Yaroslav Olexandrovych Halan
Ukrainian: Ярослав Олександрович Галан
|Born||July 27, 1902|
|Died||October 24, 1949 (aged 47)|
|Resting place||Lychakiv Cemetery|
|Pen name||Comrade Yaga, Volodymyr Rosovych, Ihor Semeniuk|
|Occupation||writer, playwright, publicist, politician, propagandist, radio host|
|Citizenship||Polish Republic |
|Alma mater||University of Vienna, |
|Genres||plays, pamphlets, articles|
|Literary movement||socialist realism|
|Notable works||The Mountains are Smoking (1938), |
Under the Golden Eagle (1947),
Love at Dawn (1949)
|Notable awards||Stalin Prize, |
Order of the Badge of Honour
|Spouse||Anna Henyk (1928–1937) Maria Krotkova (1944–1949)|
Yaroslav Olexandrovych Halan (in Ukrainian: Ярослав Олександрович Галан, party nickname Comrade Yaga; July 27, 1902, Dynów – October 24, 1949, Lviv) was a Ukrainian Soviet anti-fascist writer, playwright, publicist, member of the Communist Party of Western Ukraine since 1924, killed by nationalist insurgents in 1949.
- 1 Biography
- 2 Assassination
- 3 Evaluations by contemporaries
- 4 Homage
- 5 Awards
- 6 Works
- 7 External links
- 8 Bibliography
- 9 References
Yaroslav Halan was born on July 27, 1902, in Dynów (now Poland) to the family of Olexandr Halan, a minor post-office official. As a child he lived and studied in Peremyshl. He enjoyed a large collection of books gathered by his father, and was greatly influenced by the creativity of the Ukrainian socialist writer Ivan Franko. At school, Yaroslav's critical thoughts brought him into conflict with priests who taught theology.
At the beginning of the First World War his father, along with other "unreliable" elements who sympathized with the Russians, was placed in the Thalerhof internment camp by the Austrian authorities. Eventually Galitzia was taken by the Russians.
During the next Austrian offensive, in order to avoid repressions, his mother evacuated the family with the retreating Russian army to Rostov-on-Don, where Yaroslav studied at the gymnasium and performed in the local theatre. Living there, Halan witnessed the events of the October Revolution. He became familiar with Lenin’s agitation. Later these events formed the base of his story Unforgettable Days.
While in Rostov-on-Don, he discovered the works of Russian writers such as Leo Tolstoy, Maxim Gorky, Vissarion Belinsky, and Anton Chekhov. Halan often went to the theatre. Thus his obsession with this art was born, which in the future determined his decision to become a playwright.
After the war Halan returned to Galitzia (annexed by Poland), where in 1922 he graduated from the Peremyshl Ukrainian Gymnasium. He then studied at the Triest Higher Trade School in Italy, and in 1922 enrolled in the University of Vienna. In 1926 he transferred to the Jagiellonian University of Kraków, from which he graduated in 1928 (according to some sources he didn't pass the final exams). Halan then began working as a teacher of the Polish language and literature at a private gymnasium in Lutsk. However, ten months later he was banned from teaching due to political concerns.
In his student years Halan became active in left-wing politics. While at the University of Vienna he became a member of the workers' community Einheit (Unity), overseen by the Communist Party of Austria. From 1924 he proactively participated in the underground national liberation movement, which in the Ukrainian lands of the Second Polish Republic (except of Glitzia being under OUN influence) was headed by the Communist Party of Western Ukraine (CPWU). He joined the CPWU when he was on vacation in Peremyshl. Later, while stuying in Kraków, he was elected a deputy chairman of the legal student organization Życie (Life) ruled by the Communist Party of Poland.
Creativity and political struggle in Poland
In the 1920s, Halan's creative activity also began. In 1927 he finished work on his first significant play, Don Quixote from Ettenheim. For the first time he revealed the venality of nationalistic and chauvinistic parties in his play 99% (1930). The theme of class struggle and condemning segregation were actualized in the plays Cargo (1930) and Cell (1932), calling for united actions and class solidarity of Ukrainian, Jewish and Polish proletarians.
Halan's play 99% was staged by the semi-legal Lviv Workers’ Theatre. On the eve of the premiere, Polish authorities launched a campaign of mass arrest against Western Ukrainian communists, sending them to the Lutsk prison. As the theatre's director and one of the key actors were arrested, the premiere was on the verge of failure. Despite risks of being arrested, the workers continued rehearsing, so that the play was presented with a delay of only one day. About 600 workers attended the premiere; for them, it was a form of protest mobilization against repression and nationalism.
