Stephen Moore (writer)
|Born||February 16, 1960|
Winnetka, Illinois, U.S.
|Education||University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (BA)|
George Mason University (MA)
|Known for||Founding President of the Club for Growth|
Member of the Editorial Board of The Wall Street Journal
Chief Economist of the Heritage Foundation
Stephen Moore (born February 16, 1960) is an American writer and television commentator on economic issues. He co-founded and served as president of the Club for Growth from 1999 to 2004. Moore is a former member of the Wall Street Journal editorial board. He worked at the Heritage Foundation during the period from 1983 to 1987 and again since 2014. Moore advised Herman Cain's 2012 presidential campaign and Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign.
Moore advocates tax cuts and other supply-side policies. Moore's columns have appeared in outlets such as the Wall Street Journal, The Washington Times, The Weekly Standard and National Review. In 2017, he left Fox News Channel to join CNN as a senior economic analyst, leaving that position in early 2019. Along with Larry Kudlow, Moore advised the Trump administration during the writing and passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.
Moore grew up in New Trier Township, Illinois. He attended Saints Faith Hope & Charity School in Winnetka and graduated from New Trier High School in 1978. He received a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) from the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign and a Master of Arts (M.A.) in economics from George Mason University.
From 1983 to 1987, Moore served as the Grover M. Hermann Fellow in Budgetary Affairs at the Heritage Foundation. In 1987, Moore was research director of President Ronald Reagan's Privatization Commission. Moore spent ten years as a fellow of the Cato Institute, a libertarian think tank. As senior economist of the U.S. Congress Joint Economic Committee under Chairman Dick Armey of Texas, Moore was said to be "instrumental in creating the FairTax proposal".
In 1999, Moore co-founded the Club for Growth, a group advocating tax cuts and a reduction in government spending, becoming its president. While president of the group, Moore targeted "Republicans in Name Only" who he viewed as out of line with his anti-tax views. Moore criticized Republican Senators who did not readily embrace tax cuts, including Arlen Specter, Olympia Snowe, and George Voinovich.
At the Club for Growth, Moore sought to change the Republican party and in a 2003 interview, said, "We want to take over the party's fund-raising. We want it to be, in 10 years, that no one can win a Senate or a House seat without the support of the Club for Growth." From 2003 to 2004, the Club for Growth was the single largest fundraiser for Republican House and Senate candidates, only being outdone by the Republican party itself.
In December 2004, the Club for Growth’s board voted to remove Moore as president, with his opponents in the organization upset by his criticism of President George Bush and by the narrow defeat of Senator Pat Toomey, who had the group’s support. After Moore's departure, lawyers for the group sent letters to him and members of his new organization, the Free Enterprise Fund, threatening legal action for allegedly stealing the group's mailing list to raise funds for his new organization; Moore's partner Mallory Factor stated the list was acquired elsewhere.
After he left the Club for Growth, Moore founded the 501(c)(4) Free Enterprise Fund with other former Club for Growth members including Arthur Laffer and Mallory Factor. In 2005, Moore left the Free Enterprise Fund to serve on the editorial board of the Wall Street Journal.
On September 19, 2005, the Federal Election Commission (FEC) filed suit against the Club For Growth, alleging that the group had failed to register as a political action committee in the 2000, 2002, and 2004 election cycles "despite spending millions of dollars on federal campaign activity during the 2000, 2002, and 2004 election cycle." In 2007, the FEC and the Club for Growth agreed to settle the lawsuit, paying $350,000.
Moore is a former partner in the firm Arduin, Laffer & Moore Econometrics.
On January 21, 2014, the Heritage Foundation announced that Moore would rejoin the think tank as chief economist. Since March 2015 his profile on the Heritage website has described him as a "Distinguished Visiting Fellow."
In May 2015, Moore co-founded the Committee to Unleash American Prosperity with Laffer, Larry Kudlow, and Steve Forbes, to attempt to persuade Democratic and GOP politicians running for President to focus on fighting against "slow growth and stagnant incomes".
Writings and statements
In July 2008, as the Fed had for months been rapidly cutting interest rates as the economy weakened into what became the Great Recession, Moore stated, "I happen to believe we should be raising rates, not cutting them."
In 2009, Moore described climate change as "the biggest scam of the last two decades." In columns and op-eds, Moore called those with concerns about climate change "Stalinistic" and has accused climate scientists as being part of a global conspiracy of obtain money via research grants, asserting that a "tidal wave of funding" revealed "a powerful financial motive for scientists to conclude that the apocalypse is upon us." In an April 2019 interview, Moore said that the Federal Reserve should not consider the economic impacts of climate change in decisionmaking.
