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Wikipedia:Interface administrators

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Interface administrators (interface-admins) are users who can edit all JavaScript (JS), Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), and Javascript Object Notation (JSON) pages[1] and pages in the MediaWiki namespace. They are the only local user group with the ability to edit all JS/CSS pages.[2] These pages are executed by the browser of wiki editors and readers as code, which can be used to change how content is styled, change the behavior of pages, or even create complex tools to help with editing.

There are currently 14 interface administrators (including one bot). If you need assistance from an interface administrator, you can make a request at the interface administrators' noticeboard.

Background

The ability to edit JS/CSS that is executed in other users' browsers is very powerful, and extremely dangerous in the hands of a malicious user; interface administrators should be users who are highly trusted, have at least a basic understanding of JS and CSS, are aware of the privacy expectations of Wikimedia wikis, and have a decent understanding of how to secure their accounts (such as choosing strong and unique passwords and avoiding malware infection). The WMF Office requires all interface administrators to use two-factor authentication.[3]

There is a similar global interface editors group, who may use their access subject to the global rights policy.

Process for requesting

The interface administrator right may be granted only to existing administrators.[4][5] Interface administrators are required to use two-factor authentication (2FA).[6]

  • Venue: Wikipedia:Bureaucrats' noticeboard
  • Process: The administrator makes a request, with a rationale, at the bureaucrats’ noticeboard, to request interface administrator access. The request will remain open for 48 hours for first-time requests. Re-admin requests, not under a cloud, will not have a waiting period. No notice at other noticeboards is required. Bureaucrats may inquire about why the administrator is requesting access at their discretion. All editors may discuss the applicant, but the final decision rests with the reviewing bureaucrat. Bureaucrats may not assign access to themselves.[4]
  • Duration of right: Permanent by default, can be temporary if requested.[7]

Removal of permissions

Permission should be removed by bureaucrats in the following circumstances:[7]

  1. Interface administrators who have made no edits or other logged actions for at least 2 months or who have made no edits using the permission for at least 6 months should have the user right removed.
  2. Voluntary request by the interface administrator at the bureaucrats' noticeboard.
  3. After misuse of the access by consensus (e.g. at Wikipedia:Administrators' noticeboard).
  4. Upon removal of administrator access, for any reason.
  5. By request of the Arbitration Committee.

Bots

Any bot operator requesting access for their bot(s) must permanently possess the user right themselves.[7]

All bot operators are required to enable 2FA for their bot accounts and create a strong account password, and are strongly urged to use OAuth for maximum security. Bureaucrats and BAG members may ask bot operators to enforce these security measures at their discretion.

Technical access

There are two general kinds of pages in the MediaWiki namespace: Message pages and site configuration pages. Interface administrators can edit and delete these pages and can modify user configuration pages that live in the user space of other editors. Administrators who are not interface administrators can instead edit and delete most message pages (but not all of them).

Administrators and oversighters who are not interface administrators can delete and revision delete (or suppress in the case of oversighters) JS or CSS pages that live in the user space of other editors. However, they cannot restore revisions of those pages. Both regular administrators and interface administrators can modify JSON pages in the MediaWiki namespace or within the user space of other editors.

Access to code file pages located in the MediaWiki namespace and in the user space of other editors
Permission User Administrator Interface administrator
View Yes Yes Yes
Create No No Yes
Edit No No Yes
Move No No Yes
Delete No Yes Yes
View deleted history No Yes Yes
Restore No No Yes

Notes

  1. ^ Sitewide pages, such as MediaWiki:Common.js or MediaWiki:Vector.css, or the gadget pages listed on Special:Gadgets, and other user's subpages
  2. ^ Any administrator can edit other pages in the MediaWiki namespace and all JSON pages, and all registered users may edit their own personal js/css/json pages as used by Wikipedia:User scripts.
  3. ^ WMF 2FA requirement as published on metawiki.
  4. ^ a b Limited to administrators in this September 2018 RfC
  5. ^ Limited to administrators in this October 2018 RfC
  6. ^ Meta:Interface administrators: "For legal and security reasons, the Wikimedia Foundation has decided that Two factor authentication is required for this role on all projects".
  7. ^ a b c This process was approved in this RfC.

See also