's coastal and territorial waters. However, the CIA World Factbook includes the United States coastal and territorial waters, while Encyclopædia Britannica excludes the United States coastal and territorial waters.
    1. The Encyclopædia Britannica lists China as world's third-largest country (after Russia and Canada) with a total area of 9,572,900 km2,[10] and the United States as fourth-largest at 9,525,067 km2.[11]
    2. The CIA World Factbook lists China as fourth-largest country (after Russia, Canada and the United States) with a total area of 9,596,960 km2,[12] and the United States as the third-largest at 9,833,517 km2.[13]

    Notably, Encyclopædia Britannica specifies the United States' area (excluding coastal and territorial waters) as 9,525,067 km2, which is less than either source's figure given for China's area.[11] Therefore, while it can be determined that China has a larger area excluding coastal and territorial waters, it is unclear which country has a larger area including coastal and territorial waters.


    United Nations Statistics Division's figure for the United States is 9,833,517 km2 and China is 9,596,961 km2. These closely match the CIA World Factbook figures and similarly include coastal and territorial waters for the United States, but exclude coastal and territorial waters for China.


    Further explanation of disputed ranking: The dispute for world's third-largest country arose from the inclusion of coastal and territorial waters for the United States. This discrepancy was deduced from comparing the CIA World Factbook and its previous iterations[14] against the information for United States in Encyclopædia Britannica, particularly its footnote section.[11] In sum, according to older versions of the CIA World Factbook (from 1982 to 1996), the U.S. was listed as the world's fourth-largest country (after Russia, Canada, and China) with a total area of 9,372,610 km2. However, in the 1997 edition, the U.S. added coastal waters to its total area (increasing it to 9,629,091 km2). And then again in 2007, U.S. added territorial water to its total area (increasing it to 9,833,517 km2). During this time, China's total area remained unchanged. In other words, no coastal or territorial water area was added to China's total area figure. The United States has a coastal water area of 109,362 km2, and a territorial water area of 195,213 km2, for a total of 304,575 km2 of additional water space. This is larger than entire countries like Italy, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. Adding this figure to the U.S. will boost it over China in ranking since China's coastal and territorial water figures are currently unknown (no official publication) and thus cannot be added into China's total area figure.

  5. ^ A significant portion of Brazil extends into the Northern Hemisphere, so it is not entirely in the Southern Hemisphere. Also, the U.S. has American Samoa in the Southern Hemisphere, so Brazil is not the first entry on this list to have territory in the Southern Hemisphere.
  6. ^ Figures exclude the external territories of Norfolk Island, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Coral Sea Islands Territory, and Heard Island and McDonald Islands,[16] each shown separately. Excludes the claim of the Australian Antarctic Territory (5,896,500 km2 or 2,276,700 sq mi). The UN's previous data,[17] as well as the current data shown by the World Bank and the CIA,[1][18] give the figure as 7,741,220 km2 (2,988,900 sq mi).
  7. ^ The total area given is from Encyclopædia Britannica and includes disputed territories not under Indian control but claimed by India. The total area claimed by India, according to the figure given by the United Nations and the Indian government, totals 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi).[19]
  8. ^ Excludes claims on Argentine Antarctica (969,000 km2 or 374,000 sq mi), on Malvinas/Falkland Islands (12,173 km2 or 4,700 sq mi) and on South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (3,903 km2 or 1,507 sq mi).
  9. ^ The area of internal waters is officially reported as 0[21] even though several seasonal lakes and permanent reservoirs exist in the country.
  10. ^ A total of 1,755,636 km2 (677,855 sq mi) (81%) of the land area is covered by ice; the ice-free area amounts to 410,450 km2 (158,480 sq mi).[18]
  11. ^ a b The water area percentage of Sudan prior to the secession of South Sudan was 5.18.
  12. ^ The area given is from the 2007 data and the CIA World Factbook.[1][17] The UN Demographic Yearbook lists a figure of 1,628,750 km2 (628,860 sq mi), which refers to land area only.
