Tewkesbury (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Tewkesbury in Gloucestershire
Location of Gloucestershire within England
|Electorate||77,206 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Laurence Robertson (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Cirencester & Tewkesbury, Cheltenham and West Gloucestershire|
|Number of members||1610–1868: Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Stroud, Forest of Dean, and Cirencester & Tewkesbury|
|European Parliament constituency||South West England|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections 1997–2017
- 6 Election results 1868-1918
- 7 Election results 1832–1868
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes and references
- 10 Sources
1610 to 1918
Tewkesbury existed in this period, first in the parliamentary borough form. It returned two MPs until this was reduced to one in 1868, then saw itself become instead a larger county division under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, and it was abolished in 1918.
- Prominent politicians
- William Dowdeswell was Chancellor of the Exchequer for two years under Rockingham, and his short tenure of this position appears to have been a successful one, he being in Lecky's words a good financier, but nothing more. To general astonishment, he refused to abandon his friends and to take an office under The 1st Earl of Chatham ("Pitt the Elder"), who succeeded Rockingham in August 1766. Dowdeswell then led the Rockingham party in the House of Commons, taking an active part in debate until his death. In 1774 he warned MPs against passing the Boston Port Act, related to the later Boston Tea Party.
- Charles Hanbury-Tracy was heir to much of the Pontypool part the growing iron industry and served as the chairman of the commission of 1835 that commissioned the new Houses of Parliament and judged designs.
- After service for Tewkesbury Frederick Lygon, 6th Earl Beauchamp entered the Lords and then served in Cabinet positions under the earlier governments headed by Lord Salisbury, before the turn-of-the century third government.
1997 to date
The fourth periodic review of Westminster constituencies in 1997 saw the seat's recreation, from the similar, but slightly larger county division Tewkesbury and Cirencester, compared to the present seat.
1885–1918: The Municipal Boroughs of Gloucester and Tewkesbury, the Sessional Divisions of Berkeley, Cheltenham, Gloucester, Tewkesbury, and Winchcombe, part of the Sessional Division of Whitminster, and the parish of Slimbridge.
1997–2010: The Borough of Tewkesbury wards of Ashchurch, Bishop's Cleeve East, Bishop's Cleeve North, Bishop's Cleeve South, Brockworth Glebe, Brockworth Moorfield, Brockworth Westfield, Churchdown Brookfield, Churchdown Parton, Churchdown Pirton, Cleeve Hill, Coombe Hill, Crickley, De Winton, Dumbleton, Gotherington, Horsbere, Innsworth, Shurdington, Tewkesbury Mitton, Tewkesbury Newtown, Tewkesbury Prior's Park, Tewkesbury Town, Twyning, and Winchcombe, and the Borough of Cheltenham wards of Leckhampton with Up Hatherley, Prestbury, and Swindon.
2010–present: The Borough of Tewkesbury wards of Ashchurch with Walton Cardiff, Badgeworth, Brockworth, Churchdown Brookfield, Churchdown St John’s, Cleeve Grange, Cleeve Hill, Cleeve St Michael’s, Cleeve West, Coombe Hill, Hucclecote, Innsworth with Down Hatherley, Isbourne, Northway, Oxenton Hill, Shurdington, Tewkesbury Newtown, Tewkesbury Prior's Park, Tewkesbury Town with Mitton, Twyning, and Winchcombe, the Borough of Cheltenham wards of Prestbury and Swindon Village, and the City of Gloucester ward of Longlevens.
As its name suggests, the main town in the constituency is Tewkesbury, but other settlements include Twyning, Ashchurch, Bishop's Cleeve, Winchcombe, Prestbury, Brockworth, Churchdown, Innsworth and Longlevens.
The town has a raised centre with the second largest parish church in the country that is the church of a former Benedictine monastery, named Tewkesbury Abbey, the town also has its own mustard and July medieval battle festival. Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.2% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
- Constituency created (1610)
The constituency was enfranchised on 23 March 1610 – the first record of its members sworn is 16 April 1610.
