Thao Thep Krasattri and Thao Si Sunthon

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Close-up of Thao Thep Krasattri and Thao Si Sunthon's monument prototype, the built one is in Phuket

Thao Thep Krasattri (ท้าวเทพกระษัตรี) and Thao Si Sunthon (ท้าวศรีสุนทร) were styles awarded to Than Phu Ying Chan (ท่านผู้หญิงจัน), wife of the then recently deceased governor of Mueang Thalang, Phuket Province (also known as Junk Ceylon), and her sister, Khun Muk (คุณมุก), who defended the island in the Burmese–Siamese War (1785–1786). According to popular belief, they repelled a five-week invasion by Burmese in 1785, killing male soldiers and rallying Siamese troops. They were also referred to as Chan and Mook.

Chan and Muk were later honored by King Rama I with the Thai honorific Thao, as Thao Thep Krasattri and Thao Si Sunthon, respectively.[1][2][3][4][5]

Francis Light, founder of Penang, became family friends with Chan and Mook and her husband, the Governor of Thalang. In 1785, he warned the Siamese on the island of an imminent Burmese attack. Light's warning enabled the islanders, led by Chan and Mook, to prepare for Thalang's defence and subsequently repel the Burmese invasion.[6]

The "Heroine's Monument" honouring them is situated on the main highway (402) between the Phuket International Airport and Phuket town.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Changing Identities Among the Baba Chinese and Thai Muslims in a Tourist Paradise, Khoo Su Nin (Salma) Nasution" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-04. Retrieved 2010-07-08.
  2. ^ Phuket history by Richard Russell MD
  3. ^ phuket history
  4. ^ Thao Thep Krasatri and Thao Sri Soonthorn[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Thalang's defiant last stand Tipwarintron Tanaakarachod
  6. ^ Simmonds, E.H.S. (December 1965). "Francis Light and The Ladies of Thalang". Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. Cambridge University Press for SOAS, University of London. 38 (2 (208)): 592–619. ISSN 0126-7353. JSTOR 611568.
  7. ^ The Two Heroines Monument Archived 2011-07-01 at the Wayback Machine