  13. ^ Excluding the Ilemi Triangle (14,000 km2 or 5,400 sq mi).
  14. ^ Excludes claims on Guayana Esequiba (160,000 km2 or 62,000 sq mi)
  15. ^ By default, internationally sourced and published statistics include data for the Pakistani-administered territories of Kashmir: Azad Kashmir (13,297 km2 or 5,134 sq mi) and Gilgit-Baltistan (72,971 km2 or 28,174 sq mi) in this area value.[24] Further including Pakistani claims over the Indian-administered territories of Jammu and Kashmir (42,241 km2 or 16,309 sq mi) and Ladakh (59,146 km2 or 22,836 sq mi) would produce a total land area figure of 984,010 km2 (379,928 sq mi), and a total area figure of 1,009,230 km2 (389,666 sq mi) for the country. Excluding all of these territories in the disputed Kashmir region (including Pakistani-administered territories) would produce a land area figure of 796,355 km2 (307,473 sq mi) and a total area figure of 821,575 km2 (317,212 sq mi). The total area figure is equal to Pakistan's land area added to its water area of 25,220 km2 (9,740 sq mi).
  16. ^ Excludes claims in Antarctica.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g Figures shown in this entry are taken from the CIA.[1]
  18. ^ Source gives area of metropolitan France as 551,500 km2 (212,900 sq mi) and lists overseas regions separately, whose areas sum to 89,179 km2 (34,432 sq mi). Adding these give the total shown here for the entire French Republic. The CIA reports the total as 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi).[1] Another source, the French Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies), gives an area figure of 632,759 km2 (244,310 sq mi).[26] (The CIA gives a water area of metropolitan France as 1,530 km2 (590 sq mi).)
  19. ^ All figures are those cited by the Food and Agriculture Organization.[27]
  20. ^ All figures are those cited by the International Atomic Energy Agency.[28]
  21. ^ If the whole of Western Sahara is included (which Morocco controls approximately two-thirds of), the area would be 710,800 km2 (274,460 sq mi) and the rank would be #39.
  22. ^ Figure shown is from the 2007 data and the CIA World Factbook.[1][17] The UN figure of 435,244 km2 (168,049 sq mi) excludes the three autonomous provinces of Iraqi Kurdistan.
  23. ^ a b Figures shown are from the CIA World Factbook; the UN data refers to mainland area only. All figures exclude Svalbard (62,045 km2 or 23,956 sq mi), Jan Mayen (377 km2 or 146 sq mi) and Bouvet Island (49 km2 or 19 sq mi), shown separately, and the Antarctic territorial claims of Queen Maud Land (2,700,000 km2 or 1,000,000 sq mi) and Peter I Island (154 km2 or 59 sq mi).
  24. ^ Figure shown is from the 2020 (Reiwa 2) Geospatial Information Authority of Japan.[29][30]
  25. ^ Includes the Åland Islands (1,552 km2 or 599 sq mi).
  26. ^ May or may not include the Galápagos Islands (7,880 km2 or 3,040 sq mi). The 2007 data,[17] as well as the current data given by the CIA, explicitly includes the Galápagos and gives the figure as 283,561 km2 (109,484 sq mi).[1]
  27. ^ The total area figure is that reported by the National Institute of Statistics and Demography of Burkina Faso (INSD).[31] The water area is that reported by the Food and Agriculture Organization[32] and the land area is taken to be the difference between these two figures.
  28. ^ The government gives the total figure as 266,838 square kilometres (103,027 sq mi).[33] CIA World Factbook has total/land area of 267,710 km2 (103,360 sq mi). All figures exclude Niue, the Cook Islands and Tokelau, shown separately, as well as the Antarctic claim of Ross Dependency.
  29. ^ Does not include the three Crown dependencies (768 km2 or 297 sq mi) or the 14 overseas territories (1,742,857 km2 or 672,921 sq mi), each shown separately.