Halan was one of the founders of the Ukrainian proletarian writers’ group Horno. From 1927 to 1932, along with other communist writers and members of the CPWU, he worked for the Lviv-based Ukrainian magazine Vikna, being a member of its editorial board, until it was closed by government censors.
Living in the Polish-controlled city of Lviv, Halan frequently had to earn money by translating novels from German into Polish. In 1932 he moved to Nyzhniy Bereviz, the native village of his wife, located in the Carpathian mountains, close to Kolomyia, and kept working on his own plays, stories and articles there. In the village he spread communist agitation among peasants, creating cells of the International Red Aid and the Committee for Famine Relief. Without opportunities to find work, he lived in the countryside until June 1935, when he was summoned by the CPWU to return to Lviv.
In 1935, Halan traveled extensively around Prykarpattia, giving speeches to peasants. He became an experienced propagandist and agitator. Addressing the city workers, Halan explained to them the main points of Marxist theory. In particular, he held lectures on Friedrich Engels's Socialism: Utopian and Scientific, and Karl Marx's Wage Labour and Capital. Together with the young communist writer Olexa Havryliuk, Halan organized safe houses, wrote leaflets and proclamations, and transferred illegal literature to Lviv.
Throughout his political career the writer was repeatedly persecuted, and twice imprisoned (for the first time in 1934). He was one of the organizers of the Lviv Anti-Fascist Congress of Cultural Workers in May 1936. Halan also took part in a major political demonstration on April 16, 1936, in Lviv, in which the crowd was fired on by Polish police (in total, thirty workers were killed and two hundred injured). Halan devoted his story Golden Arch to the memory of fallen comrades.
Participation in the Anti-Fascist Congress forced him to escape from Lviv to Warsaw, where he eventually found work at the left-wing newspaper Dziennik Popularny, edited by Wanda Wasilewska. In 1937, the newspaper was closed by the authorities, and on April 8 Halan was accused of illegal communist activism and sent to prison in Warsaw (later transferred to Lviv). Released in December 1937, Halan lived in Lviv under strict supervision by the police, and remained unemployed until 1939.
In 1937, his elder brother, a member of the CPWU, died in Lviv. After the Communist Party of Poland and the Communist Party of Western Ukraine, as its autonomous organization, were dissolved by the Comintern on trumped-up accusations of spying for Poland in 1938, Halan's first wife Anna Henyk (also a member of the CPWU), who was studying at the Kharkiv Medical Institute, USSR, was arrested by the NKVD and executed in the Great Purge.
In the Soviet Lviv
After the USSR annexed Western Ukraine and Western Belarus in September 1939, Yaroslav Halan worked for the newspaper Vilna Ukraina, directed the Maria Zankovetska Theatre, and wrote more than 100 pamphlets and articles on changes taking place in the reunified lands of Western Ukraine.
«A group of writers such as Yaroslav Halan, Petro Kozlaniuk, Stepan Tudor and Olexa Havryliuk [...] treated the liberation of Western Ukraine [by the Red Army] as a logical conclusion of the policy of the Communist Party, which fought for the reunification of the Ukrainian people. In this, they actively helped the party in word and deed. In return, they have already had experience with Polish prisons and oppression from their fellow countrymen. Now [after it happened] they could breathe a sigh of relief. That is why their smiles were so sincere and celebratory.»
In November 1939 Halan went to Kharkiv to try to locate his vanished wife Anna Henyk. Together with the writer Yuri Smolych he came to the dormitory of the Medical Institute, and asked the porter for any information about her fate. The porter only gave him back a suitcase with Anna's belongings and said that she had been arrested by the NKVD, in response to which Halan burst into tears.
In June 1941, being a journalist of the newspaper Vilna Ukraina, he took his first professional vacation, in Crimea, but didn't manage to rest for long, as on June 22 Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union.
When the war on the Eastern Front began, Halan arrived in Kharkiv and went to the military commissariat having a big desire to become a volunteer of the Red Army and to go to the frontline but was denied.
He was evacuated to Ufa. In September 1941, Alexander Fadeyev summoned him to Moscow for working at the Polish-language magazine Nowe Horyzonty. In the days of the Battle for Moscow, on October 17, he was evacuated to Kazan.
Later the writer arrived in Saratov, where he served as a radio host at the Taras Shevchenko Radio Station. Then he was a special front-line correspondent of the newspaper Sovietskaya Ukraina, and then Radianska Ukraina.