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|Parliament of 1604–1611 (1610)||Sir Dudley Digges||Edward Ferrers|
|Addled Parliament (1614)||Sir John Ratcliffe|
|Parliament of 1621–1622||Giles Brydges|
|Happy Parliament (1624–1625)||Sir Baptist Hicks|
|Useless Parliament (1625)|
|Parliament of 1625–1626|
|Parliament of 1628–1629||Sir Thomas Colepeper|
|May 1628||Sir William Hicks|
|1868||William Edwin Price||Liberal|
|1886||Sir John Dorington||Conservative|
|1906||Hon. Michael Hicks Beach||Conservative|
|1916||William Frederick Hicks-Beach||Unionist|
MPs since 1997
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Alex Hegenbarth|
|Labour||Manjinder Singh Kang||12,874||21.8||+7.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Cait Clucas||7,981||13.5||−0.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Alistair Cameron||7,629||13.8||−21.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Alistair Cameron||19,162||35.5||+7.1|
|Monster Raving Loony||George Ridgeon||319||0.6||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Alistair Cameron||12,447||27.4||+1.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Martin||11,863||26.2||-1.8|
Election in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||John Sewell||14,625||28.0||-7.1|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Election results 1868-1918
Elections in the 1910s
|Independent||William J. Boosey||1,438||16.8||N/A|
General election 1914/15:
Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|Conservative||Michael Hicks Beach||5,699||52.0||−1.2|
|Liberal||Robert Ashton Lister||5,267||48.0||+3.3|
|Conservative||Michael Hicks Beach||6,050||53.2||+2.6|
|Liberal||Robert Ashton Lister||5,088||44.7||−4.7|
Elections in the 1900s
|Conservative||Michael Hicks Beach||5,321||50.6||N/A|
|Liberal||Robert Ashton Lister||5,194||49.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1890s
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+1.7|
|Conservative||John Arthur Fowler||298||44.0||−5.3|
|Liberal||William Edwin Price||350||50.7||−1.4|
|Conservative||John Arthur Fowler||341||49.3||+1.4|
Election in the 1870s
|Liberal||William Edwin Price||350||52.0||−4.0|
Elections in the 1860s
|Liberal||William Edwin Price||355||56.0||+27.5|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+27.5|
- Seat reduced to one member.
Election results 1832–1868
Elections in the 1860s
- Caused by Dowdeswell's resignation to context the 1866 West Worcestershire by-election.
|Conservative||William Edward Dowdeswell||195||37.0||N/A|
|Turnout||264 (est)||81.1 (est)||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal|
- Caused by Lygon's resignation to stand at the 1864 West Worcestershire by-election.
Elections in the 1850s
- Caused by the appointment of Lygon as a Civil Lord of the Admiralty
|Conservative||Edward William Cox||25||4.8||−8.8|
|Turnout||261 (est)||70.2 (est)||−3.0|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+16.4|
|Conservative||Edward William Cox||147||27.2||+27.2|
|Turnout||271 (est)||73.2 (est)||+62.7|
Elections in the 1840s
|Turnout||43 (est)||10.5 (est)||N/A|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+16.8|
Elections in the 1830s
|Conservative gain from Whig|
|Whig win (new seat)|
|Whig win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Cannot have been Sir Robert Long Bt as stated by Williams as he was a Royalist.
- of Castle Island, Ireland
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian.
- Williams, William Retlaw (October 4, 1898). "The parliamentary history of the county of Gloucester, including the cities of Bristol and Gloucester, and the boroughs of Cheltenham, Cirencester, Stroud, and Tewkesbury, from the earliest times to the present day, 1213-1898". Hereford : Priv. print. for the author by Jakeman and Carver – via Internet Archive.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)
- At the election of November 1640 a double return was made: Sir Robert Cooke, Sir Edward Alford, John Craven and Edward Stephens were all returned. The election was declared void on 6 August 1641.
- Alford's election was declared void and his opponent, Stephens, was declared duly elected. However, Alford had also been elected for Arundel, and continued to sit for that borough.
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844–1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 119–121. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- "Liverpool Mail". 13 July 1837. p. 2. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Intelligence". Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette. 8 January 1835. p. 3. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 155. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via Google Books.
- "Wilts and Gloucestershire Standard". 10 August 1847. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Aris's Birmingham Gazette". 26 July 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Worcester Journal". 15 July 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Alex Hegenbarth selected for Tewkesbury". Mark Pack. July 22, 2018.
- "Prospective General Election Candidates". Green Party Members' Website.
- "Known candidates for Tewkesbury in the 2017 general election". Democracy Club. 12 May 2017. Archived from the original on 14 May 2017. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Statement of Results". Tewkesbury Borough Council. 8 May 2015. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
- "Tewkesbury". UK Polling Report 2015. YouGov. 2015. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
- "Full Green Slate for Gloucestershire". South West Green Party. 23 October 2014. Archived from the original on 14 May 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Percentage change and swing for 2010 is calculated relative to the PA (Rallings and Thrasher) 2005 notional result, not actual 2005 result "Press Association Elections". Press Association. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Percentage change and swing for 1997 is calculated relative to the Rallings and Thrasher 1992 notional constituency result, not actual 1992 result. See C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 286. ISBN 9781349022984.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916.
- Gloucester Journal 16 May 1914.
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 303–304. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Tewkesbury Election". Durham County Advertiser. 9 July 1880. p. 5. Retrieved 12 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Cheltenham Journal and Gloucestershire Fashionable Weekly Gazette". 12 July 1852. p. 1. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- D. Brunton & D. H. Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
- F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
- J. Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
- Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847 (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig — Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)