President of Kazakhstan

Jump to navigation Jump to search
President of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Қазақстан Республикасының Президенті
Qazaqstan Respýblıkasynyń Prezıdenti
Flag of the President of Kazakhstan.svg
Presidential standard
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev (2019-05-29).jpg
Incumbent
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev

since 20 March 2019
ResidenceAk Orda Presidential Palace
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term length5 years, renewable once.
Inaugural holderNursultan Nazarbayev
Formation24 April 1990
SuccessionChairperson of the Senate of Kazakhstan
Salary20,400 USD 7,876,032.18 KZT[1]
Website(in Kazakh) akorda.kz
(in English) www.akorda.kz/en
Emblem of Kazakhstan latin.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Kazakhstan

The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасының Президенті, Qazaqstan Respýblıkasynyń Prezıdenti; Russian: Президент Республики Казахстан) is the head of state, commander-in-chief and holder of the highest office within the Republic of Kazakhstan. The powers of this position are described in a special section of the Constitution of Kazakhstan.

The position was established on 24 April 1990, a year before the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The current President is Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, who assumed office on 20 March 2019 following the resignation of the first President, Nursultan Nazarbayev.[2]

None of the presidential elections held in Kazakhstan have been considered free or fair by Western standards[3] with issues noted including ballot tampering, multiple voting, harassment of opposition candidates and press censorship.

Symbols[edit]

The President of Kazakhstan's decorations include a breast mark and a Presidential Standard.

Presidential Standard[edit]

The Standard of the President of Kazakhstan is similar to the national flag in that it is rectangular in shape with a ratio of 1:2. In the center of the standard is the Emblem of Kazakhstan. It is bordered on three sides with golden fringe.[4][5]

Presidential Standard (1995—2012)

The current presidential standard has been in service as recently as 2012. The former standard, which was used from 1995–2012, was a light blue rectangle there with a golden circle in which the figure of the young Kazakh leader Sakas riding a snow leopard.

Altyn Qyran Order[edit]

The Order of the Golden Eagle (Kazakh: Алтын Қыран ордені or Altyn Qyran Order) is the highest civilian award that can be awarded by the President of Kazakhstan. Its purpose is to recognize outstanding service to the country by Kazakh and foreign citizens. As head of state, the President is de facto Commander special class of the Order of Altyn Kyran.[6][7]

President in the Constitution[edit]

Item 5 of Article 42 of the Constitution determines that no one can be elected president more than two terms in a row, but it also states that "The present restriction shall not extend on the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan." [8]

Article 46 says that the President's "honor and dignity shall be inviolable" and that his expenses shall be paid by the state. Item 4 of the article outlines the special status and authority of the first president, and refers to a special constitutional act for definitions.[8] According to this act, the first president possesses total, absolute and termless immunity for all actions he performs while in office, and that he remains a government official until his death. He also retains the ability to speak to the people of Kazakhstan, keeps guards, communication, transport, and state support of his activity, and that his official apartment and summer residence became his property with official maintenance. He is also provided with medical care, sanatorium, pensions and insurance.

On April 26, 2015 Nursultan Nazarbayev was re-elected for his 5th presidential term.[9] The official ceremony of the inauguration took place at the Palace of Independence in Nur-Sultan on April 29.[9] At the inauguration ceremony the re-elected president assured the nation that he would continue the 5 institutional reforms that he had offered earlier, which would contribute to the consistent growth and development of the country.[9]

On January 25, 2017 President Nursultan Nazarbayev laid the groundwork for reforms to the constitution that would redistribute executive powers to the parliament and ministries for the purpose of more open and efficient governance.[10]

Presidential Administration[edit]

An official document of the presidency.