«The majority of his radio-comments have been born spontaneously. He listens to the enemy's radio shows, thinks for a while, then goes to the studio with an open microphone and without any preparations responds, expressing everything what he feels. That was a true radio-battle with all Hitler's propagandists starting from Goebbels, Dietrich, and others. The opportunity to fight like this – immediately, without paper [and censorship] – demonstrates a high confidence given to him by the Government and the Central Committee of the CPSU(b).»
In 1943, in Moscow, he met his future second wife Maria Krotkova, who was an artist.
In October 1943, the publishing house Moscovskiy Bolshevik released the collection of 15 Halan's war stories Front on Air. At the end of th year, Halan moved to the recently liberated Kharkov and worked there on the frontline radio station Dnipro.
Yaroslav Halan wrote much about Ukrainian nationalists. In his story What Has No Name he described the OUN crimes:
«Fourteen-years-old girl can’t calmly look at meat. She trembles if someone is going to cook cutlets in her presence. A few months ago, on Easter Night, armed people came to a peasant house in a village close to the town of Sarny, and stabbed its inhabitants with knives. The girl having the eyes widened of fear was looking at the agony of her parents. The girl with horror in her eyes was looking at the agony of her parents. One of the gangsters put a knife blade to the child’s neck, but at the last moment a new “idea” came to his mind: “Live in glory to Stepan Bandera! And to avoid you being starved to death we will leave you some food. Guys, slice pork for her!" The "guys" liked such a proposal. In a few minutes a mountain of meat made from the bleeding father and mother grew up in front of the horror-struck girl...»
In Halan's tragedy Under the Golden Eagle (1947) the writer harshly criticizes the American occupation administration in Western Germany for its rude attempts to prevent Soviet soldiers interned in special camps to return to their homeland. In his play Love at Dawn (1949, published in 1951) he described the triumph of Socialism in the rural areas of Western Ukraine.
Often he was focused on counteracting the nationalistic propaganda. Nevertheless, Halan complained that these "Augean stables" were not his vocation but it had to be done by someone:
«I understand: the asenisation work is a necessary and useful work, but why only me? Why should I be the only cesspool cleaner? The reader of our periodicals will involuntarily have the thought that there is only "maniac" Halan, who has clung to Ukrainian fascism like a drunk clings to the raft, [while] the vast majority of the writers ignore this issue. It isn't needed to be explained what further conclusions the reader will make from this.»
In his last satirical pamphlets Yaroslav Halan criticized the nationalistic and clerical reaction (particularly, the Greek Catholic Church and the anti-Communist doctrine of the Holy See): Their Face (1948), In the service of Satan (1948), In the Face of Facts (1949), Father of Darkness and His Henchmen (1949), The Vatican Idols Thirst for Blood (1949, in Polish), Twilight of the Alien Gods (1948), What Should Not Be Forgotten (1947), The Vatican Without Mask (1949) etc.
When the Vatican had discovered that Halan is going to publish his new anti-clerical pamphlet Father of Darkness and His Henchmen, in July 1949 the Pope Pius XII excommunicated him. In response to this, Halan wrote a pamphlet I Spit on the Pope, that caused a significant resonance within the Church and among believers. In the pamphlet he ironized on the Decree against Communism released by the Vatican on July 1, in which the Holy See had threatened to excommunicate all members of the Communist parties and active supporters of the Communists:
«My only consolation is that I am not alone: together with me, the Pope excommunicated at least three hundred million people, and with them I once again in full voice declare: I spit on the Pope!»
Yaroslav Halan was assassinated on October 24, 1949, in his home office, which was situated at Hvadiyska street in Lviv. He received eleven blows to the head with an axe. His blood spilled on the manuscript of his new article, Greatness of the Liberated Human, which celebrated the tenth anniversary of the reunification of Western Ukraine with the Ukrainian SSR.
The killers – two students of the Lviv Forestry Technical Institute, Ilariy Lukashevych and Mykhailo Stakhur – committed the assassination after receiving the appropriate order from the OUN leadership. On the eve of the murder Lukashevych gained the writer's confidence, so the students were let into the house. They came to the apartment under the pretext of being discriminated against at the university and seeking his help. When Lukashevych gave a signal, Stakhur attacked the writer with the axe. After Stakhur was convinced that Halan was dead, they tied up the housekeeper and escaped.
The Ministry of the State Security (MGB) accused the Ukrainian nationalists of his murder, while the OUN claimed that it was a Soviet provocation in order to start a new wave of repressions against locals.