Moore wrote a 2014 Kansas City Star opinion piece entitled, "What's the matter with Paul Krugman?," responding to Krugman's earlier opinion piece "Charlatans, Cranks and Kansas," which had discussed a recent major tax cut in Kansas. Moore said that job creation had been superior in low-taxation states during the five years ending June 2009 following the recession. After errors were found in Moore's data, he sought to correct the errors with different data that were also incorrect. Miriam Pepper, editorial page editor for the Star stated "I won't be running anything else from Stephen Moore."
In a 2014 op-ed in the Washington Times, Moore cited the role of a "culture of virtue" in America’s economic success, writing, "What is irrefutable is that marriage with a devoted husband and wife in the home is a far better social program than food stamps, Medicaid, public housing or even all of them combined."
Moore has often expressed support for some variation of a gold standard. In 2015 he declared, "We have got to get rid of the Federal Reserve and move towards a gold standard in this country!" Few economists support a gold standard.
During a 2016 debate on the minimum wage, Moore stated, "I’m a radical on this. I’d get rid of a lot of these child labor laws. I want people starting to work at 11, 12."
Moore served as one of the top economic advisers to Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign. Moore is known to be a strong supporter of President Trump. In 2018, Moore and Laffer wrote the book Trumponomics, in which they lauded the Trump administration's economic policies and criticized the economic performance of the George W. Bush years. Trump endorsed the book in a March 2019 tweet. In the book, Moore and Laffer argue that the Trump administration's 2017 tax plan would raise GDP growth rates to as much as 6% and not increase budget deficits. In a 2019 review of the book, the anti-Trump conservative N. Gregory Mankiw, an economics professor at Harvard University and head of the Council of Economic Advisors under President George W. Bush, described the book as "snake-oil economics," writing that Moore and Laffer's analysis was based on "wishful thinking" rather than "the foundation of professional consensus or serious studies from peer-reviewed journals." A New York Post review of Trumponomics described the book as addressing "the elephant in the room — how Trump built the platform of economic growth and jobs that managed to crack the Democrats’ presidential-election ‘Blue Wall’ and leave our newscasters agape."
Moore asserted in a December 2018 appearance on CNN that the Federal Reserve was causing deflation in the economy, although Commerce Department data showed there was consistent inflation. In April 2019 Moore asserted deflation was "the whole reason the economy was so poor in late 2018," although inflation was 2.2% in the fourth quarter of 2018.
In September 2018, Moore wrote a Wall Street Journal opinion piece entitled, "The Corporate Tax Cut Is Paying for Itself," in which he asserted that "faster-than-expected growth has produced a revenue windfall." Corporate tax receipts for the fiscal year ended September 2018 were down 31% from the prior fiscal year, the largest decline since records began in 1934, except for during the Great Recession when corporate profits, and hence corporate tax receipts, plummeted.
In February 2019, Moore stated, "There's no bigger swamp in Washington than the Federal Reserve Board. It's filled with hundreds of economists who are worthless, who have the wrong model in their mind. They should all be, they should all be fired and they should be replaced by good economists."
Before his nomination to the Federal Reserve Board, in late December 2018 Moore stated, while on a radio talk show, that he believed "the people on the Federal Reserve Board should be thrown out for economic malpractice".
On March 13, 2019, Moore co-authored a column in the Wall Street Journal which asserted that the Federal Reserve's policies were slowing the economy and causing "wild swings in the stock market," at a time the Dow was up 13% for the year. He also asserted that the Fed should focus more on commodities price changes rather than overall price changes, citing a "commodity-price rule" he said had been adopted by former Fed chairman Paul Volcker in the 1980s, although Volcker adopted no such rule. Moore later asserted in a television interview that this policy was known as the "Volcker Rule," although the Volcker Rule relates to a policy to restrict speculation by commercial banks that was proposed in the aftermath of the Great Recession. Larry Kudlow, the Director of the U.S. National Economic Council, showed the article to President Trump, who decided he wanted to place Moore on the Federal Reserve Board.
Moore called for higher interest rates when the economy was recovering from the Great Recession under Barack Obama, but has called for lower rates when the economy has fully recovered and continues to grow under Donald Trump. Moore stated in August 2018, "I have to confess: I was wrong about inflation in 2009 and 2010. I thought there would be a lot of inflation with the Fed lowering rates to practically zero, and that was wrong."