  30. ^ Includes the parts of the Golan Heights (1,295 km2 or 500 sq mi) occupied by Israel.
  31. ^ Somaliland is claimed in whole by Somalia, and has no international recognition
  32. ^ Area according to Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics is 147,570 km2 or 56,980 sq mi.[34]
  33. ^ Benin's official total area increased from 112,622 km2 (43,484 sq mi) to 114,763 km2 (44,310 sq mi) following the resolution of the Lete Island dispute in 2005.[36] The water area is that reported by the Food and Agriculture Organization[37] and the land area is the difference between these two figures, rounded to the nearest square kilometre.
  34. ^ The figure shown includes the area of Kosovo and Metohija, which is de facto independent from Serbia as the Republic of Kosovo (10,887 km2 or 4,203 sq mi). The area of Serbia without Kosovo is 77,474 km2 (29,913 sq mi).[1]
  35. ^ The figure shown includes the area of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (3,000 km2 or 1,200 sq mi), which is de facto independent from Azerbaijan.
  36. ^ The figure shown includes the areas of Abkhazia (8,660 km2 or 3,340 sq mi)[39] and South Ossetia (3,900 km2 or 1,500 sq mi),[40] both de facto independent from Georgia.
  37. ^ The UN gives a combined area for Svalbard and Jan Mayen as 62,422 km2 (24,101 sq mi). The separate figures shown are from the CIA World Factbook.[1]
  38. ^ a b c d e f g Data for the Netherlands is from the Central Bureau of Statistics.[41] Source gives area of European Netherlands as 41,528 km2 (16,034 sq mi) and lists the three special municipalities separately, whose areas sum to 322 km2 (124 sq mi). Adding these gives the total shown here for the entire country of the Netherlands.[42] Adding the constituent countries of Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten, the total area of the Kingdom of the Netherlands covers 42,508 km2 (16,412 sq mi).
  39. ^ The figure from the UN demographic yearbook (41,277 km2 or 15,937 sq mi) excludes the areas of state forests and communanzas,[further explanation needed] which amount to 7.15 km2 (2.76 sq mi). The figure here is from the 2007 data.[17]
  40. ^ The UN source does not include data for the Republic of China on Taiwan. The figure shown is from the 2012 Statistical Data from the Ministry of the Interior, Republic of China. The CIA gives a total area of 35,980 km2 (13,890 sq mi). The total constitutional land area of the Republic of China is 11,420,000 km2 (4,410,000 sq mi), which includes modern-day Taiwan, Mongolia, and Mainland China.[43]
  41. ^ The figure shown includes the area of Transnistria (4,163 km2 or 1,607 sq mi), which is de facto independent from Moldova.
  42. ^ Figures shown are from the CIA.[1] The UN/Israel Central Bureau of Statistics figure of 22,072 km2 (8,522 sq mi) includes the Golan Heights (1,200 km2 or 460 sq mi) and East Jerusalem (70 km2 or 27 sq mi), which are not internationally recognised as part of Israel.
  43. ^ Kosovo is claimed in whole by Serbia, and has limited international recognition
  44. ^ Includes the largely unrecognized but de facto independent Northern Cyprus (3,355 km2 or 1,295 sq mi), the UN buffer zone (346 km2 or 134 sq mi) and Akrotiri and Dhekelia (254 km2 or 98 sq mi).[1]
  45. ^ Abkhazia is claimed in whole by Georgia, and has limited international recognition
  46. ^ The UN source has no data for the French Southern and Antarctic Lands. The figure given here is the total of all areas listed separately in the CIA World Factbook.[44]
  47. ^ The CIA gives the areas of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip separately as 5,860 km2 (2,260 sq mi) and 360 km2 (140 sq mi) respectively (http://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/west-bank/; http://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/gaza-strip/). The figure for the West Bank includes East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land, but excludes Mount Scopus.[1]
  48. ^ Transnistria is claimed in whole by Moldova, and has limited international recognition
  49. ^ South Ossetia is claimed in whole by Georgia, and has limited international recognition
  50. ^ Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is a self-declared state recognised only by Turkey.