Nikita Khrushchev, the leader of the Ukrainian SSR at that time, took personal control of the investigation. In 1951, the MGB agent Bohdan Stashynsky infiltrated into the OUN underground network and managed to find Stakhur, who himself bragged about the assassination of Halan. He was arrested on July 10, and afterwards fully admitted his responsibility for the crime during the trial. According to Stakhur, he did that because of the writer's critical statements on the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, Ukrainian Insurgent Army and the Vatican.
On October 16, 1951, the military tribunal of the Carpathian Military District sentenced Mikhail Stakhur to death by hanging: the court hall applauded the announcement of the verdict. The verdict was enforced on the same day.
Some contemporary Ukrainian historians and journalists put forward the hypothesis that Halan was killed by the Soviets. However, nowadays the fact of the OUN guilt proved with the numerous pieces of evidence is widely recognized by the vast majority of historians.
The assassination of Halan caused tightening of measures against the nationalist Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), which continued terrorist activities against the Soviet power in Western Ukraine. All the leadership of the MGB arrived in Lviv, Pavel Sudoplatov himself worked there for several months. One of the consequences of the murder of Halan was the elimination of the UPA leader Roman Shukhevych four months later.
Evaluations by contemporaries
«Yaroslav Halan is a talented publicist, was a progressive writer in the past. Nowadays he still is the most advanced one among [local] non-party writers. But he's infected with the Western European bourgeois "spirit". Has little respect for Soviet people. Considers them not civilized enough. But just inwardly. In general terms, he understands the policy of the party, but in his opinion, the party makes great mistakes with regards to peasants in Western Ukraine. Halan places responsibility for these mistakes on the regional committee of the CPSU(b), local institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the local Soviet authorities. Believes in Moscow. Doesn't want to join the party (he was advised to) due to being an individualist, and also in order to keep his hands, mind, and words free. He thinks if he joins the party, he will lose this [freedom].»
In 1962, in Toronto, Olexandr Matla, aka Petro Tereschuk, a pro-nationalist historian from the Ukrainian diaspora in Canada, published the brochure History of a Traitor (Yaroslav Halan), in which he accused Halan of being an informer of both Polish and Soviet intelligence services, and of helping them to oppress nationalists and even some pro-Soviet writers from Western Ukraine such as Anton Krushelnytsky, who moved from Lviv to Kharkiv in the 1930s and was killed during the Great Terror.
«[Halan] has used his undeniable publicistic talent to serve the enemy, thereby placing himself outside the Ukrainian people. He has directed his energy and creative mind against his own people and their interests. An outrageous egoist, egocentrist, money lover, slanderer, cynic, provocator, agent of two intelligence services, misanthrope, falsificator, speculator, and an informer are all the characteristics of Yaroslav Halan.»
Petro Tereschuk, History of a Traitor (Yaroslav Halan), Canadian League for Ukraine's Liberation, Toronto, 1962.
«Yaroslav is an erudite, artist, polemicist, politician and undoubtedly an international-level journalist. I was amazed at his knowledge of the languages: German, French, Italian, Polish, Jewish, Russian. Picking up any newspaper or document he leafs through, reads it and writes something down. I was also surprised by his efficiency in work, interest in everything, an exceptional ability to "seek" and "raise" topics, problems, his persistent work on processing the material.»
«In 1949 I witnessed an unusual event. On October 2 Yaroslav Halan spoke in Lviv University. It turned out to be his last speech. We condemned him but his presentation surprised me. He spoke as an intelligent person defending Ukrainian culture. It had nothing to do with the series of his pamphlets “I spit on Pope!” Halan turned out to be a totally different man. Several days later he was killed.»
- In 1954, the movie It Shouldn't Be Forgotten, based on Yaroslav Halan's life events, with Sergei Bondarchuk in the main role was filmed. In 1973, another movie based on the biography of Halan Until the Last Minute with Vladislav Dvorzhetsky in the main role was released.
- In 1969, the studio Ukrkinokhronika filmed the documentary Yaroslav Halan about the life of the writer.
- The Dovzhenko Film Studios, in 1958, filmed Halan's work Under the Golden Eagle, but the film wasn't released as "too anti-American". Writer's work The Mountains are Smoking was filmed in 1989 by the Ukrtelefilm studio.
- In 1962, 1970 and 1976, the USSR Post issued postal envelopes with a portrait of Yaroslav Halan.
- A huge monument to Yaroslav Halan was installed in Lviv in 1972. Besides, the square where the monument was situated was named after Halan. In 1992, on the eve of the Vatican officials’ visit, the local authorities demolished the monument, and its metal was used for constructing a monument to the Prosvita, a nationalist organization which Halan fought with. There was another monument to the writer in the city Park of Culture installed in 1957 and demolished in the 1960s. A monument to Halam also existed in Drohobych, Lviv Region. Demolished in the 1990s.