The Presidential Administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасы Президентінің Әкімшілігі/Russian: Администрация Президента Республики Казахстан) reports directly to the president and aids him/her in their everyday dates. It was established in accordance of Presidential Decree No. 2565 on October 20, 1995. It is currently based at the Ak-Orda Presidential Palace in the capital city of Nur-Sultan. Prior to that, it was based in Almaty.[11]

Heads of the Presidential Administration[edit]

Latest election[edit]

Prior to the 2011 election, President Nazarbayev wrote an op-ed for the Washington Post titled "Kazakhstan’s steady progress toward democracy".[12]

Kazakhstan's fifth presidential election was held on April 26, 2015.[13] Nursultan Nazarbayev was re-elected with 97.7% of the vote.[14] A total of 858 observers from 19 countries were present at the polling stations during the election.[14] According to Joseph Misfud, member of the election observation mission from Great Britain and head of the Diplomatic Academy of London, "the elections met all the EU standards".[15]

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and other international monitors criticised the election as unfair, with issues noted including the closure of media outlets critical of the government and the jailing of opposition activists.[16] OSCE spokesperson Cornelia Jonker criticised the lack of a "genuine choice" for voters and also argued that there were "significant restrictions to the freedom of expression."[17]

The date of Kazakhstan's fifth presidential election is June 9, 2019. It is the first election since the resignation of the First President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev.[18]

Presidents of Kazakhstan (1990–present)[edit]

The "No." column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as president, while the "Elected" column consecutively numbers the Presidential terms or administrations.

No. Name Portrait Elected Term of office Political party
1 Nursultan Nazarbayev
Нұрсұлтан Назарбаев
(1940–)
Встреча Владимира Путина с Нурсултаном Назарбаевым 2 (cropped).jpg 24 April 1990 1 December 1991 Communist Party of Kazakhstan
1
1991
1 December 1991 14 December 1991
(1) 14 December 1991 20 January 1999 Independent
2
1999
20 January 1999 1 March 1999
(1) 1 March 1999 11 January 2006 Otan
3
2005
11 January 2006 1 December 2006
(1) 1 December 2006 8 April 2011 Nur Otan
4
2011
8 April 2011 29 April 2015
5
2015
29 April 2015 20 March 2019[19]
(resigned from office)
2 Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Қасым-Жомарт Тоқаев
(1953–)
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev (2019-05-29).jpg 20 March 2019[20] 12 June 2019 Nur Otan
6
2019
12 June 2019 Incumbent

Rank by time in office[edit]

Rank President Time in office
1 Nursultan Nazarbayev 27 years, 94 days[21]
2 Kassym-Jomart Tokayev 214 days

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Сколько зарабатывает Путин и президенты других стран / FinHow.ru". finhow.ru.
  2. ^ Kazakhstan President Embassy of Kazakhstan
  3. ^ Kazakhstan's long term president to run in snap election – again, The Guardian, 11 March 2015
  4. ^ "Официальный сайт Президента РК :: КАЗАХСТАН". web.archive.org. 5 October 2008.
  5. ^ "Персональная страница". personal.akorda.kz.
  6. ^ "Symbols of power". Akorda. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Awards and orders of the Republic of Kazakhstan". Government of Kazakhstan. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  8. ^ a b Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan Archived 2007-10-20 at the Wayback Machine Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan
  9. ^ a b c "Re-elected President Inaugurated, Announces Five Reform Efforts". astanatimes.com.
  10. ^ "Kazakh President Unveils Plans of Constitutional Reforms". The Astana Times.
  11. ^ "Электронное правительство Республики Казахстан -". egov.kz.
  12. ^ Kazakhstan’s steady progress toward democracy Washington Post
  13. ^ "Nearly 10 mn voters to head to polls to elect Kazakh president". latino.foxnews.com. Archived from the original on 2016-01-01.
  14. ^ a b "Kazakhstan strongman leader re-elected with 97.7% amid record voter turnout". rt.com.
  15. ^ "Elections in Kazakhstan meet all EU standards - Joseph Mifsud". 2015-04-26. Retrieved 2019-06-01.
  16. ^ "Kazakh strongman says sorry for landslide election victory". telegraph.co.uk. 27 April 2015.
  17. ^ Kazakhstan president Nursultan Nazarbayev wins re-election with 97.7 per cent of vote, ABC Australia, 28 April 2015
  18. ^ "Early presidential election in Kazakhstan set for June 9; President Tokayev pledges fair and transparent vote". The Astana Times.
  19. ^ "Kazakh President Nazarbaev Abruptly Announces Resignation". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  20. ^ "Обязанности президента Казахстана будет исполнять спикер Сената Токаев". ТАСС.
  21. ^ Counting from the declaration of independence on 16 December 1991.