Velar ejective

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Velar ejective
IPA Number109 + 401
Entity (decimal)k​ʼ
Unicode (hex)U+006B U+02BC
Audio sample

The velar ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨⟩.


Features of the velar ejective:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz акы [akʼə] 'one'
Adyghe Temirgoy шкӏэ About this sound[ʃkʼa]  'calf'
Shapsug кӏьэ About this sound[kʲʼa]  'tail' Palatalized. Corresponds to [t͡ʃʼ] in other dialects.
Archi кIан [kʼan] 'bottom'
Armenian Yerevan dialect[1] կեղծ [kʼɛʁt͡sʼ] 'false' Corresponds to tenuis [k⁼] in other Eastern dialects.
English[2][3] Non-local Dublin[4] back [bakʼ] 'back' Allophone of /k/ for some speakers.[4]
Northern English[5][6][7][8] Pre-pausal allophone of /k/ for some speakers;[5][7] may be somewhat palatalised.[5] See English phonology
Southern English[4][5][6][7]
Scottish[9] Occasional word-final allophone of /k/.[9]
Georgian აბა [kʼaba] 'dress'
Haida ttsanskkaagid [tsʼanskʼaːkit] 'beams'
Hausa ƙoƙari [kʼòːkʼɐ̄ɾī] 'effort'
Kabardian Baslaney кӏьапсэ About this sound[kʲʼaːpsa]  'rope' Palatalized. Corresponds to [t͡ʃʼ] in other dialects.
K'iche' k'ak' [kʼaːkʼ] 'new'
Lezgian кIир [kʼir] 'fang'
Navajo k'os [k'òs] 'cloud'
Ossetian Iron къона [ˈkʼonä] 'hearth'
Digoron дзæкъолæ [d͡zəˈkʼoɫə] 'bag'
Quechua k'aspi [kʼaspi] 'stick'

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dum-Tragut (2009:17–18)
  2. ^ Wells & Colson (1971:3)
  3. ^ "Ejectives in English | Linguism | Linguistics, Pronunciation and Phonetics". 21 August 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  4. ^ a b c "Glossary". Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d "John Wells's phonetic blog: ejectives in English". 8 December 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  6. ^ a b Cruttenden (2008:167)
  7. ^ a b c Wells (1982:261)
  8. ^ Gimson (1970:34)
  9. ^ a b Gordeeva & Scobbie (2006)


External links[edit]