- In 1960, Halan's personal apartment at Hvardiyska street, 18, where he lived in 1944-1949, was turned into his personal museum. The museum stored writer's personal belongings, documents, and materials about his literary and social activity, publications of his works. In the 1990s, it was under threat of closure, but eventually, it was transformed into the museum Literary Lviv of the First Half of the XX Century.
- From 1964 to 1991, the Yaroslav Halan Prize was awarded by the Writers' Union of Ukraine for the best propagandistic journalism.
- In 1979, the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR established the Yaroslav Halan Scholarship for talented students of the Taras Shevchenko Kyiv State University and Ivan Franko Lviv State University.
- In the 1970s, in Lviv Region, there was a network of 450 atheist clubs named after Yaroslav Halan.
- Halan's works in three volumes were published in Kyiv in 1977–1978.
- From 1967 to 1987, the Lviv-based publisher Kameniar issued the anti-fascist and anti-clerical almanac Post Named After Yaroslav Halan. In total, 22 issues were published.
- The streets named after Yaroslav Halan existed in Kyiv, Kharkiv, Kryvyi Rih, Odesa, Chernihiv, Dnipro, Lviv, Khmelnytskyi, Poltava, Cherkasy, Chernivtsi, Kalush, Nikopol, Uzhgorod, Mukachevo, Berzhany, Korosten, and Novograd Volynskyi but they were renamed within the campaign against the Soviet memorial legacy. In Soviet times, in Saratov, the name of Yaroslav Halan was given to the street where he worked at the Taras Shevchenko Radio Station. After the USSR collapsed, the street recovered it historical name Proviantskaya.
- In Donetsk, Luhansk, Enakievo, Torez, Shostka, and Rostov-on-Don, there are still the streets bearing the name of Halan.
- The Lviv Regional Theatre of Drama (Drohobych) and Kolomyia Regional Theatre of Drama (Kolomyia) received the name of Yaroslav Halan. Renamed in the 1990s.
- The Ternopil Pedagogical Institute and Lutsk Pedagogical College received the name of Yaroslav Halan. Renamed in the 1990s.
- The Lviv Regional Library for Adults, established by the Soviet authorities in the Besyadetski Palace building, and Kyiv Regional Library for Youth received the name of Yaroslav Halan. Renamed in the 1990s. One of the district libraries in Kharkiv still bears the writer's name.
- In 1954, the Yaroslav Halan Cinema was built in Lychakiv district, Lviv. Renamed in the 1990s, nowadays abandoned.
- Halan's name was given to kolkhozes in the following villages: Vuzlove (Radekhiv Raion, Lviv Region), Dytiatychi (Mostyska Raion, Lviv Region), Mistky (Pustomyty Raion, Lviv Region), Turynka (Zhovkva Raion, Lviv Rehion) Volodymyrivka (Domanivka Raion, Mykolaiv Region), Seredniy Bereziv (Kosiv Raion, Ivano-Frankivsk Region), Hnylytsi (Pidvolochysk Raion, Ternopil Region).
- The name of Yaroslav Halan was given to a passenger steamer of the Belsky river shipping company, which operated on the Moscow-Ufa line. Currently out of use.
- In 2012, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted the resolution About the celebration of the 110th anniversary of the birth of the famous Ukrainian anti-fascist writer Yaroslav Oleksandrovych Halan.
Writer's grave at the Lychakiv Cemetery
Former Yaroslav Halan street in Kharkiv (renamed in 2016)
Former building of the Ukrainian gymnasium of Lutsk where Halan worked.