  51. ^ Figure shown is from the CIA World Factbook.[1] The UN figure of 1,969 km2 (760 sq mi) excludes the Agaléga Islands and Cargados Carajos.[17]
  52. ^ The CIA World Factbook[1] and the UN give an area of 2,235 km2 (863 sq mi), which includes Mayotte (374 km2 (144 sq mi)), an overseas department of France.
  53. ^ Åland Islands is an Autonomous region of Finland. As an Autonomous region of Finland, it is a part of the European Union.
  54. ^ There are some lakes and streams of unknown area.
  55. ^ The figure shown is from the CIA World Factbook,[1] and refers to land area only. The UN figure excludes 84 km2 (32 sq mi) of uninhabited islands.
  56. ^ The figure shown is from the CIA Factbook.[1] The UN value of 539 km2 (208 sq mi) refers to habitable area only and excludes the country's central forest reserve.
  57. ^ The total area of Saint Helena is 122 square kilometres (47 sq mi), Ascension Island is 88 square kilometres (34 sq mi), and Tristan da Cunha is 98 square kilometres (38 sq mi).
  58. ^ Niue, in free association with New Zealand, has limited international recognition
  59. ^ The Cook Islands, in free association with New Zealand, has limited international recognition
  60. ^ a b Data is from the 2007 statistics.[17]
  61. ^ The UN gives no information for the British Indian Ocean Territory. The figure given here was taken from the CIA Factbook, and refers to land area only.[1]
  62. ^ The figure shown is from the CIA Factbook, and includes Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Island.[1] The UN figure is 5 km2 or 1.9 sq mi, and only includes area for Pitcairn island itself, the only inhabited island in the group.
  63. ^ Current statistics: March 2014 – Direcção dos Serviços de Cartografia e Cadastro (Cartography and Cadastre Bureau) Including University of Macau's New Hengqin Campus
  64. ^ The De Agostini Atlas Calendar listed the area of Vatican City as 0.44 km2 in its 1930 edition[46] but corrected it to 0.49 km2 in its 1945–46 edition.[47] The figure of 0.44 km2 is still widely cited by many sources despite its inaccuracy.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Field Listing – Area , The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed 26 December 2020.
  2. ^ Central Intelligence Agency. "Definitions and notes: Location". The World Factbook. Government of the United States. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  3. ^ a b Source, unless otherwise specified: "Demographic Yearbook – Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 July 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2014. Cite journal requires |journal= (help) http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2012.htm Entries in this table giving figures other than the figures given in this source are explained in the associated Note.
  4. ^ a b "Field Listing: Area". The World Factbook. www.cia.gov (Report). Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2021-05-31. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  5. ^ "Country Comparisons: Area". The World Factbook. www.cia.gov (Report). Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2021-03-18. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  6. ^ "List of the total areas of the world's countries, dependencies, and territories". Encyclopedia Britannica. Archived from the original on 2021-05-03. Retrieved 2021-06-09.
  7. ^ "Earth - Basic planetary data". Encyclopedia Britannica. Archived from the original on 2021-06-02. Retrieved 2021-06-09.
  8. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". www.statcan.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 2017-09-25. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
  9. ^ Branch, Government of Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Communications. "Oceans". www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 2016-03-07. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
  10. ^ "China". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 2020-06-11. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
  11. ^ a b c d "United States". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 2015-05-28. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
  12. ^ "China". CIA. Archived from the original on 13 February 2021. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  13. ^ a b "United States". CIA. Archived from the original on 21 March 2021. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  14. ^ "31 Years of CIA World Factbook". CIA. Archived from the original on 26 January 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  15. ^ "IBGE :: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística". ww2.ibge.gov.br. Archived from the original on 2018-06-28. Retrieved 2019-04-25.
