List of wars involving Finland

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This is a list of wars involving the Republic of Finland. The combat in Finland from 1939 through 1945 is considered part of the Second World War.

List[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Finnish leaders Finnish losses
(dead or missing)
Head of State Chief of Defence
Finnish Civil War
(1918)
Flag of Finland 1918 (state).svg White Guard
 Germany
Red flag.svg Red Guard
 Russian SFSR
White Senate victory
  • Russian military presence ceased
Pehr Evind Svinhufvud
C. G. E. Mannerheim
~30,000[1]
(Reds and Whites)
Heimosodat
(1918–1922)
Flag of Finland (1918-1920).svg Finnish volunteers
 Estonia
KarelianNationalFlag.svg East Karelia
Ingrian people.svg North Ingria
 Russian SFSR
United Kingdom Murmansk Legion
Defeat (except in Estonia)[2]
K. J. Ståhlberg
Karl Fredrik Wilkama
~550
Winter War
(1939–1940)
Part of the Second World War
 Finland  Soviet Union Defeat [3]
Kyösti Kallio
C. G. E. Mannerheim
25,904[4]
Continuation War
(1941–1944)
Part of the Second World War
 Finland
 Germany
 Soviet Union Defeat [5]
Risto Ryti
63,204[6]
Lapland War
(1944–1945)
Part of the Second World War
 Finland  Germany Victory
  • German retreat from Finnish territory
C. G. E. Mannerheim
1,036[7]
War in Afghanistan
(2009–present)
 Afghanistan
Afghanistan Taliban Ongoing
Tarja Halonen
Sauli Niinistö
Juhani Kaskeala
Ari Puheloinen
Jarmo Lindberg
2[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Archive
  2. ^ Finnish volunteers oftentimes left the Finnish Defence Forces to avoid making Finland an official combatant in the wars.
  3. ^ Wasserstein, Bernard (2007). Barbarism and Civilization: A History of Europe in our Time. Oxford University Press. p. 125. ISBN 9780191622519.
  4. ^ Finnish detailed death casualties: Dead, buried 16,766; Wounded, died of wounds 3,089; Dead, not buried, later declared as dead 3,503; Missing, declared as dead 1,712; Died as a prisoner of war 20; Other reasons (diseases, accidents, suicides) 677; Unknown 137.
  5. ^ Mouritzen, Hans (1997). External Danger and Democracy: Old Nordic Lessons and New European Challenges. Dartmouth. p. 35. ISBN 1-85521-885-2.
  6. ^ Finnish detailed death casualties: Dead, buried 33,565; Wounded, died of wounds 12,820; Dead, not buried later declared as dead 4,251; Missing, declared as dead 3,552; Died as prisoners of war 473; Other reasons (diseases, accidents, suicides) 7,932; Unknown 611
  7. ^ Ahto 1980, p. 296.
  8. ^ Knefel, John (7 January 2015). "Drone Rules in Afghanistan Go Unchanged, And Other Reasons the War Isn't Really Over". Rolling Stones. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
  9. ^ "OEF: Afghanistan: Fatalities By Year". icasualties.org. 9 September 2005. Retrieved 14 September 2013.