- Order of the Badge of Honour – twice
- Stalin Prize of the 2nd class (1952, posthumously)
- Medal "For Valiant Labour in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
- Don Quixote from Ettenheim (1927)
- 99% (1930)
- Cargo (1930)
- Veronika (1930)
- Cell (1932)
- They Decide (1934)
- Vienna Speaks (1935, lost)
- Shumi Maritsa (1942, in Russian)
- Under the Golden Eagle (1947)
- Love at Dawn (1949, published in 1951)
- Bozhena Shramek (unfinished)
Stories and articles (selected)
- Unforgettable Days (1930)
- Punishment (1932)
- Three Deaths (1932)
- Virgin Lands (1932)
- Unknown Petro (1932)
- Savko Is Flooded With Blood (1935)
- Dead Are Fighting (1935)
- The Mountains are Smoking (1938, in Polish)
- On the Bridge (1940)
- Yoasia (1940)
- Forget-Me-Not (1940)
- Grandfather Martyn (1940)
- Jenny (1941)
- Miss Mccarty is Losing Faith (1946)
- School (1946)
- With Cross or With Knife (1945)
- Their Face (1947)
- What Should Not Be Forgotten, (1947)
- In the service of Satan (1948)
- Twilight of the Alien Gods (1948, in Russian)
- In the Face of Facts (1949)
- Father of Darkness And His Henchmen (1949)
- The Vatican Idols Thirst for Blood (1949, in Polish)
- The Vatican Without Mask (1949)
- I Spit on the Pope (1949)
- Front on Air (1943, radio speeches)
- The War Widow, by Leonhard Frank (1932, from German into Ukrainian)
- Three Domobrans, by Miroslav Krleža (1932, excerpt, from Croatian into Ukrainian)
- The Gadfly, by Ethel Voynich (1947, from English into Ukrainian)
- The Sisters, by Doriana Slepian (1948, from Russian into Ukrainian)
- Under the Golden Eagle (1958)
- The Mountains are Smoking (1989)
- We must not forget. Moscow: Novosti Press Agency Publishing House, 1975
- Reports from Nuremberg. Kyiv: Dnipro Publishers, 1976
- People Without a Homeland: Pamphlets. Kyiv: Dnipro Publishers, 1974
- Lest People Forget: Pamphlets, Articles and Reports. Kyiv: Dnipro Publishers, 1986
- Reportajes de Nuremberg. Kyiv: Dnipro Publishers. 1976
- "Nürnberg 1945 : Pamphlete". Kiew: Dnipro, 1975.
- Favorites. Translation from Ukrainian. Moscow: publishing house Sovetskiy Pisatel, 1951.
- Favorites. Translation from Ukrainian. Moscow: publishing house Sovetskiy Pisatel, 1952.
- The Vatican Without a Mask. Translation from Ukrainian. Moscow, publishing house Literaturnaya Gazeta, 1952.
- Plays. Moscow: Iskusstvo. 1956.
- With Cross or With Knife: Pamphlets. Moscow: 1962
- Light from the East. Translation from Ukrainian. Moscow, publishing house Molodaya Guàrdia, 1954.
- Favorites. Translation from Ukrainian. Moscow, Goslitizdat, 1958.
- Favorites. Kyiv: publishing house Radianskyi Pysmennyk, 1951.
- Works. In 2 volumes. Kyiv: Derzhlitvidav, 1953.
- Works. In 3 volumes. Kyiv: Derzhlitvidav, 1960.
- Unfinished Song. Kyiv: Dnipro Publishers. 1972.
- Favorites. Lviv: Shkilna Biblioteka. 1976
- Works: Pamphlets and Fayletons. Kyiv:Naukova Dumka. 1980.
- Works. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka. 1980.
- Dramas. Lviv: Kameniar. 1981
- Favorites. Lviv: Kameniar. 1987.
- Ukrainian Stories. Azərnəşr. 1954
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yaroslav Halan.|
(English translation) Halan, Yaroslav. Reports from Nuremberg. Kyiv: Dnipro Publishers, 1976
(English translation) Halan. Yaroslav. I Spit on the Pope!
- Yaroslav Halan on the Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine
- Yaroslav Halan on the IMDb
- Yaroslav Halan on the WorldCat Identities – books publication statistics and other data
- Yaroslav Halan (as Yaroslav Galan) on the Google Books Ngram Viewer – frequency of mention in English-language books
- Беляев В., Ёлкин А. Ярослав Галан. – М.: Молодая гвардия, 1971. – (Жизнь замечательных людей)
- Галан Ярослав: Енциклопедія історії України: Т. 2. Редкол.: В. А. Смолій (голова) та ін. НАН України. Інститут історії України. – Київ 2004, "Наукова думка". ISBN 966-00-0632-2.
- Терещенко Петро. Історія одного зрадника (Ярослва Галан). Торонто: Канадаська ліга за визволення України, 1962.
- Галан Ярослав, Спогади про письменника, Львiв, вид-во "Каменяр", 1965.
- Вальо М. А. Ярослав Галан (1902—1949): до 80-річчя з дня народження. Бібліографічний покажчик. – Львів, 1982.
- Про Ярослава Галана: Спогади, статті. – К., 1987.
- Ярослав Галан – борець за правду і справедливість: Документи // Український історичний журнал. – 1990. – No. 2—3.
- Рубльов О. С., Черченко Ю. А. Сталінщина й доля західноукраїнської інтелігенції (20—50-ті роки XX ст.) – К., 1994.