Federal Reserve Board candidacy
On March 22, 2019, Trump announced he would nominate Moore to fill one of the two vacant seats at the Federal Reserve Board of Governors. After the nomination was announced, Moore stated "I’m kind of new to this game, frankly, so I’m going to be on a steep learning curve myself about how the Fed operates, how the Federal Reserve makes it decisions, and this is a real, exciting opportunity for me."
Democratic Senators denounced Moore as unqualified for the post, and called upon Trump to drop the nomination. Democrats also criticized Moore over an unpaid $75,000 tax lien entered against him. Conversely, key Republican senators expressed support for Moore's nomination, including key members of the Senate Banking Committee, which considers nomination to the Fed board. Republican senator Richard Shelby said, "I’ve always said they could use diversity, you don’t need to be a Nobel laureate or University of Chicago professor."
Endorsements for Moore's nomination came from his long-time collaborator Larry Kudlow, who recommended the appointment, and from Adam Brandon, president of the conservative advocacy group FreedomWorks. Moore’s former employer, The Wall Street Journal editorial board, endorsed Moore for the Fed on March 28, 2019.
In an appearance on Fox Business Network, political commentator Charlie Gasparino described Steve Moore as "the counterweight to [Chair of the Federal Reserve Jerome] Powell’s hawkishness." Journalist Fred Barnes defended Moore from his critics, writing, "He’s a disrupter, like Trump. That’s why the president likes him. And that’s why Moore is what the sluggish Federal Reserve needs most of all: a fresh voice who argues loudly for faster growth and thus better times in America."
The nomination stirred immediate criticism by economists, and was widely viewed as the most political appointment to the Federal Reserve Board since the 1980s. Benn Steil, director of international economics for the Council on Foreign Relations, stated he found the decision appalling. Monetary economist George Selgin stated he believed Moore was unfit to serve on the Board. Economist Justin Wolfers called the selection of Moore "the first genuinely bad Trump pick for the Fed" and called on the Senate not to confirm Moore. Harvard economics professor Greg Mankiw said that Moore "does not have the intellectual gravitas" for the position.
On April 15, 2019, 105 professors, former government officials and analysts signed a one-sentence letter expressing "support" for Moore's candidacy for the Federal Reserve Board. Signatories included Steve Forbes, Ed Feulner, and Bill Ford, the former President of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
Economist Menzie Chinn noted that Moore has not authored or co-authored any peer-reviewed journal articles.
In April 2019, CNN and The New York Times reported on several articles Moore had written in the National Review in the early 2000s that denigrated women, which Moore dismissed as spoofs or jokes. The Times reported, "Congressional Republicans say [Moore's views on interest rates and the gold standard] are less likely to impede Mr. Moore’s confirmation prospects than concerns over his personal life and past statements."
On May 2, 2019, Moore withdrew his name from consideration, saying "The unrelenting attacks on my character have become untenable for me and my family and 3 more months of this would be too hard on us." Following his withdrawal, Moore penned an op-ed in the Wall Street Journal where he decried his critics, writing, "What did me in was not my economic ideas but gutter campaign tactics and personal assaults." Some Senate Republicans expressed relief that they would not have to cast a vote for or against him, because of his history of remarks deprecating women as well as a concern that he would not be independent from the White House.
Moore was married to Allison Moore until 2011. In 2012, a Virginia court held Moore in contempt of court for failing to pay his ex-wife $300,000 in spousal support, child support and other obligations in his divorce settlement. Moore did not respond to repeated court requests to make payments and failed to appear for a deposition before the court threatened to have him arrested and ordered him to sell his home to make the payments; the court revoked the order at Moore’s request after he made a $217,000 payment. In January 2018, the IRS obtained a tax lien against Moore for $75,328 in unpaid federal taxes, interest and penalties, alleging Moore had filed a "fraudulent" tax return in 2014. Moore contended that his accountant made an error in improperly deducting child support payments and that the lien was the result of an IRS miscalculation, though Moore claims to have paid the lien and Montgomery County, Maryland Circuit Court records show the case is closed. In addition to the child support payments, the IRS also disallowed other deductions Moore had claimed.
Moore did not contest Allison’s divorce petition which asserted he stated to his children, "I have two women, and what's really bad is when they fight over you" in front of her during their son’s graduation ceremony. Allison also asserted Moore was having an affair that he was "neither discreet nor inconspicuous" about, leaving receipts for dinners with his lover around the house and buying her a t-shirt with the words "Doing It." Both Allison and Stephen Moore issued complimentary statements about each other in April 2019, with Allison stating "Steve Moore and I reconciled through our divorce many years ago and we would hope the media would respect our privacy. We remain on cordial terms."