  16. ^ Geoscience Australia. "Area of Australia – States and Territories". Government of Australia. Archived from the original on 2 February 2012. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g "Total surface area as of 19 January 2007". United Nations Statistics Division. Archived from the original on 19 October 2018. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  18. ^ a b "Surface area (sq. km)". United Nations: World Development Indicators. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2012.
  19. ^ "Area and Population". Government of India. Archived from the original on 26 December 2007.
  20. ^ Agency of Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan (ASRK). 2005. Main Demographic Indicators. Available at Stat.gov.kz
  21. ^ Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015: Country Report Algeria (PDF) (Report) (in French). FAO. p. 12. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  22. ^ "Indonesia". The World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on 13 April 2021. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  23. ^ "Africa :: Sudan". CIA Factbook. Archived from the original on 31 January 2021. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  24. ^ "GeoHive – Pakistan population statistics". Archived from the original on 2013-04-06.
  25. ^ "SOUTH SUDAN" (PDF). CIA World Factbook. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 November 2020. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  26. ^ Subdivisions, surface area and population of the French Republic , National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies, accessed 11 March 2011.
  27. ^ Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015: Country Report Botswana (PDF) (Report). FAO. p. 14. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  28. ^ IAEA's support to animal health services in Yemen: Background (Report). IAEA. Archived from the original on 15 April 2021. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  29. ^ "令和元年全国都道府県市区町村別面積調(10月1日時点)2020年" (in Japanese). 国土地理院. 25 December 2020. Archived from the original on January 1, 2021. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  30. ^ "Island Countries Of The World". WorldAtlas.com. Archived from the original on 2017-12-07. Retrieved 2019-08-10.
  31. ^ "Quelques chiffres clefs du Burkina Faso". Annuaire statistique 2013 (PDF) (Report) (in French). INSD. December 2014. p. 413. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  32. ^ Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015: Country Report Burkina Faso (PDF) (Report) (in French). FAO. p. 28. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  33. ^ The New Zealand Land Cover Database , New Zealand Ministry for the Environment. Updated 1 July 2009.
  34. ^ "Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 4 September 2011. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
  35. ^ "Government unveils new political map including Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpiyadhura inside Nepal borders". kathmandupost.com. Archived from the original on 2020-05-21. Retrieved 2020-05-20.
  36. ^ "La superficie du Bénin passe de 112.622 km2 à 113.440 km2" (in French). 15 August 2007. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  37. ^ Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015: Country Report Benin (PDF) (Report) (in French). FAO. p. 10. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  38. ^ "Geography of Ireland". Archived from the original on 2009-11-24. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
  39. ^ Abkhazia at Encyclopædia Britannica
  40. ^ South Ossetia at World English Dictionary
  41. ^ Central Bureau of Statistics (2009), "Land – en tuinbouwcijfers, 2009" (PDF), Land- en Tuinbouwcijfers (in Dutch), Government of the Netherlands, Department of Publication and Information: 14, ISSN 1386-9566, archived (PDF) from the original on 6 January 2018, retrieved 6 January 2018
  42. ^ Central Bureau of Statistics (2009), Statistical Yearbook of the Netherlands Antilles, 2009, Willemstad: Government of the Netherlands, Department of Publication and Information, p. 4
  43. ^ "1.1 Number of Villages, Neighborhoods, Households and Resident Population" (PDF). Ministry of the Interior – Republic of China (Taiwan). Archived from the original on 19 January 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
  44. ^ French Southern and Antarctic Lands , CIA Factbook, as of December 29, 2010.
  45. ^ "Lands Department - Hong Kong Geographic Data". www.landsd.gov.hk. Archived from the original on 2021-06-02. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  46. ^ De Agostini Atlas Calendar , 1930, p. 99. (in Italian)
  47. ^ De Agostini Atlas Calendar , 1945–46, p. 128. (in Italian)
  48. ^ "The World Factbook". Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 1 October 2014.

External links