Rear Palace

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walls of the former Rear Palace

Rear Palace (วังหลัง wang lang) was a royal residence that belonged to the deputy Uparaja of Siam, who held the title Krom Phraratchawang Bowon Sathan Phimuk (Thai: กรมพระราชวังบวรสถานพิมุข).[1]

Around the time of Luang Sorasak's appointment, King Phetracha also appointed a Third King, Krom Phraratchawang Bowon Sathan Phimuk or Rear Palace. Nai Chopkhotchaprasit, a commoner, was appointed to the position. He, however, fell out of favour at some time during the king's reign and was executed. Around 1703, King Sanpet VIII appointed Prince Petch, his first-born son, as the Front Palace and younger son Prince Porn as Rear Palace. Because of the inauspicious end of the first Rear Palace, the King decided to change the title of the Front and Rear Palaces to Phra Banthun Yai (พระบัณฑูรใหญ่) and Phra Banthun Noi (พระบัณฑูรน้อย) respectively. The literal translation is "Big" and "Little Royal Command," thus analogous to the naval ranks of Commander and Lieutenant Commander. The titles were later merged.

Prince Anurak Devesh, a nephew of King Rama I, was the only Rear Palace appointed during the Rattanakosin period, in 1785. After his death in 1806, the office went vacant. Siriraj Hospital in Bangkok is now on the site of the former Rear Palace.

List of Rear Palace lords[edit]


Rear Palace Appointed by Reign
Chopkhotchaprasit Phetracha circa 1688–?
Borommakot Sanpet VIII circa 1703–1708


Rear Palace Appointed by Reign
Anurak Devesh Phutthayotfa Chulalok (Rama I) circa 1782–1806

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Rabibhadana, Akin (July 1969). "The Organization of Thai Society in the Early Bangkok Period" (PDF). Cornell Thailand Project Interim Reports Series. Number 12: 31.

External links[edit]