- Бантышев А. Ф., Ухаль А. М. Убийство на заказ: кто же организовал убийство Ярослава Галана? Опыт независимого расследования. – Ужгород, 2002.
- Цегельник Я. Славен у віках. Образ Львова у спадщині Я. Галана // Жовтень. – 1982. – No. 3 (449). – С. 72—74. – ISSN 0131—0100.
- "Боротьба трудящихся Львівщини проти Нiмецько-фашистьских загарбників". Львів, вид-во "Вільна Україна", 1949.
- Буряк Борис, Ярослав Галан. В кн.: Галан Я., Избранное. М., Гослитиздат, 1958, стр. 593–597.
- Даниленко С., Дорогою ганьби і зради. К., вид-во "Наукова думка", 1970.
- Довгалюк Петро, В кн.: Галан Я., Твори в трьох томах, К., Держлітвидав, 1960, стр. 5–44.
- Добрич Володимир, У тіні святого Юра. Львiв, вид-во "Каменяр", 1968.
- Евдокименко В. Ю., Критика ідейних основ украінського буржуазного націоналізму. К., вид-во "Наукова думка", 1967.
- Ёлкин Анатолий, Ярослав Галан в борьбе с католической и американской реакцией. "Вестник Ленинградского университета", 1951, No. 10, стр. 85–100.
- Елкин Анатолий, Ярослав Галан. (Новые материалы.) "Звезда", 1952, No. 7, стр. 163–172.
- Елкин Анатолий, Библиография противоватиканских работ Я. А. Галана. В кн.: "Вопросы истории религии и атеизма". М., изд-во АН СССР, т. 2, 1954, стр. 288–292.
- Елкин Анатолий, Ярослав Галан. Очерк жизни и творчества. М., изд-во "Советский писатель", 1955.
- Елкин Анатолий, Степан Тудор. Критико-биографич. очерк. М., изд-во "Советский писатель", 1956.
- Замлинський Володимир, Шлях чорної зради. Львів, вид-во "Каменяр", 1969.
- Косач Юрий, Вид феодалізму до неофашизму. Нью-Йорк, 1962.
- "Людьскоі крові не змити". Книга фактів. К, 1970.
- Мельничук Ю., Ярослав Галан. Львівске кн. – журн. вид-во, 1953.
- Млинченко К. М., Зброєю полум'яного слова. К., вид-во АН УССР, 1963.
- Млот Франтишек, Мешок иуд, или Разговор о клерикализме. Краков, 1911. На польском языке.
- Полевой Борис. В конце концов. М., изд-во "Советская Россия", 1969.
- "Пост имени Ярослава Галана". Сборник. Львів, вид-во "Каменяр", 1967.
- "Правда про унію". Документи і матеріяли. Львiв, вид-во "Каменяр", 1968.
- Терлиця Марко, "Правнуки погані". Киев, изд-во "Радянський письменник", 1960.
- Терлиця Марко. Націоналістичі скорпіони. Киев, изд-во "Радянський письменник", 1963.
- "Ті, що канули в пітьму". Львів, вид-во "Каменяр", 1968.
- Ткачев П. И., Вечный бой. Минск, изд-во БГУ, 1970.
- Цегельник Яків, В кн.: Галан Ярослав, Спогади про письменника. Львів, вид-во "Каменяр", 1965.
- Чередниченко В., Націоналізм против націі. К., 1970.
- Siundiukov, Ihor (November 6, 2001). "Yaroslav Halan's symbol of faith". Day. Archived from the original on October 14, 2018.
- Tereshchuk, Petro (1962). Story of a Traitor (Yaroslav Halan) (PDF). Toronto: Canadian League for Ukraine's Liberation. Archived from the original on May 26, 2015.
- "Колесо історії: Луцька українська гімназія (фото)" [Wheel of History: Lutsk Ukrainian Gymnasium (photo)]. Хроніки Любарта (in Ukrainian). September 17, 2016. Archived from the original on March 20, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- Beliaev, Vladimir; Yolkin, Anatoliy (1962). Жизнь замечательных людей. Ярослав Галан [Life of Outstanding People. Yaroslav Halan] (in Russian). Moscow: Molodaya Gvardiya. Archived from the original on 2014-08-06.
- Marples, David R. (January 23, 2013). Heroes and Villains : Creating National History in Contemporary Ukraine. Hors collection. Budapest: Central European University Press. pp. 125–165. ISBN 9786155211355. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018.
- "Автобиография Ярослава Галана" [Yaroslav Halan's Autobiography]. Radianske Literaturoznavstvo (in Russian). Taras Shevchenko Institute of Literature of the NAS of the Ukrainian SSR. 1. 1960. ISSN 2413-6352. Archived from the original on October 14, 2018.
