Northern Triangle of Central America

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Northern Triangle of Central America: Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador
The Northern Triangle of Central America three countries, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. These countries share a border tripoint at Trifinio biosphere reserve, and also aspects of classical cultures, history, society, and politics.

The Northern Triangle of Central America refers to the three Central American countries of Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, especially in regard to their economic integration.[1] They have signed trade agreements with Colombia,[2][3] the United States, and Mexico. The agreement with Mexico began in 2001, later involved the Mesoamerica Project, and expanded to Costa Rica and Nicaragua in 2011.

Within these countries there has been resistance, not so much to integration among the countries, but as it relates to negotiation policy outside the region, especially from groups like Guatemalan tenant farmers of the Petén region and the Honduran business class.[citation needed]

This region has one of the highest rates of intentional homicide for a country. According to the United Nations, in 2016 there were 27.26 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants in Guatemala, 82.84 in El Salvador, and 56.52 in Honduras.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Cali, Casa Editorial El País. "Centroamérica, un triángulo de miedo y muerte". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  2. ^ "Tratado de Libre Comercio entre la República de Colombia y las Repúblicas de el Salvador, Guatemala y Honduras". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  3. ^ República, Presidencia de la. "Colombia y el Triángulo del Norte - Comercio, Inversión y seguridad". Presidencia de la República (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  4. ^ "Intentional Homicide Victims | Statistics and Data". Retrieved 2019-07-03.