- Trumponomics: Inside the America First Plan to Revive Our Economy, with Arthur B. Laffer. (All Points Books, 2018) ISBN 9781250193711
- Crash Landing: How Bush, Bernanke, Pelosi and Obama Have Wrecked the U. S. Economy (And How To Salvage America's Future)(Audio CD)(Blackstone Audio, 2014) ISBN 1482923874
- The End of Prosperity with Arthur B. Laffer and Peter Tanous (Threshold Editions, 2008) ISBN 1-4165-9238-5
- Bullish On Bush: How George Bush's Ownership Society Will Make America Stronger (Madison Books, 2004) ISBN 1-56833-261-0
- It's Getting Better All the Time: 100 Greatest Trends of the Last 100 Years with Julian L. Simon (Cato Institute, 2000) ISBN 1-882577-97-3
- (editor) Restoring the Dream: What House Republicans Plan to Do Now to Strengthen the Family, Balance the Budget, and Replace Welfare (Times Mirror, 1995).
- Still an Open Door? U.S. Immigration Policy and the American Economy (American University Press, 1994)
- Privatization: A Strategy for Taming the Deficit (The Heritage Foundation, 1988)
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- Powell, James Lawrence (2011). The Inquisition of Climate Science. Columbia University Press. p. 149. ISBN 9780231527842.
- Scott Waldman, Trump's pick for Fed sees global conspiracy on climate, E&E News (March 27, 2019).
- Moore, Stephen (December 18, 2018). "Follow the (Climate Change) Money". Creators Syndicate.
- Scott Waldman, Trump Fed pick won't consider economic effects of climate, E&E News (April 9, 2019).
- Moore, Stephen (2014-07-07). "Stephen Moore: What's the matter with Paul Krugman? Give Kansas tax breaks time to work". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
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- "Eight times that Trump Fed pick Stephen Moore has endorsed some version of the gold standard". Media Matters for America. April 16, 2019.
- Tankersley, Jim; Rappeport, Alan (April 22, 2019). "As Herman Cain Bows Out of Fed Contention, Focus Shifts to Stephen Moore" – via NYTimes.com.
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- N. Gregory Mankiw. "Snake-Oil Economics: The Bad Math Behind Trump's Policies". Foreign Affairs (January/February 2019). ISSN 0015-7120.
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- "Inflation Based on Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: All Items". FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. January 1, 1947.
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- Moore, Stephen (September 18, 2018). "Opinion: The Corporate Tax Cut Is Paying for Itself". Wall Street Journal.
- "Analysis: With corporate tax receipts sagging, the federal deficit hits a monthly high". Washington Post.
- "Corporate Tax Receipts Took an Unprecedented Drop This Year". www.pgpf.org.
- "Corporate Profits 🠉, Corporate Federal Tax Collections 🠋". ITEP.
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- "Opinion: The op-ed that got Stephen Moore his Fed nomination is based on two major falsehoods". Washington Post.
- Moore, Stephen; Woodhill, Louis (13 March 2019). "The Fed Is a Threat to Growth". Wall Street Journal.
- "Analysis | Trump has flipped on the Fed. Will conservatives join him?". Washington Post.
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- CNN, Andrew Kaczynski and Paul LeBlanc. "Trump Fed pick Stephen Moore called it a 'travesty' that women 'feel free' to play sports with men". CNN.
- Tankersley, Jim; Rappeport, Alan (22 April 2019). "As Herman Cain Bows Out of Fed Contention, Focus Shifts to Stephen Moore" – via NYTimes.com.
- Moore, Stephen (2019-05-02). "Opinion | My Brush With Personal Destruction". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2019-05-20.
- Elliott, Philip (May 2, 2019). "Republicans Quietly Relieved After Stephen Moore Withdraws From Federal Reserve Nomination". Time. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
- Tankersley, Jim; Thrush, Glenn; Cohen, Patricia (1 April 2019). "Trump Fed Pick's Divorce Records Are Put Under Temporary Seal" – via NYTimes.com.
- Kiernan, Paul (2019-04-24). "Moore Hopeful for Fed Post, but Says He Would Bow Out If He Becomes Liability". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2019-05-20.
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- Schwartz, Dan Mangan, Brian (2 April 2019). "Trump's Federal Reserve nominee Stephen Moore's messy divorce". www.cnbc.com.
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- Timiraos, Nick (March 27, 2019). "Trump Fed Pick Stephen Moore Owes Over $75,000 in Unpaid Taxes" – via www.wsj.com.
|Non-profit organization positions|
|New office|| President of the Club for Growth