- Manchuk, Andriy (2002). "Ярослав Галан: "Померлi борються..."" [Yaroslav Halan: Dead are Figfhting...]. GHETTO (in Russian). Archived from the original on March 19, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Halan, Yaroslav". encyclopediaofukraine.com. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Ярославу Галану удалось выйти из польских застенков" [Yaroslav Halan managed to get out of the Polish dungeons]. СЕГОДНЯ (in Russian) (238 (739)). December 15, 2000. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018.
- Hrabovskyi, Serhiy (July 25, 2007). "Ярослав Галан: трагедія "зачарованого на Схід"" [Yaroslav Halan: The Tragedy of the "Enchanted to the East"] (in Ukrainian). Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- Leszczyński, Adam (May 5, 2014). "Masakra we Lwowie". Gazeta Wyborcza (in Polish). Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- Tarnavskyi, Ostap (1995). Literary Lviv, 1939–1944: Memories. Lviv. pp. 30–32. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018.
- "Vilna Ukrayina Newspaper". lvivcenter.org. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- Panch, Petro (1960). Lviv, Kopernyka str., 42. Vitchyzna. Archived from the original on 2018-06-12.
- Smolych, Yuri (1968). Розповідь про неспокій [Story About Inquietude] (in Ukrainian). Kyiv: Radianskyi Pysmennyk.
- "Turning the pages back... October 25, 1949". The Ukrainian Weekly (42, Vol. LXIX). October 21, 2001. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018.
- Amar, Tarik Cyril (December 15, 2015). The Paradox of Ukrainian Lviv: A Borderland City between Stalinists, Nazis, and Nationalists. Cornell University Press. ISBN 9781501700835.
- Halan, Yaroslav (August 15, 1962). С крестом или с ножом [With Cross and Knife] (in Russian). Moscow: State Publisher of Fiction. p. 70.
- Kysla, Yulia (January 6, 2015). ""Пост ім. Ярослава Галана". Осінній атентат у Львові" ["Post n.a. Yaroslav Halan". Autumn attempt in Lviv]. Ukraina Moderna (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 2018-03-20.
- Magocsi, Paul R. (1989). Morality and reality: the life and times of Andrei Sheptytsḱyi (PDF). Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 14, 2018.
- Plokhy, Serhii (December 8, 2016). The Man with the Poison Gun: A Cold War Story. Oneworld Publications. ISBN 9781786070449.
- Halan, Yaroslav (August 15, 1962). "Плюю на папу!" [I Spit of the Pope!]. С крестом или с ножом [With Cross or With Knife] (in Russian). Moscow: State Publisher of Fiction. p. 112.
- Plokhy, Serhii (2017-03-02). "The Man With The Poison Gun". Intelligence Analysis and Reporting. Archived from the original on October 14, 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
- Rossolinski, Grzegorz (2014). Stepan Bandera: The Life and Afterlife of a Ukrainian Nationalist : Fascism, Genocide, and Cult. Columbia University Press. p. 393. ISBN 9783838206844.
- Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich (2004). Memoirs of Nikita Khrushchev. Penn State Press. p. 262. ISBN 0271028610.
- Jacobson, Gavin. ""By now, there was no way back for me": the strange story of Bogdan Stashinsky". New Statesman. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
- Vedeneev, Dmitri; Shevchenko, Sergei (February 14, 2002). "Признался!.. Забирайте!" ["He confessed!.. Take him away"]. 2000 (in Russian). Archived from the original on June 12, 2018.
- Sever, Alexandr (February 8, 2018). Павел Судоплатов. Волкодав Сталина [Pavel Sudoplatov. Stalin's Wolfhound] (in Russian). Litres. ISBN 9785457691995.
- Filipchuk, Natalia (October 24, 2009). "Ярослав Галан. Откроют ли архивы КГБ тайну его убийства?" [Yaroslav Halan. Could KGB Archives Reveal the Mystery of his Murder?]. Holos Ukrainy (in Russian). Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
- Halan, Yaroslav (August 15, 1962). С крестом или с ножом [With Cross or With Knife] (in Russian). Moscow: State Publisher of Fiction. p. 8.
- Kipiani, Vakhtang (December 19, 1999). "And here is what I'll tell you… M.Horyn's interview". museum.khpg.org. Archived from the original on October 14, 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
- Hero of the Heavenly sotnia Ustym Holodniuk became an honorary citizen of the city Berezhany. Posthumously. Beyond Zbruch. March 28, 2014